Formation of Words

Subject: Grammar

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Formation of Words


The following suffix help to form nouns :

acy accuracy hood childhood
age shortage ice service
al approval ity ability
ance maintenance ment movement
cy vacancy ness happiness
dom wisdom ship friendship
ence inocence sion decision
ety piety th length
eur amateur tion attraction
ty cruelty

Words Nouns
able(योग्य) ability
accurate(शुद्ध) accuracy
act(काम गर्नु) action
active(सक्रिय) activity
admit admission
advise advice
affect(प्रभाव पार्नु) effect
agree(सहमत हुनु) agreement
angry(रिसाएको) anger(रिस)
appear appearance(देखावट)
apply application
arrive arrival(आगमन)
assist assistance(सहायता)
attract attraction(आकर्षण)
bear birth(जन्म)
begin beginning(प्रारम्भ)
believe(विश्वास गर्नु) belief
bind(बाँध्नु) bond(बन्धन)
bless(आशीर्वाद दिनु) bliss(परम सुख)
brave(बहादुर) bravery
break breakage/ breach (तोडफोड)
carry(बोक्नु) carriage(परिबहन)
certain certainty(निश्चयतता)
choose choice (रोजाइ)
collect collection(संग्रह)
collide (ठोक्किनु) collision
cruel (दुष्ट) cruelty(दुष्टयाइँ)
deep depth (गहिराइ)
defend defence(रक्षा)
deny denial (अस्वीक्रिति)
depart departure (बिछोड)
die death
different(बेग्लै) difference
dirty(फोहोरी) dirt(फोहोर)
discover discovery(खोजी)
easy ease (आराम)
enjoy enjoyment(आनन्द)
equal(बराबर) equality(बराबरी
exceed excess (ज्यादा)
expand expansion (फैलावट)
explain explanation (व्याख्या)
false falsehood (झूटोपन)
fertile fertility (मलिलोपन)


Verb is a word which shows action. Verb can be made using suffix like: ate, e-e, en, fy, ly, ise, se, ve, etc. It can be made from noun and adjective. But to make verb prefixes such as en, de, re, as, ac, be can be used.

Generally, noun is made from verb and adjective using the following suffixes:

  • acy = vacancy, accuracy, democracy
  • age = shortage, breakage, homage
  • al = approval, corporal, denial
  • ance = maintenance, ordiance, appearance
  • cy = mercy, vacancy, privacy
  • dom = wisdom, kingdom, freedom
  • ence = innocence, difference, absence
  • ety = piety, society
  • eur = amateur, grandeur
  • hood = childhood, brotherhood, falsehood
  • ice = justice, service, office, practice
  • ity = utility, reality, amenity
  • ment = investment, development, commitment
  • ness = goodness, freshness, vastness
  • ship = hardship, friendship, worship
  • sion = decision, illusion, occasion
  • th = length, breadth, health, truth
  • tion = mention, connection, affection
  • ty = cruelty, bounty, beauty


  • ate = classmate, accurate, compensate
  • e = breathe, clothe, wreathe
  • en = lengthen, fasten, shorten
  • fy = defy, justify, verify
  • ise = advise, exercise, practice
  • se = mesmerize, memorise, emphasise


  • a =ashamed, awake, amend
  • ac = acknowledge, accompany
  • as = assure, assault, ascend
  • be = beware, become, betumble
  • de = design, descend, detach
  • en = ensure, enable, encourage
  • re = recover, recollect, refresh, reserve


It can be made from noun and verb. An adjective can be used before noun and helping verb, (E.g.; That boy is my brother. Ram is a good boy. I?m fine.)

To make adjective the following suffixes are used:

  • able = amicable, capable, available
  • al = technical, local, manual, annual
  • ary = dreary
  • ate = appropriate, accurate
  • ant = brilliant, important
  • ent = dependent
  • ic = pacific
  • cy = fancy, nancy
  • ish = bluish, selfish, childish
  • lar = popular, circular, monocular
  • like = childlike, manlike
  • ly = deadly, curly
  • ous = virtuous, gorgeous, luxurious
  • some = handsome, troublesome
  • tial = potential
  • tic = critic, frantic, lunatic
  • tive = attentive, attractive


It adds more about verb. In English, the following suffixes are used:

  • ly = foolishly, slowly, fastly
  • long = headlong
  • ward = backward, afterward
  • wise = clockwise, anticlockwise, likewise
  • way = headway


Simple Present

  • Play = He plays cricket.
  • Brush = I brush my teeth.
  • 5:30 = I woke up at 5:30 am.
  • Laugh = They laugh everytime.
Things to remember
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.

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