Difference between Culex and Anopheles Mosquitoes

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This note provides information about differences between culex and anopheles mosquito with respect to egg, larva, pupa and adult.
Difference between Culex and Anopheles Mosquitoes

Difference between Culex and Anopheles Mosquitoes

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EGG

culex Anopheles
Eggs are vertically laid in clusters on the surface of the water. Eggs are laid singly and horizontally on the surface of the water.
Eggs are cigar shaped. Eggs are boat shaped.
Eggs of culex mosquito are not provided with lateral air floats. Each egg has two lateral air floats, which help them in floatation.
Eggs are laid on dirty water. Eggs are laid on clean water.

LARVA

Larva of culex mosquito is bottom feeder. Larva of anopheles mosquito is surface feeder.
The respiratory siphon is long. The respiratory siphon is short.
It forms an angle inside water. It remains parallel with water surface.

PUPA

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The pupa is colourless. The pupa is green.
The respiratory trumpets are long and narrow. The respiratory trumpets are short and wide.
The abdomen is less bent. The abdomen is more bent.

ADULT

Body is provided with stouter legs. Body is provided with delicate legs.
Wings are transparent and can fly for long distance. Wings are spotted and cannot fly for long distance.
There is presence of small palpi near proboscis. The proboscis and palpi have same length.
At rest body lies parallel to the surface. At rest body is inclined at an angle of 45 ͦ to the surface.
It transmits filarial parasite. It transmits malarial parasite.

Things to remember
  • Plasmodium is an intracellular blood parasite which causes malarial fever.
  • Eggs of culex are vertically laid in clusters on the surface of the water whereas of anopheles are laid singly and horizontally on the surface of the water.
  • Larva of culex mosquito is bottom feeder whereas of anopheles mosquito is surface feeder.
  • The culex mosquito transmits filarial parasite.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
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Questions and Answers
We can distinguish culex and anopheles mosquito by looking the lying position on the ground. Culex mosquito lies horizontal to the surface where as anopheles mosquito make some angle with horizontal.
The differences between egg of culex and anopheles mosquito are:
Culex Egg Anopheles Egg
i) An egg in the shape of cigar. i) An egg is boat shaped.
ii) Eggs are laid on dirty water. ii) Eggs are laid on clean water.
iii) They laid vertically on the surface of water. iii) They laid horizontally on the surface of water.
The differences between pupa of culex and anopheles mosquito are as follows:
Culex pupa Anopheles pupa
i) It is colourless. i) It is green in colour.
ii) The abdomen is less bent. ii) The abdomen is more bent.
When an infected female anopheles mosquito bites, saliva of mosquito enters into the blood. Then these parasites multiply the number in liver and again transported to the red blood cell. So, alternately person suffers from malarial fever.
The parasite causing malarial fever lives in the red red blood cells, liver of man, salivary glands and alimentary canal of mosquitoes
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