History of Nepal, Social, economic and political conditions of Kirat period, Lichchhavi period and Malla period

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This note is about the History of Nepal, Social, economic and political conditions of Kirat period, Lichchhavi period and Malla period with related videos, pictures data and information.
History of Nepal, Social, economic and political conditions of Kirat period, Lichchhavi period and Malla period

History of Nepal (From ancient period till now)

Social, economic & political conditions of Kirat period, Lichchhavi period & Malla period

  • What do you mean by history?

Ans: Fact oriented description of human activities, state affairs and human civilization of past with their dates and details is meant by history.

  • Write the sources of history?

Ans: Primary sources & Secondary sources

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  • What do we mean by primary sources of history?

Ans: Description of eyewitness categorically & impartially documented is called primary sources of history.

  • What do we mean by secondary sources of history?

Ans: Description based on facts but there are no eye witnesses rather other printed sources is called secondary sources of history.

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Historical Sources

Written sources

Oral sources

Artifacts & solid items

Genealogy

Tales

Icons/Idols ( statue)

Biography

Folksong

Paintings (Picture)

Literature (books)

Story, Myth

Buildings, Temple

Coins, Medals, Decoration

Interview

Bridge, Pond

Documents

Hearsay

Forts, Caves

Inscriptions

Statements

Arms weapons

Bhojpatra, Tadpatra

Advice

Artful collection

Palm leaf, Tamrapatra

Khando

Ornaments carets

Manuscript, bills, Vouchers

Jagaune

Cosmetics

Golden plants, Foreigners account

Crematoriums

Remnants

  • On which sources did Nepals history had been prepared?

Ans: Inspiration, Song, hearsay, Folktales, quotations, Manuscripts, Speeches and Decrees, coins, Government documents and issues, Foreigners Account, British India record, Genealogy

Kirati Period

  • Who was the first king of Kirat period?

Ans: Yalamber

  • How many years did Kirat period rule?

Ans: 1500 years

  • Which place was central of ruling in Kirati period?

Ans: Gokarna

  • Which religion does Kirati follow?

Ans: Shiva religion

  • From which period did king system start in Nepal?

Ans: Kirati Period

  • Who was the last king of Kirati period?

Ans: Gasti

  • In which period Mahabharat battle held?

Ans: Kirati period

  • Where was the capital city of Kirati?

Ans: Shankamul

  • Which dynasty ruled over Nepal before Kirati dynasty?

Ans: Avhir dynasty

Lichchhavi Period

  • From which resemble the Lichchhavi belong to?

Ans: Suryabanshi

  • Who was the first king of Lichchhavi period?

Ans: Jayadev

  • Which period is known as a Golden period of Nepal?

Ans: Lichchhavi period

  • How many years did Lichchhavi king Mandev rule?

Ans: 41 years

  • How many years did Lichchhavi king rule over Nepal?

Ans: 800 years

Name of some Lichchhavi Kings

  1. Mandev
  2. Haridatta
  3. Brishdev
  4. Shankerdev
  5. Dharmadev
  6. Basantadev
  7. Amshubarma
  8. Udayadev
  9. Bishnu gupta, etc.

Some temples and palaces built during Lichchhavi period

Temple/palace

Constructed by

Mangriha

Mandev

Kailashkut Bhawan

Amshuvarma

Bhadra Niwas

Narendradev

Changunarayan

Mandev

  • Which king was the first recorded king of Nepal from Lichchhavi period?

Ans: Mandev

  • Which king own Mallapuri?

Ans: Mandev

  • Which king introduced Bijaya Jatra in Nepal?

Ans: Mandev

  • Who built Manghriha?

Ans: Mandev

  • Which famous temple was built by Mandev?

Ans: Changu Narayan Temple

  • Who was the son of Mandev?

Ans: Mahidev

  • Who was the first king to write inscription?

Ans: Mandev

  • What was the name of Mandevs mother?

Ans: Queen Rajyawoti

  • What was the name of Mandevs father?

Ans: King Dharmadev

  • Who was the most famous king in Lichchhavi period?

Ans: Amshubarma

  • How many years did Amshubarma rule the country?

Ans: 16 years

  • Which king built Kailashkut Bhawan?

Ans: Amshubarma

  • Who was the writer of World Education?

Ans: Amshubarma

  • Who was Amshubarma's daughter married to?

Ans: Shrong Trong Gompo

  • Who was the daughter of Amshubarma?

Ans: Bhrikuti

  • To which dynasty did Amshubarma belong?

Ans: Thakuri dynasty

  • What is the relation of Shivadev and Amshubarma?

Ans: Amshubarma was Son in law of Shivadev

  • Which king ruled after Amshubarma?

Ans: Udayadev (son of Shivadev)

  • Who was Narendra Dev?

Ans: Son of Udayadev

  • How many years did Narendra Dev rule?

Ans: 36 years

  • Which king built artistic Bhadra Niwas?

Ans: Narendra Dev

  • Who was the first king to make lion figure in Royal chair?

Ans: Narendra Dev

Social condition of Lichchhavi Period

  • System was prevailing
  • Joint family system
  • Patriarchal society
  • Child marriage, double marriage, inter cast marriage and sati system was prevailing
  • Different kinds of ornaments were famous
  • Different kinds of Jatra for entertainment
  • For life living agriculture, animals rearing and trade was more
  • Literature and culture are preserved by the citizen too
  • Society was made under religion

Economic condition of Lichchhavi period

  • What was the main economic source in Lichchhavi period?

Ans: Agriculture

  • How many country did Nepal have trade relation?

Ans: 2 countries

  • Which good was the main export of the Nepal?

Ans: Carpet (Galaicha)

  • Name the types of land divisions in Lichchhavi period according to right people?

Ans: Royal land, Religious land and Public people land

  • In how many physical divisions land was classified in Lichchhavi period?

Ans: 3 (Three) types

Religious Condition in Lichchhavi period

  • Who published about the Hindu religious in Lichchhavi period?

Ans: Shankar Acharya

  • How many religious were followed in Lichchhavi period?

Ans: 3 Religious

  • Which two were important for the religious in Lichchhavi period in Kathmandu Valley?

Ans: Pashupatinath, Swoyambhu

Political condition in Lichchhavi period

  • What type of ruling system was there in Lichchhavi period?

Ans: Kingship system

  • What was the minister called in Lichchhavi period who gives advice or suggestions to the king?

Ans: Amatya

  • What do we know about the gram in Lichchhavi period?

Ans: Small village

  • What do we know about the down in Lichchhavi period?

Ans: Development Gram Village

  • What do we know about the Drang in Lichchhavi Period?

Ans: Trade Place

Condition of law and order on Lichchhavi period

  • Who made rules and regulation in Lichchhavi period?

Ans: Bhramins

  • Who was the source for the law and order?

Ans: King

  • How many justice places were there in Lichchhavi period?

Ans: 2 Places

  • In what basis law was made in Lichchhavi period?

Ans: Manusmriti

Malla Period

  • When did Malla period start?

Ans: After Lichchhavi period

  • How many years Malla dynasty ruled over Nepal?

Ans: 900 years

  • What do we call Malla period in another name?

Ans: Medieval period

  • Who was the first Malla king?

Ans: Ari Malla

Social condition in Malla period

  • Which Malla king was known as the social developer of Malla period?

Ans: Jayasthiti Malla

  • How did Prithvi Narayan Shah win in Kathmandu?

Ans: Due to economic blocked

  • In which religion Malla period was based?

Ans: Hindu religion

  • What type of family system prevails in the Malla period?

Ans: Joint-family system

  • What was the head of the family called?

Ans: Thakali

  • Who was in the top of ruling position in Malla period?

Ans: King

  • In which theory was Malla monarchy based?

Ans: Divine right theory of Kingship

  • What type of administration was followed by Malla period?

Ans: Feudal

  • Who were known as the King-makers?

Ans: The Pradhans of Patan

Economic condition of Malla

  • What was the main occupation of people in Malla period?

Ans: Agriculture

  • What are the main crops of Malla period people?

Ans: Rice, Maize, Sugarcane, Fruit, Vegetables

  • In how many class lands did Jayasthiti Malla divided?

Ans: 4 classes

  • What were the main income sources of government during Malla regime?

Ans: Customs and Land revenue

  • What types of product were exported to Tibet by Nepal?

Ans: Onions, Soya beans, Pots and image of brass

  • What types of product were imported from Tibet to Nepal?

Ans: Herbs, Salt, Tufts of yak-tails, Gold and Silvers

Main kings of Malla period

Jayasthiti Malla

  • How many years did Jayasthiti Malla rule?

Ans: 43 years

  • In how many casts was Newar divided?

Ans: 64

  • Which king introduced law book?

Ans: Jayasthiti Malla

  • What is the name of drama which was written by Jayasthiti Malla?

Ans: Bhairabnanda and Ramank

What are the social reforms done by Jayasthiti Malla?
  • Rituals for birth, marriage and death,
  • Society is divided into four caste and 18 sub-castes
  • Newar community is divided into 64 sub-castes

What are the economic reforms of Jayasthiti Malla?

  • Economic penalty is given for criminals
  • New system for the measurement of land introduce

  • Who was the last king of a united valley from Malla dynasty?

Ans: Yaksha Malla

  • In whose period was the valley divided?

Ans: Yaksha Malla

  • Which king started the process of keeping Bhatta Bhramins in Pashupatinath?

Ans: Yaksha Malla

  • Who built Dattatreya temple?

Ans: Yaksha Malla

  • How many years did Pratap Malla rule over Nepal?

Ans: 34 years

  • How many languages were known by Pratap Malla?

Ans: 15 languages

  • Who built Hanuman Dhoka?

Ans: Pratap Malla

  • Who introduced Seto Machchhindranath Jatra?

Ans: Pratap Malla

  • Which king is known as Kabindra history?

Ans: Pratap Malla

  • Name the Malla Kings of Kantipur.

Ans:

  • Ratna Malla
  • Shiva Singh Malla
  • Parthiwendra Malla
  • Mahendra Malla
  • Laxmi Narayan Malla
  • Nripendra Malla
  • Bhasker Malla
  • Pratap Malla
  • Shree Niwas Malla
  • Jaya Pratap Malla (Last king of Kantipur)

Malla Kings of Patan

Ratna Malla

Harihar Malla

Jayarudra Malla

Bhaskar Malla

Bishwojoti Malla

Shee Niwas Malla

Rana Malla

Bishnu Malla

Ram Malla

Yognarendra Malla

Mahindra Malla

Jay Pratap Malla

Ranjit Malla

Raya Malla

Bhupatindra Malla

Naresh Malla

Ranjit Malla (Last king of Bhadgaon)

Jitra Mitra Malla

Bishwa Malla

Jagat Praksah Malla

Trai lokya Malla

Pran Malla

Tej Narsingh Malla (Last king of Patan)

Indra Malla

Jay Prakash Malla

Some Facts

Yaksha Malla

Dattatraya temple (Bhaktapur)

Mahindra Malla

Temple of Taleju Bhawani (Patan)

He used to eat after knowing his people had taken mean

Pratap Malla

He could write poems in 15 languages

He was also called ‘Kabindra’

Jaya Prakash Malla

He established 21 taps (out of 22 taps at Balaju), built Kumari temple.

Things to remember
  • Social condition of Lichchhavi Period:
  • - System was prevailing
  • - Joint family system
  • - Patriarchal society
  • - Child marriage, double marriage, inter cast marriage and sati system was prevailing
  • - Different kinds of ornaments were famous
  • -Society was made under religion
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
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