The world Conservation Union is an international non-governmental organization which was established in 1948 AD. At the beginning, it was named as the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). But now it is called the World Conservation Union with the short form of (IUCN). Its headquarters is in Gland in Switzerland. There are more than 913 members from 138 countries in the IUCN.
The vital functions of the IUCN are to encourage, motivate and help the world community to conserve the integrity and variety of nature and to utilize the natural resources without any harmful effects on the environment. The IUCN World Conservation Union is involved in environmental study and policy making activities. It has been emphasizing the implementation of the environment related programmes at regional and local levels.
The IUCN regularly publishes red list of the endangered animals due to the destruction of habitants or other causes. It also provides information about the policy formulated for the conservation of endangered animals. Every nation formulates the policy and programmes for the conservation working policy, which helps to promote the environment for sustainable development.
Main functions of the IUCN in Nepal
Nepal has been following the policy and programmes purposed by the IUCN. In Nepal the national conservation working policy implementation project was conducted from 1989 to 1996 AD. Some important programmes conducted by the national conservation working plan implementation projects are follows:
Worldwide Fund Nature (WWF) is an international non-governmental organization for the conservation of nature. It was established in 1961 AD. It was called the world Wildlife Fund at the time its establishment. But it was renamed as World Wide Fund for Nature in 1986 AD. Its headquarters is in Switzerland.
The WWF is an important organization in the field of conservation of nature. It is trying to protect rare animals and natural resources of the earth. It is closely related with the world conservation union.
The WWF has implemented its programmes in different countries in different countries. It has been working to protect the wildlife which is on the verge of extension. It has been contributing to the programmes like the observation of watersheds, conservation and eco-system. It has also assisted in providing training for wildlife experts and workers and conducting environmental awareness programmes.It has supported the Annapurna Conservation Area Project (ACAP) and the projects relating to rhinoceros and Himalayan habres. WWF has been providing financial and technical cooperation to different governmental and non-governmental organizations and agencies like national parks wildlife conservation department, the king Mahendra Trust for Natural conservation Fund etc.
Why was the World Conservation Union established?
The World Conservation Union established for the following reasons:
What are the main functions of the WWF?
The main function of the WWF are as follow:
What is the main function of the UNEP?
The main function of the UNEP is to conserve the environment.
© 2019-20 Kullabs. All Rights Reserved.