Religious Tolerance and Secularism

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Overview

Secularism is a state of having no official or state religion.According to Article 4 of the Interim Constitution 2063 B.S., Nepal is an independent, indivisible, sovereign, secular, inclusive, federal, democratic republican state.
Religious Tolerance and Secularism

The word' tolerance' means to accept different Nature of religious and social characteristics comfortably. In addition, the term religious tolerance is the ability to respect other religion equally. We can see a perfect example of religious tolerance in Nepal. .Here, we can find Hindu, Christian Muslim and soon. Living together in same society, helping each other, celebrating each other festival, and respecting all religion .in my view, we people are connected with each other with humanity by birth no by religion.

Secularism is a state having no official or state religion. It means treating people of different religion equally. It gives concept that no religion is less or more important but instead of big or small, all religion is equal In secularism political and civic affairs are not influenced by any particular religion. Religious equality and freedom are maintained there. Secularism helps promote religious tolerance, which is required to maintain peace, co-operation, and unity among people. Lack of religious tolerance brings hostility, division, and clashes.

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We can also have a look in our history that famous kings or any other personality in Nepal. Nepal has maintained Religious tolerance. Lord Gautama Buddha was also a perfect examples He introduced Buddhism although he was from Hindu background.

Nepal's religious sites

lumbini.jpg

Nepal is a sacred land for Hindus and Buddhists. Lumbini, the birthplace of Gautam Buddha, is a place or reverence for Buddhists all over the world. Pashupatinath, Muktinath, Devghat etc are among the most important sites for Hindus. Especially Kathmandu is popular as the city of temples. Walking through the streets of the city is like exploring a living museum. Places of interest to visit in Nepal for observing artistic beauties explicit in architecture and sculpture of different historical periods are many. Some representing the districts are:

S.N. Districts Pilgrimage sites S.N. Districts Pilgrimage sites
1 Jhapa Satasi dham 39 Myagdi Jaleshwor Mahadev
2 Iilam Bauddha dham, Maisthan, larumba 40 Parvat Gupteshwor and Modiveni
3 Panchthar Singh devi, gupteshwor mahadev 41 Baglung Kaliaka mandir, Bhiravsthan
4 Taplejung Pathivara bhagwati 42 Gulmi Arjun mandir, Resunga, Rudraveni
5 Morang Viratkali 43 Palpa Rishikeshav
6 Sunsari Budha subba, varahkshetra 44 Nawalparasi Triveni, Balmika ashram
7 Dhankuta Chhingtan Devi, Margastan 45 Rupandehi Mayadevi, Baudha stupa
8 Tehrathum Singhabahini 46 Kapilbastu Tauleshwor mahadev, tilaurakot
9 Sankhuwasabha Siddhakali, manakamana 47 Arghakhachi Bhagwati mandir, supaki deurali
10 Bhojpur Singhakali, chandisthan 48 Pyuthan Swargadwari
11 Sihara Salahesh temple 49 Rolpa Bajuvarah
12 Saptari Chhinamasta bhagwati 50 Rukum Kalikadevi
13 Udayapur Chaudandi Devi 51 Salyan Salyan bhagwati
14 Khotang Halesi mahadev 52 Dang Chaugheramai
15 Okhaldhunga Champa devi 53 Banke Bageshwori, masjid
16 Solukhumbu Syangboche gumba 54 Bardia Timkodiya
17 Dhanusha Ram janaki mandir 55 Surket Deuti bajyai, Kankrevihar
18 Mahattori Jaleshwor mahadev 56 Dailekh Panch tirtha, jwaladevi
19 Sarlahi Rajwa shivalaya 57 Jajarkot Painkmasta mandir
20 Sindhuli Kuleshwor mahadev 58 Dolpa Tripura sundari
21 Ramechap Kewaleshwor, Sailungeshwar 59 Jumla Chandannath, Bhairabnath
22 Dolakha Bhimeshwor 60 Mugu Kalika, Malika gadi
23 Makwanpur Bhimsen, Churiyami, Bhutandevi 61 Humla Badpale, Halji baudhha gumba
24 Bara Gadimai, Kankai devi 62 Bajura Badi malikka bhagwati
25 Parsa Maisthan, alakhyamath 63 Bajhang Jalapadevi, Surmadevi, Dhandarmasta
26 Chitwan Someshworkali, devghat 64 Accham Bardadevi, Gajra, Baidhyanath
27 Sindhupalchowk Larke jhyang 65 Doti Saileshwori mandir
28 Nuwakot Bairabi mandir 66 Kailali Shivaji mandir, Beda mandir
29 Kavrepalanchowk Palanchok bhagwati, Namobuddha 67 Kanchanpur Siddhibaba, Jwlaadevi
30 Rasuwa Gosinkunda 68 Dadeldhura Ugratara Devi
31 Dhading Gupteshwor mahadev, nilakantha 69 Baitadi Janannath Mandir, Mailoli Devi
32 Gorkha Gorakhnath, Manakamana 70 Darchula Tapovan, Mallikarjan
33 Lamjung Kalika, ishaneshwor 71 Bhaktapur Nyatapola, Taleju Bhawani, Dattatraya
34 Tanahu Dhorbaraha, Devghat 72 Kathmandu Pashupatinath, swayambhu, Jame Masjid
35 Syangja Alamdevi, Garhaunkali 73 Lalitpur Krishna Mandir, Buddha Vihar, Church, Banglamukhi
36 Kaski Vindyabasini, Talbarahi, Santistupa 74 Kalikot Tripurasundari Devi
37 Manang Chhekgumba 75 Rautathat Shivaji Mandir, Masjid
38 Mustang Muktinath, Narsing gumba
Things to remember
  • Secularism is a state of having no official or state religion.
  • In the 18th century, enlightenment thinkers attacked classical traditions and religious authorities which were suppressors and exploiters.
  • Lumbini, the birthplace of Gautam Buddha, is a place or reverence for Buddhists all over the world.
  • Pashupatinath, Muktinath, Devghat etc are among the most important sites for Hindus.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Religious Tolerance and Secularism
Buddha Statues Swayambhunath Stupa
Lumbini Tour Nepal, Birth place of Budhha
Pashupatinath Temple in Kathmandu, Nepal
Vatsala Durga Hindu temple at Bhaktapur, Nepal
Questions and Answers
Nepal was declared a secular state by the historic 'Declaration of the House of Representatives 2063' proclaimed on 4th Jyestha, 2063 BS.
There is many importance of religious tolerance because religious tolerance maintains peace, co-operation and unity among people. Secularism helps in the promotion of religious tolerance as it maintains religious equality and freedom.
According to the Interim Constitution of Nepal 2063 B.S , 'Nepal is an independent, indivisible, sovereign, secular, inclusion, federal, democratic republican state. 'This constitution has made a clear provision for religious freedom and tolerance in 'Right to Religion', Article 23.
Yes, walking through the streets of Kathmandu is like exploring a living museum as Kathmandu is full of temples, religious sites. The Pashupati temple is also popular for its religious value as well as beauty. Most of the tourists come to visit Kathmandu to see the Pasupathinath. Kathmandu Darbar square also adds beauty to the streets of Kathmandu. Rani pokhari, Dharara, Ghantaghar,etc are so beautiful that it makes streets of Kathmandu look more beautiful. Thus, it makes the tourists feel like exploring living museum.

Tolerance means capacity for recongizing and accepting religious or social characteristics that is different.

Religious tolerance refers to the ability to tolerate other religions.

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