Agriculture, Industry, Trade, Tourism, Transportations, Communication and Development Planning

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Agriculture, Industry, Trade, Tourism, Transportations, Communication and Development Planning


Agriculture is the main occupation of Nepal.74% percent of people are involved in agriculture in Nepal.

17.97% percent of the land is suitable for agriculture in Nepal. The National Agriculture Trade Regulation was promulgated in 2063 B.S. 28%percent of people in Nepal rear cattle.Theobstacles seen in the development of agriculture areTraditional farming, Lack of irrigation.

The agriculture means Tilling land to grow crops and rearing animals to get meat, milk and milk products and manure. Jhapa, Morang, Sunsari and Saptari are four main districts produce jute in Nepal. 40 percent of national income is sustained by agriculture. Ilam and Jhapa are two famous districts for tea cultivation in Nepal. Thecrops grow in Nepal can be divided in4 groups (Food crop, Cash crop, Fruit farming and Truck farming or vegetable farming). Rice, Maize, Wheat, Millet, etc. are some food crop are grown in Nepal. Jute, Sugarcane, Tobacco tea aresome cash crops that are grown in Nepal. Eastern Terai are the jute mills located in our country. According to 3 years plan (2069/2070) the target for income from the food crops is 9633 Thousand. The main crops of Nepal are Rice, Corn, Wheat. 1603 milk Association are running in Nepal. Tea is the worlds first cash crop.

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25°C to 32°C temperature is suitable for rice cultivation.In Present context 15 Lakh 56 Thousand Hector of land is being used for rice cultivation. Corn is the main food crop of Hilly region.

In present context 875 thousand Hector land is used for corn cultivation. The suitable temperature for corn cultivation is 21°C. Name some industrial crops of Nepal are Sugarcane, Tobacco, etc.

Gulmi district is famous for coffee production. Gurung community is mostly involved in rearing sheep. Jute cash crop is known as the brown paper of economy. Use of chemical fertilizer and intercede is the main reason for the decrease in land products. The total contribution of agriculture sector in G.D.P is 13 of total G.D.P


The industry meant Manufacturing of goods in small or large quantities by wing skills and resources is industry. The industrial Entrepreneurship was Act amended in2049 B.S. The first industrial Association was established in Nepal in 1993 B.S.

Hetauda Lime Industries

Thefirst Industrial Act was declared in Nepal in 2017 B.S. The first industry was established Biratnagar Jute mill in Nepal.

Biratnagar Jute Mill

There are 11 industry in Nepal.

Industries Estates of Nepal


Estb. Year


Balaju Industrial Estate

2016 B.S

Balaju, Kathamandu

Patan Industrial Estate

2020 B.S


Hetauda Industrial Estate

2020 B.S

Hetauda, Makwanpur

Dharan Industrial Estate

2030 B.S

Dharan, Sunsari

Nepalgunj Industrial Estate

2029 B.S

Nepalgunj, Banke

Pokhara Industrial Estate

2031 B.S

Pokhara, Kaski

Butwal Industrial Estate

2032 B.S

Butwal, Rupandehi

Bhaktapur Industrial Estate

2032 B.S


Birendrandranagar Industrial Estate

2038 B.S

Birendranagar, Surkhet

Dhankuta Industrial Estate

2041 B.S


Rajbiraj Industrial Estate

2044 B.S

Rajbiraj, Saptari

Problems to develop industries in Nepal

Nepalese industries are facing these listed problems:

  • Lack of capital
  • Lack of skilled manpower
  • Lack of proper marketing for finished products
  • Lack of proper government policy
  • Lack of scientific equipment
  • Industries are agro-based mostly, not diversified
  • Lack of transportation facilities
  • Lack of security, etc.


Trade meant Buying and selling goods. There are 2 types of trade. Internal trade and International trade (External trade).
Internal trade meant Buying and selling of goods product within the nation. External trade meant External trade isexchange of capital, goods and services across international borders or territories. The problems of foreign trade in Nepal are More import than export, Open border, Landlocked country, Increasing import of luxurious goods, etc. Trade surplus meant If the income from things to be sold is higher than the expense of things that are bought is called trade surplus. Trade deficitmeants If the income from things to be sold is less than expenses of the things that are bought is called the trade deficit. The full form of NTIS is Nepal Trade Integration Strategy. According to 3 yearplan 2069/070 10% increment is expected inyearly good export. Trade Minister or State Minister remains the president of the central level board of trade.Government of Nepa publicize New Nepal-United Trade Policy Report in 10thAshad, 2067 (2010). Noodles, Handicraft, Silver ornament, Steal rod, Pashmina and wool product, medicinal oil, handmade paper are listed in the export list from Nepal. Honey, Lentils, Tea, Ginger are the listed in the export list from Nepal. 11th Baisakh, 2061 B.S (23rd April 2004) Nepal get membership of WTO. World Trade Organization is the full form of WTO. America, Nepal has its largest international market in ready-made clothes. Nepal-India trade treaty renewed in 10th Kartik, 2066 (October 27, 2009). 30% percent of international trading is done with India. 80% percent of international trading is done with India before thirty (30) years. The 10th SAARC trade fair was organized in Kathmandu (Bhrikutimandap, Ramsahapath). The main objective of 10th SAARC trade fare was Tourism promotions, investment increment, and regional trade promotions. (Home & foreign) is tradecategorized. 10th SAARC trade fair organized on 29 Mangsir to 4Poush, 2067 B.S. The government of Nepal bring new Trade Policy in2067 B.S. According to lastyears statistics 61.2% percentage was the total trade loss of Nepal. The world business mean Remaining busy. In fiscal year2066/67 the total percent of foreign trade is 33%. C.FEwatsaid "Non-profitable businesses are not business".Nepal passed the proposal of SAFTA for the first time. 12th Ashwin, 2050 B.S Nepal pass the proposal of SAFTA.Themain slogan of 10th SAARC trade fair is Regional development through tradeThe import percent in total GDP is 8%. The export percent in totalGDp is 26%.


Tourism industries mean Those industries which are involved in producing goods and services which help the tourist. In October month mostly tourists come to Nepal. From Asia (59.9%) continent most of the tourists come to Nepal. Nepal Tourism Board was established in 16 Poush 2055 B.S.

World tourist day is celebrated on 27th September. The slogan of the tourism year 2011 was Together for tourism. Dennish Tito is the first space tourist. Anousheh Ansari is the first woman space tourist. Destination Nepal Year was the slogan of the year 2011 officially started. the tourism year 2011 officially was started in 14th January 2011 A.D (30th Poush, 2067 B.S). Emperor Ashoka is known as the first tourist in tourism history of Nepal. The adventurous tourism was started in Nepal on 29th May, 1953 A.D (16th Jestha 2010 B.S). Annapurna Conservation Area is the famous trekking route of Nepal. 10 lakhs tourists were targeted to visit Nepal in Nepal tourism year 2011. From India is the most of the tourist come in Nepal.There are 9 5star hotel in Nepal. There are 4 4star hotel in Nepal. 17 3star hotels are in Nepal. There are 36 2star hotel in Nepal. There are 41 1star hotel in Nepal.

Five Stars Hotels in Nepal



Soltee Crown Plaza

Kalimati, Kathmandu

Hotel Yak nand Yeti

Durbar Marga, Kathmandu

Hotel DeLa Annapurna

Durbar Marga, Kathmandu

Tara Gaon Regency

Bouddha, Kathmandu

Everest Hotel

New Baneshwor, Kathmandu

Hotel Fulbari Resort

Pokhara, Kaski

Malla Hotel

Thamel, Kathmandu

Shangri-la- Hotel

Panipokharai, Kathmandu

Hotel Radisson

Lazimpat, Kathmandu

Nepal Tourism Ministry was established in 12th Falgun, 2033.Officially home stay system was established in Nepal on 1st Bhadra, 2067 B.S. Solo Khumbu, Langtang, Helambu, Annapurna, Sailung, Rowaling, Manaslu, Gorkha, Dolpa are the main spots for main trekking route. Francereceives the largest number of tourists. Thefull form of IATA isInternational Air Transport Association. Prime Minister remains as the president of Nepal Tourism Council. Pokhara, Kaski is international mountaineering museum established. 4, 48,769 tourists entered in Nepal through airways in the year 2010. Nepal's first paragliding service started in Pokhara. The Himalayan Mountain Institute do Gives training about mountaineering. Europe continent Nepal receives the second largest number of tourist. The full form of ITE is International Tourism Exchange.


43 domestic airports are there in Nepal. 54airports are there in Nepal. The first airplane was landed in Nepal on 11th Baisakh, 2006 B.S. Tribhuvan Highway (2013) is the oldest highway of Nepal. Mahendra Highway is the longest highway of Nepal. India helps to construct Tribhuvan Highway. Simbhanjyang is the highest point of Tribhuvan Highway. 20th Kartik, 2017 B.S was the first plane crashed in Nepal.Mahendra highway was inaugurated on 1st Baisakh, 2019 B.S. Mahendra highway was first inaugurated at Nawalparasi, Gaindakot. 34 air services are currently running in Nepal. The total length of Kathmandu ring road is 27.2 Km. The length on Tribhuvan highway is 189 Km. The length of Siddhartha highway is 181.23 Km. The length of Prithvi highway is 173 Km. Manakamana Cable Car service was established on 8th Mangsir, 2055 B.S. The famous fast track joining Kathmandu to Terai inaugurated on 23rd Kartik 2066 (by Bijaya Kumar Gachhadar). The total length of Kathmandu Nijgad fast track is 76 Km. 113 Km long is a Nepalgunj-Surkhet highway. Nepal Airline is the first airline of Nepal. 120 permitted helipad are there in Nepal. The first rope way started in Nepal in 1st Mangsir, 2020 B.S. The first rope way was stopped running in 2054 B.S. The length of Araniko Highway is 112.83 Km. China helped to construct Araniko Highway. India is the country to have first air service treaty with Nepal. 22nd Kartik, 2053 B.S Government of Nepal allow the private airline to have international flight. 5 airports are at the state of under construction in Nepal. 35 countries have air service treaty with Nepal. 2031 B.S the first trolley bus service started in Nepal. The total distance of trolley bus from Tripureshwor Kathmandu to Bhaktapur Suryabinayak is 13 Km. The railway service started in Nepal on 1993. 20, 138Km total roads were constructed at the end of fiscal year 2066/67. 51 Km. the total length of the railway from Janakpur to Jaynagar. The first vehicle reached Jumla district of Karnali zone on 2063, Chaitra. At the end of fiscal year, 2066/671 districts headquarters are linked with road transportation.

National Highways/ Roads of Nepal

Highway name

Length (K.M)


Mahendra Highway



Tribhuvan Highway


Tripureshwor statue, Tripureshwor Sirsiya bridge, Birgunj border

Araniko Highway



Prithvi Highway



Mechi Highway



Koshi Highway



Sagarmatha Highway



Rapti Highway



Karnali Highway



Ratna Highway



Mahakali Highway



Seti Highway




Radio Nepal was started on 20th Chaitra, 2007B.S. F.M radio service was started 2052 B.S in Nepal.Radio Nepal initially called Nepal Democratic Radio. Radio Nepal broadcast news in 20 languages. At the end of fiscal year 2066/67 225 F.M stations are broadcasting. Nepal television was established in 2041 B.S. There are 3991 post offices in Nepal. 70% of the total population have got the television service. 80% of the total population used the radio service. The full form of WLL is Wireless Local Loop. Nepal Telecom start CDMA service in 23rd Magh, 2063. Prepaid mobile phone service started in Nepal at 6th Bhadra, 2060 B.S. the cellular mobile phone service started in Nepal at 1st Baisakh, 2056 B.S. Nepal Telecom was established at 1st Ashad, 2032 B.S. Nepal Telecom turned into the corporation in 1st Baisakh, 2061. The first weekly newspaper in Nepal was Awaz (Published on 8th Falgun, 2007 B.S). Gorkhapatra was the firstly weekly newspaper in Nepal. Gorkhapatra was published in 24th Baisakh, 1958 B.S for the first time. Gorkha Bharat was published in 1943 B.S for the first time. postal museum was established in 2028 B.S. postal service was started in 1875 B.S. Nepali printing press was started in 1908 B.S. Satya Haris Chandra was made in 2008 B.S. Aama is the first film made in Nepal. The film Aama was made in 2022 B.S. Gorkhapatra is the first newspaper published in the Nepali language. Manko bhad is the first film made by Nepali Film Corporation. Maitighar is the first film made from the private sector. Madan Janasewa Hall was the first cinema hall constructed in Nepal. Guru Dakshina is the first Nepali film made in the Sanskrit language. English daily "The Raising Nepal" was published in 1st Poush, 2022 B.S. In 28 Languages Gorkhapatra Corporation publishing its news article. Gorkhapatra started to print color in 1st Ashad, 2059 B.S. Nepali Fila Telic bureau was established in 2017 B.S. The first national Fila Telic exhibition was organized in 2023 B.S. Kantipur network & image metro television start its broadcasting in 29th Ashad, 2060. NTV2 start its broadcasting in 2060 Ashad 29. Gorkhapatra start publishing daily in 7th Falgun, 2017 B.S. Gorkhapatra start publishing in Multilanguage at 1st Aswin, 2064 B.S. The full form of FM is Frequency Modulation. the full form of DTH is Direct to Home. There are 2 television channels are in governments ownership. Wireless local loop technique was started in Kathmandu valley at 24th Bhadra, 2060 B.S. Radio Nepal is broadcasting in HW, MW, FM medium. The full form of AM is Amplitude Modulus. At the end of fiscal year, 2066/67 32 television channel are permitted by the government. 12 television channels are currently broadcasting. Nepal Television start its 24-hour broadcasting in 2063 B.S. Shushankhya is the Nepali name of the computer. 291 VDC are not still provided with the telephone service. The full form of MW is Medium Wave.

Development planning

National Planning Commission plans and implements development plan in Nepal. Development of infrastructure is the basic pillar for entire development of the nation. Development of rural infrastructure is the main base for the Rural Development. Development planning ministry was established in Nepal at 2nd Mangsir, 2008 B.S. In world economic decade India and China has most influential effect. Planning commission established in Nepal in 20th Poush, 2013 B.S.

Things to remember
  • Agriculture, Industry, Trade, Tourism, Transportations, Communication and Development Planning with related videos, information, data and pictures.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
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