Information on Social Including Traditions, Norms, Values, Religions, Ethnicity, Languages, Cultures, Arts and Literature

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Information on Social Including Traditions, Norms, Values, Religions, Ethnicity, Languages, Cultures, Arts and Literature

Traditions, Norms, Value

Jagat Prakash Malla introduced Gaijatra.

Era slavery system was prevailed in Ancient Period. Lotus flower is stands for Education and discipline.

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D.B Pariyar was the director of filmSatya Haris Chandra. Ashwani Kumar was the Doctor (Baidhya) of God. Raja Haris Chandra was the first Nepali film. The curse given to Kumbakarna is To sleep for 6 months continuously.

Brahma cursed Kumbakarna. Natraj is called the dancing position of lord Shiva.

Ravan is the reincarnation of Hirayakashyap.

Temples/ Pilgrimages and their Locations

Name of Temple

Scholarships after +2 Abroad Studies Opportunities

Locations

Nandikeshwor

Naxal, Kathmandu

Sallyan Devi

Dhading

Minnath

Patan

Naradevi

Kathmandu

Baneshwor Mahadev Temple

Tindhara, Kathmandu

Swet Bhairav

Hanuman Dhoka, Kathmandu

Jagat Narayan Temple

Shankhamul, Patan

Vishwa rup

Mrigastali, Kathmandu

Budhanilkantha (Idol)

Budhanilkantha, Kathamandu

Dakshinkali

Pharping, Kathmandu

Changu Narayan Temple

Changunarayan, Bhaktapur

Nyatapole Dewal

Durbar swuare, Bhaktapur

Bhairavnath Temple

Bhaktapur

Bajra Barahi Temple

Lalitpur

Bhairab Temple

Nuwakot

Pancha Dewal

Pashupatinath, Kathmandu

Dattatreya Temple

Bhaktapur

Chhatra Mai

Chhatragunj, Arghakhanchi

Pathivara Temple

Taplejung

Palanchowk Temple

Kavrepalanchowk

Sidhakali Temple

Chainpur, Shankhuwasava

Tapoban

Darchula

Baheswori

Nepalgunj

Bhalu Bhim Gupta

Tanahun

Banda Basini

Kaski

Matrikshwor

Rani Pokhari, Kathmandu

Kalinchowk

Dolakha

Deuti Bajari Temple

Surkhet

Narayansthan

Ilam

Singh Barahi

Ilam

Maisthan

Ilam

Chinamasta Bhagwati

Kathmandu

Shaiyogini temple

Balaju, Kathmandu

Satyawoti temple

Palpa

Argha mai Temple

Argha, Arghakhanchi

Bhairavsthan

Palpa

Supa Deurali

Supa, Arghakhanchi

Dolakha Bhimsen

Dolakha

Balmiki Ashram situate at Nawalparasi.there are 8 types of marriage system is prevailed in Hindu religion. Midwestern and Far-western development region Masto system is prevailed. Khasha community worship Masto as main deity in Dewali. The main residence of Aathpaharia Rais isDhanduta. Rosa is the greatest festival of Muslim people. 3 times (Baisakh, Bhada and Aswin) in a year Aathpahari Rais worshio marga. Parohang and Sumnima is lord Shiva and Parvati called in Rai/karti group. Lord Shiva's dance called Tandav. Ram is known as Kharari. Shree Swosthani story taken from Skanda epic. Swami Dayananda Sarswoti was the founder of Arya community. According to Hindu tradition Sesh Nagh the cows tail indicate. Ghoda-veda Pratha popular inKarnali Zone (Mugu district). According to Hindu tradition cows two horns indicate to Sumeru and Kumeru Parvat. Dhanwantari is the founder of Ayurvedic. Lord Shiva three eyes are symbolized as fire, sun, and moon.

Religion

According to the religion, Nepal is the Secular State types of country.4 Jestha, 2063 Nepal declared as a secular state. Before declaring Nepal as a secular country its was Hindu country. Nepal is Independent, Sovereign, secular inclusive and democratic state type of country. Krishna is known as Murari.

The flower of Tulasi called Manjari. Vedbyash remembrance Guru Purnima is celebrated. Bouddhanath Stupa is the biggest stupa in Nepal.

Gangotpatic Parva celebrated at Baishakh Shukla Saptami. According to Mahabharat, Marichi, Atri, Angiri, Pulasty, Ritu and Basistha are known as Sapta Rishi. Arya Ballav is the name of Machhindranath. According to Puran Gautam, Bhardwaj, Bishwamitra, Jamdagni, Kashyap, Basita, atri are known as Saptashree. Ganga, Yamuna, Saraswati, Sindhu, Narbaba, Kaberi & Godavari is known as Saptasindhu. Brihaspati is known as the teacher of God. Basundhara is the mother name of God Indra. Ram God is known as Kharari. Gautam Buddha is known as the light of Asia.

Kathmandu city is known as a city of the temple. God Ram is known as Purusottam. God Kuber resembles wealth. Mustang district is Muktinath temple located. The conch of Krishna was known as Pancha Janya. The temple of Rani Pokhari opened onBhai tika, Kartik Krishna Pakshya Dwitya. The common God of Hindus and Buddhists wereRato Machchhindranath.

The lord of Gods Amaravati Indrapuri is the capital of Indra. Kumari is called the living Goddess of Nepal. The Hindus worship Buddha Manjushree as Saraswoti.

Karma Deva Hindu God is also known as kusumesam as his arrows are decorated with flowers. According to Hindu mythology, Yama was the first man to die. According to Hindu mythology, Kamadhenu / Surabhi celestial cow was created during the cosmic churning of the ocean. Nonstop dictation lord Ganesh agree to transcribe dictation of Mahabharat by Ved vyasa. Baidehi is the legendary name of Sita. Virupakshya is the oldest statue in Nepal. Ugrasen became the king of Mathura after Krishna killed Kansha his maternal uncle.

Parents of some mythological figures

Name

Mother

Father

Padav

Kunti

Pandu

Dasharath

Indumati

Aja

Dattatreya

Ambika

Vichitravirya

Pandu

Ambika

Vichitravirya

Bidur

Ambika

Basudev

Hanuman

Anjani

Bayu

Parbati

Menuka

Himalaya

Karna

Kunti

Surya (Sun)

Vedvyas

Matsyaganda

Paraasar

Dhurba

Surniti

Uttanpad

Asgtabakra

Sujata

Kahod

Anghad

Tara

Baali

Parikshit

Uttara

Abhimanyu

Abhimanyu

Shubhadra

arjun

Gods and their mounts (Bahan/ Vehicles

Name

Mount

Name

Mount

Batuk Bhairab

Dog

Bhairab Dattatrya

Dog

Ganesh

Mouse

Laxmi

Owl

Saraswoti

Swan

Yamuna

Tortoise

Shani

Vulture

Bayu

Deer

Bishnu

Garud

Ganga, Varun

Crocodile

Kunar

Peacock

Mahadev, Shiva

Bull (Nandi)

Yamaraj

Buffalo

Durga, Bhagawati

Lion

Indra

Airawat (elephant)

Religious Writers

Name

Writer

Name

Writer

Mahabharat

Vedvyas

Ramayan

Balmiki

18 Puran

Parasar

Raghubansha

Kalidas

Kumar sambhav

Kalidas

Shishupal

Magh

Manusmrit

Manu

Kiratarjuniya

Bharawi

Mahabharat

Gadhaparva

Bigaya

Nanda

Naibadhachrita

Shree Hessha

There are 1 Lakh lines in Mahabharat. Bhisma Pitamber was the first commander in chief of kauravas in Mahabharat war. The first king of Dwaper Yuga was Parikshit. The two eye of Swayambhunath Symbolize is Justice and Injustice.

Ethnicity

In Nepal 59 caste group are there in ethnicity groups. There are 103 (Some caste are no identified) castes and ethnic groups in Nepal. Ban Kariya, Kusundam, Raute, Raji, Sure, Hayu, Kishan, Lepchem, Meche, Kush Badiya 10 endangered ethnic group in Nepal. Thami, Danuwar, Majhi, Shiyar, Lohani, Thudam, Dhanuk, Chepang, Bote, Santhal, Jhangad, Baram highly marginalized ethnic group in Nepal.Nepali society is divided 4 caste 36 sub-caste. Rodi culture belongs to Magar. Maruni Nach belongs to Magar, Gurung. Satar caste does the daughter in law become window at her father-in-laws death. Paribetta is the person getting married before his elder brother called in Nepal. Lewa, Sherpa, Bara Gaule, Dolpali caste of group common wife system is in practice. The headof Danuar socuety called Manjan. Sherpa caste group in Nepal is known as eastern people.

Priests (Purohits) of different castes

Caste

Priest

Caste

Priest

Brahmins

Pandit

Chepang

Pandey

Jiral

Nakso

Sunuwar

Nakso

Tharu

Bharra

Kshetries

Pandit

Gurung

Ghyabre, Ghyapring

Tamang

Lama

Newar

Deubhaju, Gubbaju

Rai

Dopa

In Terai region Dhanuk, Satar, Jhagand ethnic groups are in highly marginalized. In Terai region 2 (Kishan, Meche)ethnic group are in endangered-group. Newar, Thakali ethnic group is categorized in the advanced ethnic group. 15 ethnic groupsare listed in the disadvantaged group. 20 ethnic groups are listed in the marginalized group. 12 ethnic groups are listed in the highly marginalized group. Rajbanshi caste groups resemble them as Kiranti Dynasty. 2 (Raute and Raji) are the endangered ethnic group of Inner Terai. Kumal & Paral are the marginalized ethnic group of Inner Terai. Manji, Bhote nad Danuwar are the highly marginalized ethnic group of Inner Terai. Madarsa is the institution of Muslim which resemble for religion and education.

Languages

Nepali is the official language of Nepal. Naagraaj was the first person to use the Nepali language as royal language. Kaikey language is spoken in Karnali zone. J.K Hudson was the first foreigner to write Nepali language Grammar. language means Medium of Expression. Bible book is published in many languages. Seto Bagh Nepali literature book is firstly translated into the Japanese language. Bhanubhakta Acharya is the greatest literary figure of Nepali Language. Kalidas is the greatest literary figure of Sanskrit language.Devnagari script Sanskrit, Nepali and Hindi languages are written. Roman is the first script English, German and Spanish languages are written. Pushkar Sumser was the first Nepali to write English words. Numafung movie is made in Limbu Language. Article 5 of Interim constitution, Nepali language is described as a national language. The development of Nepali language divided into 3 phases. Gupta script was the ancient script of Nepali. The Urdu language is spoken by Nepalese Muslim. Newar caste is related with Ranjana script. Tulasi Das composed the Ramayan in Abadhi language. Bharopeli (Indo-Europe) is the worlds biggest language family. There are 4 families language Bharopeli, Indo-Europe, Bhot Burmali, China-Tibetan, Dravid, Dravidian, Agneya, Austric, in the world. Nepali, Maithali, Tharu, Abadhi, Rajbamsi, Danuwar, Kumal, Bhote, Chureti, Urdu, etc. languages which are spoken under Indo-European Family. Limbu, Tamang, Magar, Gurung, Sherpa, Thakali, Thami, Pahari, Paute are the main languages which are spoken under China-Tibetan Family. Indo-European language family the worlds famous languages English, French, German and Russian are spoken. Austric (Aagnega) is the language family does Satar language spoken. Dravidian (Dravid) language family Jhangad or Ghangadi language is spoken. Khamchi language is the language spoken by Raute. There is 44 sound in Sanskrit. In eastern develoment region, there are 73 languages are spoken. Newari language is used in the film Rupmati.

Cultures

The importances of Nepali culture are Responsibility, ancient history, working a priority. Mahavir Jain is the founder of Jainism. The holy book of Jainism is Bachanamrita. The worshipping place of Jain people called Asni Mandir. Gayatri Mantra mentions in Rig Veda. Vedvyas is the writer of Bhagwat Gita. Janaki Navami denoted on Baisakh Shukla Nawami tithi.

Important solar and lunar days (Tithis)

Baisakh Krishna Aunshi

Mata tirtha Aunshi (Worshipping mother)

Baisakh Shukla Tritiya

Akshaya tritiya (Satya yug beginning day)

Baisakh Shukla Purnima

Chandi Purnima (Buddha Jayanti)

Ashadh Shukla Ekadashi

Harisayani Ekadashi (Planting Tulsi)

Shrawan Shukla Panchami

Nag Panchami

Shrawan Krishna Chaturdashi

Ganthemangal

Shrawan Shukla Purnima

Rishi Tarpani (Raksha Bandan)

Bhadra Krishna Asthami

Shree Krishna Janmastami

Bhadra Krishna Aunshi

Kunshe Aunshi (Worshipping fathers)

Bhadra Krishna Pratipada

Gai Jatra

Bhadra Shukla Panchami

Rishi Panchami

Ashwin Shukla Pratipada

Ghatasthapana

Ashwin Shukla Panchami

Bijaya Dashami

Kartik Shukla Pratipada

Gobardan Puja

Kartik Shukla Duitiya

Bhai Tika

Marg Krishna Chaturdashi

Bala Chaturdashi

Marg Shukla Panchami

Shree Panchami

Falgun Shukla Panchami

Shiva Ratri

Falgun Shukla Purnima

Fagu Purnima

Chaitra Krishna Aunshi

Ghode Jatra

Chaitra Shukla Asthami

Chaite Dashain

Chaitra Shukla Nawami

Ram Nawami

  • What do you call the line drawn in Yagya?

Ans: The line drawn in Yagya is called Seeta. Sikindha is the longest Puran. There are 18 chapters in Hindu holy book Geeta. Rig Veda is the oldest Veda. Islam religion was founded in 622 A.D. 13 number is said to be the unlucky number in Christoanity. The real name of Mahabharat epic is Satya Bijaya. Mangshir Shukla Panchami we celebrate Bibaha panchami. Krishna is known as Janardan.

Arts

The mean of art is Completion work in enormous style. Nepal Association of Fine Arts(NAFA) was established on 2022B.S. Nepali art school was established on1991B.S. Nepali art school renamed as Juddha Kala Pathsala on 1995 B.S Juddha Pathsala was made the university of Fine Arts in 2024 B.S Collage of fine arts was established on 2030 B.S. Araniko was declared as Lumaniri in 2030 B.S. Rana period is known as Dark Age for arts.Nepal Association of Fine Arts (NAFA) started an exhibition of art in 2033 B.S. There are 64 types of arts. Malla period is known as a golden age for art. Lichchhavi period dynasty can be considered as the entrance of Painting in Nepal. Nepali Panva or Thanka, Book painting, Mithila Painting, Wall painting are the pinting found in Nepal. book painting means Pragyaparamita. 2 (Pata thanka, Mandela thanka) of Thankas can be found.Tibet is the origin of Thanka painting. Mahayani Buddhist Sect developed Thanka painting. Madhuwan is the next name of Mithila painting. Barman Trivikramis the earliest image of Nepal. Malla period is called Golden age of sculpture. Architecture means Art of designing, building, and a study of structure, design and style of building. there are 3 Categories (Pyagoda style, Stupa or Chitya, and Shikar style) group ancient architecture of Nepal divided. 13th Century pyagoda style or Chaitya originated in Nepal. Ashoka stupa of Patan is the oldest Stupa style in Nepal. In Lichchhavi Period Pyagoda style started in Nepal. Satisalwood was used to build Kasthamandap. The art of cutting and polishing gemstones is called Lapidary. Basantapur Durbar is built on Pyagoda style. Hanuman idol (Kapilvastu) is the biggest idol of Nepal. Lord Shiva (Sanga, Kavre) is the tallest idol of Nepal. King Narendra devstarted carving in the window. Conservation act formed in 2013 B.S. National Birendra Art Museum is situated in Naxal. The first national art exhibition was held on 2022 B.S in Nepal. Sculpture meansArt that is produced by carving or snapping stone, wood, clay, metal, etc.

Literature

14 lines poem is called Sonnet. Tribhuvan Prize was given to Laxmi Pd. Devkota after his death. Bhanu Bhakta Acharya was declared as a luminary of Nepal in 2024 B.S. Dr. Ganesh Bhandari declared Makai Parva. Ripumardini Bhatta was the mother of Motiram Bhatta. The full form PEN is Poets, Editors and Novelists Association. Baburam Acharya is known as Father of history in Nepal. Govinda Raj Bhattarai was the first Nepali to do Ph.D. is translation literature.B.P Koiralawas the writer of Sumnima. Homer was the first poet of the world. Motiram Bhatta is known as Adhunik Kabi. Rudra Raj Pandey was the writer of Novel Rupmati. Lali Tripura Sundari was the first lady writer of Nepal.

Moniker of some Nepalese Literary Figures

Moniker

Name

Mahakavi

Laxmi Prasad Devkota

Yuga Kavi

Siddhi Charan Shrestha

Aadhikavi

Bhanubhakta Acharya

Adhunik Kavi

Gopal Prasad Rimal

Ayameli Kavi

Tilak Bikram Nemwang

Itihas Shiromani

Babu Ram Acharya

Kavi Keshari

Chittadhar Poudel

Yuba Kavi

Dharma Raj Thapa

Kavi Shiromani

Lekhnath Poudel

Yuba Kavi

Moti Ram Bhatta

Mahakavi (Newari Language)

Siddhi Raj Amatya

Sangeet Shiromani

Nararaj Dhakal

Baadhya Shiromani

Ostaj Master Ganesh Lal Shrestha

Biddhat Shiromani

Hem Raj Pandit, Som Nath Sigdel

Natya Samrat

Bal Krishna Sama

Swor Samragi

Aruna Lama

Swor Samrat

Narayan Gopal Gurbacharya

Swor Kinnari

Tara Devi

Rashtra Kavi

Madhav Prasad Ghimire

Lok Kavi

Ali Miya

Lok geet Samrat

Kumar Basnet

5 Eras of Nepali Literature

Era

Period

a)

Pre Bhanubhakta Era

Beginning to 1817 B.S

b)

Bhanubhakta Era

1872 to 1936 B.S

c)

Moti Ram Era

1940 to 1976 B.S

d)

Pre Revolution Era

1977 to 2007 B.S

e)

Post Revolution Era

2007 B.S onwards

The name of some author of Pre Bhanunhakta Era are Suwananda Das, Shakti Ballav Aryal, Gumani Pant, Birshali Pant, Bidhya Keshari Aryal. Shekhsadi is the famous literature of Farashi language. Tulsidas is the famous literature of Hindi language. Hasya kadamba is the first drama in Nepali language. Bishnu Sharma is the writer of Pancha Tantra. Hinbya Karni Bidhayapanti was the person to introduce lyrical poetry in Nepali literature. Moti Ram Era tradition of writing gazal and novel was started.

Eminent poets of different languages

Language

Name

Bengali

Rabindra Nath Tagore

Chinese

Lu Soum

English

Shakespeare

Farsi

Sedhasabi

French

Sali prodhuma

German

Goethe

Greece

Homer

Hindi

Tulsidas

Italian

Dante

Nepali

Bhanubhakta Acharya

Russian

Leo Tolstoy

Sanskrit

Kalidas

Urdu

Mirja Galib

Lekh Nath Poudel is the writer of Satyasmriti.Bal Krishna Samais known as the Natakkar in Nepal. Laxmi Prasad Devkota became 3 months Education Minister. Parizat was born in 1937 A.D (1990 B.S). The writer of Jai Bholi was Vairab Aryal. Ghata Raj Bhattarai, a literary critic passed away in 19th Shrawan, 2063 B.S.

Things to remember
  • Information on Social Including Traditions, Norms, Values, Religions, Ethnicity, Languages, Cultures, Arts and Literature
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
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