Subject: Grammar

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In grammer, Transformation is a type of syntactic rule or convention that can move an element from one position to another in a sentence. It is the the rules for transforming one type of sentence into another (affirmative into negative, simple into compound or complex, and so forth).

Dayahang Rai is one of the famous artist of Nepali flim Industry. He has worked in different flims. (A TV reporter is asking questions to Dayahang Rai)

Ramesh : Hello, Dayahang dai. What are you doing nowadays?

Dayahang : Hello, brother. Nowadays iam busy in the promotion of my New flim' Bir Bikram'. Quite busy nowadays.

Ramesh : What types of role do you play?

Dayahang : I play according to the script given by the director. I do not play if i don't like the script.

Ramesh : Which type of flim is 'Bir Bikram'?

Dayahang : It's the Lovestory movie. I hope people will enjoy this movie.

Ramesh : Have you ever played the Negative role?

Dayahang : I am the Artist. I have to play different roles. But, I have not played negative role yet. I don't think my Character in 'Loot' movie' is negative.

Ramesh : Most of the flims played by you are successful. Why?

Dayahang : I don't know. But i work hard. I feel the script. That's it.

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Ramesh : People says you don't know to dance.

Dayahang : I accept this. As i don't have learned dance before, I am not doing well. But I am learning nowadays.

Ramesh : We heard that you have the rumour with one girl.

Dayahang : I don't care about the rumours. It was not truth. I have the family.

Ramesh : I think, you like to visit? What type of place do you like to visit?

Dayahang : I like the natural beauty. I like Pokhara, Mustang, Illam to visit.

Ramesh : Say Something about your new project.

Dayahang : Well, I have signed the new project. I will be busy for 6 months.

Ramesh : At last, What would you like to say to the viewers?

Dayahang: I would like to Thank all my well wishers and viewers for loving me. Keep on loving me. And, Thank you soo much too you.

Ramesh : Thank you. It's my pleasure.

We use different sentences to assert something or to ask questions.

I am the Artist.← It asserts YES. It is an affirmative(positive) sentence.
I do not play if i don't like the script.← It asserts NO. It is a negative sentence.

Have you ever played the Negative role?← It asks a question. It seeks an answer in YES or NO. It is an interrogative sentence. It is also called a Yes/No question.

Grammer Study: How to Transfer Sentences?

Follow the following steps to transform sentences:
Does the sentence have an auxiliary verb?


He will learn to dance


He dance well.

Insert 'not' after the auxiliary verb to make negative.

He will not learn to dance.

Is the main verb v1, v2 or v5?

He dance well.

Keep the auxiliary verb before the subject to make interrogative.

Will he not learn to dance?

Insert 'do not/did not/does not' after the subject to make negative.

He do not dance well.

Do he dance well?


If there is an auxiliary verb in a sentence, do not change the form of a main verb while transforming the sentence.

He is singing a song.

He has sung a song.


He is not singing a song.

He has not sung a song.


Is he singing a song?

Has he sung a song?

Always change the forms of verbs when you add or remove 'did/does' to transform sentences.

He wrote a letter. (affirmative)

Did he write a letter? (interrogative)

He did not write a letter. (negative)

Does he play football? (interrogative)

He plays football. (affirmative)

She did not write a letter. (negative)

She wrote a letter. (affirmative)

Some More Rules

1. We usually change affirmative imperatives into negative as follows:

Verb + .......... Shut the window.

Do not + verb + ....... Don't shut the window

Let + object + verb + ....... Let her dance.

Let + object + not + verb + .... Let her not dance.

2. These words change while transforming sentences.

Some-any already-yet too- either

and So- and either several- any a lot of - much/many

He has already danced.

I wrote a letter and so did my sister.

He has not danced yet. Has he danced yet?

I didn't write a letter and neither did my sister.

3. Only changing these words, we can change the sentences into negative. We don't need to take the help of 'not'.

Always - never

either..or.. - neither... nor....

some (begining) - no

some of /any of (begining) - none of

Reeta always wears a red dress. Reeta never wears a red dress.

Somebody broke the vase. Nobody break the vase?

Some of them are in the hall. None of them are in the hall.

4. The parallei structure in sentences take the same forms of auxiliary verbs.

She likes oranges and so does her sister. He is not a dancer. Neither is her mother.

I can play basketball but she can't. I like Chicken pizza but they do not.

5. Common errors:

Incorrect Correct
He does not eat pizza. He does not eat any pizza.
Does Saroja sings songs? Does Saroja sing songs?
Have you not wrote a letter? Have you not written a letter?
Renu liked meat but sapana doesn't. Renu liked meat but Sapana didn't.

Things to remember
  • It asserts YES. It is an affirmative(positive) sentence.
  • It asserts NO. It is a negative sentence.
  • If there is an auxiliary verb in a sentence, do not change the form of a main verb while transforming the sentence.
  • If there is an auxiliary verb in a sentence, do not change the form of a main verb while transforming the sentence.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.

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