Verb Modals

Subject: Grammar

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Verb Modals

"Verb Modals" is expressing mood or attitude of a speaker .

Commonly used models

can, could, will, would, shall, should, may, might, must, ought to, need, dare etc.

  1. Permission
  2. Ability
  3. Possibility
  4. Suggestion, advice, duty (obligation)
  5. Promise
  6. Intention/ willingness
  7. Request
  8. Necessity
  9. Prohibition
  10. Wish


  • Modals are always followed by a main verb but in question tag it can be used alone.
  • Modals don't change it's form with the person or main verb of the subject.
  • The main verb used after a modal must be in root form.

Permission (may, can, could)

  • can: informal (not so polite)
  • may: polite
  • could: more polite

Ability (can, could, be able to)

  • can: be able to, be capable of, know how to
  • could: ability, expressed in past
  • can: opportunity

- Milan can solve the problem.
(Milan is able to solve this problem.)
(Milan knows how to solve this problem)


  • Be able to can be used in any tense.

Probability (may, might, could)

  • could: a weaker possibility
  • might: a weak possibility
  • may: a good possibility

Intention (will, shall)

  • shall: I shall ring you up in the evening.
  • will: He will help you in the business.

Request (would, won't, can, could)

  • would: polite request
  • could: polite request
  • can: formal request

Wish (may)

  • May you live long!


  • Not to be afraid to do something

Need Not

  • There is no necessity or compulsion
Things to remember
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.

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