Subject: Enviroment Population and Health
The division of the population according to its political, geographical and administrative division is called population distribution. The arrangement of people living in a particular given area is also known as population distribution. Population distribution helps to do smooth development in every part of the country . Due to the population distribution data, it makes easy to make plan and policies of a country which will help to give proper facilities, services, and accessibility to the people .
Table : Percent Distribution of Population bu Development region . Nepal 2001-2011 AD.
Distributionof Land Area ( %)
|Distribution of Population (%) |
This table shows that in 2011 AD more than one third Nepalese population live in Central Development Region and less than 10 percent in the Far-western Development Region. It means in central development region there is more facilities, services, and opportunities which are needed by the people. Whereas due lack of facilities, opportunities, and services in a Far western region there are fewer people.
Population Distribution by Ecological Region: According to Nepal's geographical region it is divided into three ecological regions. They are Hill , Terai, and Mountain region. It divided into three region is due to its landform and climatic condition also. We can see in Mountain region lots of mountains and very cold climatic whereas in Hill region there is subtidal climate and fertile land then mountain region but not more the Terai region where they can grow crops . Likewise in Terai region , a climate is hot but land is very fertile due to which lots of cash crop grow from that region . There is the table which shows ecological regions for the census years 2001 and 2011 AD.
|Ecological Region || |
Distribution of Land Area (%)
Distribution of Population (%)
This table shows that population of Terai region is increasing rapidly. On 2001 AD it was 48.4% whereas in 2011 AD it was 50.27% it. Likewise the population of Hill region id decreasing day by day. In 2001 AD it was 44.3% and in 2011 AD it was 43%It shows due to dense forest and fertile land the population of Terai region is increasing.
|Place of Residence || |
Distribution of Population (%)
The urban population was 13.9% on 2001 AD whereas in 2014 AD the population was 27.2%. It means the population of urban area is decreasing day by day . Whereas in the rural area the population was 86. 1% in 2001 AD and in 2014 AD population decrease to 72.8%. The urbanization process in Nepal is increasing slowly because of migration from the rural to the urban .
Describe the population distribution of Nepal ?
In Nepal , there are two types of population distribution . One is regional distribution . There are five regions . Among them, central development region has occupied one-third population and eastern has the second position with one-fifth population whereas western , mid-western and far western development regions have third , fourth and least population distribution .
Another distribution is an ecological distribution of the population . Under this distribution, the population has been split into three parts . One is Terai which has near about half of total population and Mountain has less than one tenth of total population .Although Hilly region is the biggest , the distribution of population is far less than 50% . Hilly region and Mountain region are losing their percentage from pervious census .
What are the causes of high growth of population in Terai region ?
The high growth of population in Terai region is because of migration from mountain and hill , growth of the population in the Terai region itself and immigration from outside i.e. from other neighbouring countries .
What are the determinants of population distribution ?
The determinants of population distribution are as follows :
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