Subject: Social Studies
Corruption is an illegal act by an officeholder. It is the misuse of public power. It's like a virus, which has made hollow to our nation. It is the main problem of every country. Corruption is a global problem and occurs not only in developed but also in developing countries like Nepal. Corruption is a serious social problem in our country. It is the main obstacle to the development of Nepal. It is widespread and pervasive in the developing countries rather than in the developed countries. Nature of Corruption is multi-dimensional. It often occurs at the nexus of different areas and sectors. Corruption makes government poor. Corruption is living in that place or countries where the governance is poor.
We should know that not only public corruption but also private corruption between individuals and businesses could be harmful to the society and nation.Major corruption comes close whenever major events involving large sums of money, multiple ‘players’, or huge quantities of products (think of food and pharmaceuticals) often in disaster situations, are at stake.
We know that corruption will not disappear frclassom society. Our efforts are meant to restrict corruption and to protect as much as possible the poor and weak in our societies. In the end, all corruption costs are paid by the consumer and the tax-payer. They need protection. Nepal is a country among the countries of the high rate of corruption. If we don’t control corruption, development can’t be possible as expected. Rule of law is limited only in slogan if there is corruption. Corruption has been a hindrance for the political reforms. Corruption has weakened the accountability, transparency and good governance. Corruption has trickled into not only the private sector but also public sectors.
In our society, corruption discourages people to work together for the common goodamong the people. It creates frustration and general apathy among the public result in a weak civil society. Here, Demanding and paying bribes becomes the tradition. It also results in social inequality and gap between the rich and poor, civil strive, increased poverty. There will be lack of basic needs like food, water. There may increase jealousy and hatred and insecurity. Here are some of the effects of Corruption listed below:
The impact of corruption is very hard in public life as:
What is Corruption?
Corruption is an illegal act by an officeholder. It is the misuse of public power. It's like a virus, which has made hollow to our nation. It is the main problem of every country. Corruption is a global problem and occurs not only in developed but also in developing countries like Nepal. Corruption is a serious social problem in our country.
Write the causes of Corruption?
As we know that Corruption is like a Virus, which cause hollow to the nation. The causes of Corruption are as follows:
Low Pay scales/ Wages:
Most of the employees in government sector are paid low wages and salaries. Hence, some employees revert to corruption for more financial benefits.
Lack of Strict and fast punishments:
Even if someone is found guilty or even caught red-handed by the anti-corruption officials or media, the convicts get less punishment. First, they will be suspended for few months or weeks and then re-posted to another location with same Job grade and pay.
Low Job opportunities.
This is another cause of corruption. Due to lack of job opportunities at will, there are many people who like to go for corruption mode to get the job offer.
Lack of transparency in affairs and deals:
Many seat selection processes like in education, contracts for job, employee income reports (wealth possession), etc lack transparency.
.Lack of enough powers to the judicial system:
Like the election commission cannot ban a politician from contesting in case they make a mistake or do not comply with the rules during. Similarly, the judicial system has low options to punish someone who is found to be.
What are the effects of Corruption?
The effects of Corruption are listed below:
The impact of corruption is very hard in public life.
Violation of laws and Order.
Question mark on the prestige of a nation.
The question marks about system and leadership.
Lack of quality in services
Lack of proper justice
Lack of respect for rulers
Lack of faith and trust on the governments
Decrease in foreign investment
Lack of development
Differences in trade ratio’s
Write some of the government plans, doing for the control of Corruption?
Government plays an important role for the control of the Corruption. Here are some of the points listed below:
1. Media have been playing a vital role by reporting and publishing the news of corruption with high priority.
2. Nepal has signed in International Convention, 2063 respective to corruption control. It's endorsed by the parliament of Nepal in - 2011 A.d.
3. .Special Court has special jurisdiction of a permanent nature to adjudication of “corruption and money laundering cases” filed by the CIAA and DMLI.
4. There has been lots of awareness generating programmes being conducted by nongovernmental organizations about corruption.
5. Corruption has been included in the school curriculum to make students aware of it and its consequences.
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