Socialization

Subject: Social Studies

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Overview

Socialization is the process of social interaction by which people acquire those behaviors essential for effective participation in society, the process of becoming a social being. It is essential for the renewal of culture and the perpetuation of society. The individual and society are mutually dependent on socialization.
Socialization

Human beings live in the society. We are social animals. We learn many things in our lives. The lifelong process of social learning that shapes and reshapes us throughout our life as a member of society is called socialization. Socialization is the process of social interaction through which people acquire personality and learn the way of life. It is the continuous process of social learning.

Socialization is the process of introducing someone to group membership and training them to be an effective group member. Let's take a simple example of Socialization. When the baby is born in the society. He learns the attitudes, values, and actions appropriate to individuals as members of a particular culture. It is mainly influenced by the immediate family and friends. For example if a child saw his or her mother expressing a discriminatory opinion about a minority group then that child may think this behavior is acceptable and could continue to have this opinion about minority. Socialization makes him responsible towards the society. It prepares him to fit in the group and to perform social roles. It enables a man to be adjusted to the new social order. Likewise, Boot camp is a way of socializing individuals to be effective members of an army platoon. Employee orientation and training is a way to socialize people to be effective organizational members.

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A person learns to lead the patterns to lead a life in the society and to determine own roles and responsibility and also to recognize one another's position. It is a process of inducting the individual into the social world.

Elements of Socialization

Social interaction

b

A social interaction is an exchange between two or more individuals and is a building block of society. It is the process of exchanging views and ideas. This interaction brings people together and also polish the culture and tradition. Social interaction is all about talking, discussing certain issues, helping each other and co-operation. By interacting with one another, people design rules, institutions and systems within which they seek to live.


Language

d

Language is the ability to acquire and use complex systems of communication, Language is a means to exchange views, ideas, thoughts etc. It is also a system for the expression of thoughts, feelings, etc, by the use of spoken sounds. It seems very difficult to train a person into social order and to hand over our culture and traditions. It is the best means to make one's perspective clear to other and vice-versa.

Cultures and traditions

g

Cultures and traditions are also key elements in the socialization process of a human being. Every society possesses certain cultures and traditions. If a person is born and gradually develops the personality as per the guidelines of established social cultures and traditions. So, the Nepali culture is different from the western culture in many ways as clothing, marriage customs, use of language etc. than the eastern people.


Love, sympathy, and cooperation

g

Love, sympathy, and co-operation are the important elements of Socialization. It leads to the Socialization of the human being. Development of positivity and constructive mind-set promotes love, sympathy, and cooperation. The positive attitude germinates cooperation environment and negative mentality obstructs, which make people selfish and isolate them from social life. So, there must be love, sympathy, cooperation trust etc. to socialize a person and make a perfect social being.

Things to remember
  • The general process of acquiring culture is referred as Socialization.
  • Socialization is important in the process of personality formation.
  • Socialization is the process by which the individual learns social behaviour and develops himself.
  • It is the  way through which society transmits its culture from generation to generation and maintains itself.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
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Questions and Answers

Socialization is the process of introducing someone to group membership and training them to be an effective group member. It is a process of social interaction through which people acquire personality and learn the way of life. For example: When a baby borns in the society. Socialization makes him responsible towards the society. He learns all the things in the society. socialization occurs when a child learns the attitudes, values, and actions appropriate to individuals as members of a particular culture. It is mainly influenced by the immediate family and friends. For example if a child saw his or her mother expressing a discriminatory opinion about a minority group then that child may think this behavior is acceptable and could continue to have this opinion about minority.


Socialization is the process by which the individual learns social behavior and develop himself. The human infant comes into the world as biological organism with animal needs. He is gradually moulded into a social being and he learns social ways of acting and feeling. Without this process of moulding, the society could not continue itself and nor the individual become a person. So, Socialization is very important.

The elements of Socialization are listed below:

i) Social interaction

A social interaction is an exchange between two or more individuals and is a building block of society. It is the process of exchanging views and ideas. Social interaction is all about talking, discussing certain issues, helping each other and co-operation. By interacting with one another, people design rules, institutions and systems within which they seek to live.

ii) Language

Language is the ability to acquire and use complex systems of communication, Language is a means to exchange views, ideas, thoughts etc. It is alsoa system for the expression of thoughts, feelings, etc, by the use of spoken sounds.

iii) Cultures and traditions

Cultures and traditions are also key elements in the socialization process of a human being. Every society possesses certain cultures and traditions. If a person is born and gradually develops the personality as per the guidelines of established social cultures and traditions.

iv) Love, sympathy, and co-operation

Love, sympathy, and co-operation are the important elements of Socialization. It leads to the Socialization of the human being. Development of positivity and constructive mind-set promotes love, sympathy, and cooperation. The positive attitude germinates cooperation environment and negative mentality obstructs, which make people selfish and isolate them from social life. So, there must be love, sympathy, cooperation trust etc. to socialize a person and make a perfect social being.

Socialization is the process of introducing someone to group membership and training them to be an effective group member. The two institutions for Socialization are as follows:

1.The Family is a Socialization institutions where a child learns most of the things. So, every member of the family should teach the right thing to the children from early age.

2. School is also one of the Socialization institutions where a child learns social skills through our interactions with teachers, staff, and other students. For example, we learn the importance of obeying authority and that, to be successful, and many more.

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