Identification of Social Problems

Subject: Social Studies

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Those activities carried out on a personal level or by groups affecting others' personal rights health, liberty, dignity, security, social and cultural values are called social problems. For example: theft, trafficking, bullying etc.
Identification of Social Problems

We human beings have formed a society which gives us protection and strength for development. The same society has also nourished evils and perversions, known as social problems. Our ignorance, selfishness, inhumanity and ineffective might have caused them. Some of our traditions themselves have some superstitious and evil elements and have turned into social problems overtimes.

All social problems are socially generated. They are not a product of nature. Even environmental problems are not so. These problems need to be tackled at our earliest.

The following paragraphs briefly discuss the major types of our social problems.

Regional problems

Regional disparity is acute in our country. As for ecological zones, many Terai communities have a low level of social awareness and evil practices such as dowry system. The eastern Terai has Bhutanese refugee problem. Due to widespread superstition and ignorance, Chhaupadi, Badi, Deuki, Kamaiya, systems are common. Chhaupadi is a tradition of keeping women, during labour and period, away from home in poorly built huts or sheds. Some Badi women are still compelled to earn their living by giving sex for money. Kamaia are bounded labourers who are not given good wage and freedom of work. Deukis are young girls offered to temples in order to have wishes fulfilled. Child labour is high in all major city areas.

Problems related to Language

Nepal is a multilingual state. We have varied languages as the ethnicities, languages are our heritages. But traditionally the state has patronized certain languages- mostly Sanskrit in the past and Nepali in the modern time. As a result, many languages are declining and this is the loss of our heritages. English language, the first international language largely growing in use, has further overshadowed our local languages. English users consider themselves superior to others. No doubt we need English in modern time. But it uses should not overshadow local languages.

Problems related to gender

Predominantly Nepalese society is male-dominated. Women have always been suppressed and remained backward. They are victims of many discriminatory laws, traditions, norms and values. They strongly discouraged from taking equal parts in social economic and political affairs of the state. This practice has kept half of the population, who could equally contribute, discouraged. Balanced development of men and women represents true and sustainable development. Over recent times, some important legal arrangements and political commitments been made for gender equality and women empowerment but the implementation side have always remained poor.

Problems related to class

Nepalese society has always been a capitalist society where clear class discrimination prevails. The means and resources have not been equally distributed. More than 20% of the population live in absolute poverty. Real farmers, for instance, have got their own lands to cultivate whereas landowners don't even tread on their land and leave it uncultivated because they have other lucrative income sources. The gap between rich and poor is widening. Many are starving and a few are suffering from indigestion. Unemployment is deep-rooted. Such economic inequality has given ways to social evil practices like loot, robbery, theft, burgling, etc. Time and again dissatisfaction and stress triggered by class discrimination result in social revolts, too.

In addition, to these categorized above, we have many more problems. Some are traditional and unique to us. Some have been caused due to the application of new technology and influence of the western culture. Rapid population growth, environmental degradation, refugee problem, untouchability, girl trafficking and drug abuse are some of the other problems,

Solution to Social Problems

Social problems have drawn the attention of many aware people. Finding a solution to social problems is a concern of many people including those involved in social welfare.

  • It is essential to find out the root cause of problems. We should know that we have created these problems and nature has nothing to do with it. If we detect the actual factors behind the problems, we can find measures for their permanent solution.
  • Our social problems have been caused by various factors. Gender inequality and dowry system are the results of the male-dominated social structure while problems related to class, caste, language, and religion were caused due to our feudal political system that favored and fostered only certain factions of the society. A particular caste, a particular language, and a particular religion were always patronized while the mass of the rest was neglected and discouraged.
  • With the amendments in the constitutional provisions and other legal documents, substantial changes have taken place on the state looks upon the Nepalese society. But don't forget that legal management alone doesn't suffice. It is very important to put those managements into full practice, which is not so easy. Their full implementation is possible only when you, me and everyone have a strong commitment and motivation towards our common goal.
  • The government should legislate rules and launch program to raise public awareness. People should be informed about the hazards of social problems as well as their role towards the solution. Radio, TV, newspapers and magazines, clubs, etc can be very vital. Professionals, political cadres, non-governmental organizations and civil society, on the whole, can contribute a lot.
  • Social transformation cannot be achieved overnight. History shows that the many societies could get it only at the cost of many precious lives. If we work towards uprooting the causes, the solution will be permanent and sustainable. Those who are committed to their abolition must make others ready for the same. The action is important. You and me, who are dedicated that these things should not be let to continue should strive honestly, and set examples & encourage others.
Things to remember
  • The major types of our social problems are regional problems, Problems related to Language, Problems related to gender, Problems related to class.
  • Predominantly Nepalese society is male-dominated.
  • Nepalese society has always been a capitalist society where clear class discrimination prevails.
  • Rapid population growth, environmental degradation, the refugee problem, untouchability, girl trafficking and drug abuse are some of the other problems of Nepal.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Identification of Social Problems
Child Helpline
Deuvi Pratha
Gender issues in Nepal
Maiti Nepal - Champion of Womens Rights (In Nepali)
Menstruating in a chaupadi hut in Nepal
sati pratha Nepal
Questions and Answers

The nourished evils and perversions caused by our ignorance, selfishness, inhumanity and inefficiency is called social problems. The examples of social problems are dowry system, robbery, girls trafficking, untouchability, gender equality etc.

The list of social problems in the Nepalese society are as follows:
  • Girls trafficking
  • Refugee problem
  • Untouchability
  • Drug abuse
  • Child labor
  • Dowry
  • Sexual abuse
  • Gender discrimination
  • Lingual inequality
  • Racial inequality
No, we should not stop using English language in the name of saving our local languages as English is an internationally recognized language. English is the only language spoken all over the world. Protecting our local languages is a must but stopping the use of English language makes us incapable of speaking to the foreigners and if someday we visit the other countries it makes our living more difficult.

Superstition and Gender discrimination are two serious problems of our society as superstition blinds people and because of which they are forced to follow silly acts to fulfill their wishes. Following such acts would never fulfill their wishes but destroys the lives of animals and children and also creates a negative impact in the society. Belief has a limit but believing in something more than necessary is called superstition. In Nepal, superstition has led its roots very deep. Superstition is a bad practice in the society.

Gender discrimination relates to the discrimination done according to the gender of a human, which is not right. Male or female, both should be equally treated in the society. As discriminating discourages female population due to which females will always be left behind in every fields of life. In Nepalese society, gender discrimination is practiced in every part of country. Girl are not privileged to do simple things like going to school, choosing their career paths etc.

The problems such as girl trafficking, theft, robbery, murder, violence, anarchism etc. which appeared due to the social problems such as poverty, unemployment, etc. are called social evils. The bad practices such as superstition, witchcraft, dowry system, etc. are kept under social evils.

If the government gives the priority to one language to other languages, spoken within the country in a way others will be in the shadow, the other language speakers will feel difficult to expose the state language and it will so know by linguistic problems.

The social problems based on priority based on complexity are given below :
  • Girls Trafficking
  • Dowry system
  • Gender discrimination
  • Unemployment
  • Child labour
  • Alcoholism
  • Untouchability
  • Prostitution
  • Domestic Violence
  • Drug Abuse et

Really, gender inequality is a national problem, which is rooted all over Nepal. Its main cause is male dominant society, Nepal is a male dominated society. Even son and daughter are discriminated economically and academically. Domestic works and household works are the daily basis of women. Women have to spend much time in serving her husband and mother in law. Society and nation seems to have behaved with women as second-class citizens. Even legally, there are discrimination between man and woman. The women are taken as machine to produce children.

The traditional social problems, which are in practices for a long time in Nepal, are as :

  • Dowry system
  • Kamaiya system
  • Superstition
  • Alcoholism
  • Gambling
  • Untouchability
  • Gender discrimination
  • Child labour
  • Chhaupadi system
  • Ghumto system
  • Deuki system
  • Jhuma system, etc.
The modern social problems, which are caused after the development of science and technology, are as :
  • Changes in life style from tradition to modern
  • Unnecessary expenditure
  • Use of varied alcoholism
  • Prostitution
  • Girls trafficking
  • Use of drugs
  • Use of unnecessary ornaments
  • Imitation of western culture, etc.

Superstition is belief in something beyond logical reasoning. In the context of Nepal, superstition is a deep rooted social problem. Untouchability, witchcraft, child marriage, etc. are the examples of superstition practiced in Nepal. Superstition has shown obstacles for the development and for the social changes. Some men and women are misbehaved very inhumanely in the name of witchcraft. Women cannot get married after the death of their husband but men are allowed to get married after the death of wife. Women are made captive as housewives only. If it is menstruation period in women, they are not allowed to enter inside their home. Such superstitions have hindered rapid development of our country. So it is taken as social problems.

Following are the social problems prevalent in my community and their causes.
Social problems Causes
1. Castism and untouchability Lack of education and superstition.
2. Alcoholism and gambling. Unemployment and bad company.
3. Child labour. Poverty and iliteracy.
4.Witchcraft Lack of doctor and superstition.
5. Gender discrimination and dowry system. Iliteracy, imitation and superstition.
6. Domestic violence. Iliteracy, alcoholism and dowry system.
Problems Position now Solution measures
Gender discrimination Laws not properly implemented Publicize laws and raise awareness.
Untouchabality Still practiced in rural areas Strict punishment
Unemployment Widespread
Job opportunities should be provided by the government.
Dowry system Still practice both in cities and rural areas of Nepal One should be imprisoned if he is found giving or taking dowry

Problems related to class Still practice in villages of Nepal Strict rules should be implemented
Drug abuse Increasing in number Buying and selling of drugs should be banned and if found should be imprisoned
Refugee problems
Girls trafficking Increasing in number Publicize laws and raise awareness
Domestic violence Even laws not enough Strict rules should be implemented and awareness
Problems Solutions
Gender discrimination Publicize laws and raise awareness.
Untouchabality Strict punishment
Unemployment Job opportunities should be provided by the government.
Dowry system One should be imprisoned if he is found giving or taking dowry
Problems related to class Strict rules should be implemented
Drug abuse Buying and selling of drugs should be banned and if found should be imprisoned
Girls trafficking Publicize laws and raise awareness
Domestic violence Strict rules should be implemented and awareness

Public awareness is very important to solve social problems. Raising public awareness is not telling public what to do but it explains issues and disseminates knowledge to people so they can make their own decisions. Because of which people can understand the problems and find their solutions and therefore solve it.

Yes, social problems are created socially and need to be tackled socially. It is not that these social problems was self created but we social beings created it. We were the one who discriminated women, we didn't respected them, we abused them, we asked dowry, etc. If we never did this it could never have become a social problem and now that it has become a social problem we should solve them socially. We can solve them by many ways such as creating awareness, forcing government to make strict news not only this we should not take or give dowry. By this we can solve and stop social problems too.

To prevent untouchability and dowry system firstly, we should aware people not to give or take dowry as it is illegal, if you see people doing such activities its your duty to complain about the in the police as you are one of the member of this Nepal family. To prevent untouchability we should not believe in low cast system or high class because all men are created equally. Not only these if we see this its our duty to aware them that it totally illegal by this we can put little help to solve these problems.

I can solve the rooted social problems of my society through the means of education and awareness.

The nation can maintain the peace, security and stable politics so that several problems cannot grow.

As a conscious citizen, my duty is to serve for the society and nation. As I got education, I would try to remove drawbacks and wrong behavior found within my home, my society and me. Firstly, I would like to correct my attitude and behavior towards society. After that, my role to solve all kinds of problems is as follows:
a. I would provide education to all in my personal efforts.
b. I would conduct several awareness programmes among all the people.
c. I would help government to implement strict rule and regulations.
d. I would manage to settle or rehabilitate to victims and provide them skillful trainings.

There is common prevalence of child labour in our society. Its main cause is poverty. For this, every sector should be prepared to reduce poverty. Poor children should be assisted form everywhere. There are national and international laws against child labour. Although the laws have been made, they are not executed in our country. However, the laws must be followed by everyone. To follow the rules, we should start from our home. In the name of child labour, there will be several seminars, gosthis, programmes but I suggest implementing laws very strictly.


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