Population Distribution

Subject: Enviroment Population and Health

Find Your Query

Overview

From 1972 the concept of development region was enter in Nepal . From that year , Nepal was divided into five development region . Eastern , Central , Western, Far western and Mid-Western development region.
Population Distribution

The division of the population according to its political, geographical and administrative division is called population distribution. The arrangement of people living in a particular given area is also known as population distribution. Population distribution helps to do smooth development in every part of the country . Due to the population distribution data, it makes easy to make plan and policies of a country which will help to give proper facilities, services, and accessibility to the people .

  • Population Distribution by Development Region: As we know that Nepal is developing a country. From 1972 the concept of development region was enter in Nepal . From that year, Nepal was divided into five development region. Eastern, Central,Western,Midwestern, and Farwestern.
    source :asiapacific.anu.edu.au Fig : Population Distribution by Development Region.
    source: asiapacific.anu.edu.au
    Fig: Population Distribution by Development Region.
    Far western and Midwestern development region. Due to the development of different region people who started to live in the region whereas started to leaving the development area which is not developed. The distribution of development region is shown in the table:

Table : Percent Distribution of Population bu Development region . Nepal 2001-2011 AD.

Abroad Studies Opportunities

Development Region

Distributionof Land Area ( %)
Distribution of Population (%)

2001 2011
Eastern 19.3 23.09 21.93
Central 18.6 34.09 36.45
Western 20.6 19.74 18.60
Mid-Western 28.8 13.01 13.39
Far Western 13.3 9.47 9.63
Nepal 100.0 100.00 100.00

This table shows that in 2011 AD more than one third Nepalese population live in Central Development Region and less than 10 percent in the Far-western Development Region. It means in central development region there is more facilities, services, and opportunities which are needed by the people. Whereas due lack of facilities, opportunities, and services in a Far western region there are fewer people.

Population Distribution by Ecological Region: According to Nepal's geographical region it is divided into three ecological regions. They are Hill , Terai, and Mountain region. It divided into three region is due to its landform and climatic condition also. We can see in Mountain region lots of mountains and very cold climatic whereas in Hill region there is subtidal climate and fertile land then mountain region but not more the Terai region where they can grow crops . Likewise in Terai region , a climate is hot but land is very fertile due to which lots of cash crop grow from that region . There is the table which shows ecological regions for the census years 2001 and 2011 AD.

Ecological Region


Distribution of Land Area (%)

Distribution of Population (%)
2001 2011
Mountain 35 7.3 6.73
Hill 42 44.3 43.00
Terai 23 48.4 50.27
Nepal 100 100 100

This table shows that population of Terai region is increasing rapidly. On 2001 AD it was 48.4% whereas in 2011 AD it was 50.27% it. Likewise the population of Hill region id decreasing day by day. In 2001 AD it was 44.3% and in 2011 AD it was 43%It shows due to dense forest and fertile land the population of Terai region is increasing.

  • Population Distribution by Rural-Urban Area : The area which is developed and where we can find the number of people is known as urban area whereas the area which is under developing and in where we can find less number of people is known as Rural area For example Kathmandu and Solukhambu. In both areas, we can find people but the different is that in a rural area we can find transportation, hospital , colleges , electricity , communications etc but in the rural areas there is minimum facilities, modernization and accessible etc. The following table shows the Population distribution by rural-urban areas. on 2001 and in 2011 AD.
    source:thehimalayantimes.com Fig : Population Distribution by Rural -Urban Area
    source:thehimalayantimes.com
    Fig : Population Distribution by Rural -Urban Area
Place of Residence


Distribution of Population (%)

2001 2011 2014
Rural area 86.1 83.1 72.8
Urban area 13.9 17.0 27.2
Nepal 100 100 100

The urban population was 13.9% on 2001 AD whereas in 2014 AD the population was 27.2%. It means the population of urban area is decreasing day by day . Whereas in the rural area the population was 86. 1% in 2001 AD and in 2014 AD population decrease to 72.8%. The urbanization process in Nepal is increasing slowly because of migration from the rural to the urban .

Things to remember
  • The distribution of population according to the geographical structure , political and administrative dividion is known as population distrubation.
  • There are three ecological region .They are hill , Mountain and  Teria region.
  • People of Nepal both live in rural and urban area.
  • In 1972, the concep of development region was first introudce in Nepal.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Questions and Answers
Distribution of population means the geographical arrangement of the population in a space at a given time, or it may be among various types of residential areas.
Any two factors that affect the distribution of population of a particula area are geographical and developmental factors.
Any three ecological regions of Nepal are Mountain, Hill and Terai.
The total percentage of population distribution in Mountain Region of Nepal according to 2011 AD census is 6.73%
The total percentage of population distribution in Terai Region of Nepal according to 2011 AD census is 50.27%.
The total percentage of population distribution of Eastern Development Region of Nepal according to 2001 AD census is 21.93%.
The total percentage of population distribution of Wesstern Development Region of Nepal according to 2011 AD census is 18.60%.
The total percentage of population distribution of Central Development Region of Nepal according to 2001 AD census 34.09%.
The percentage of population distribution of rural area of Nepal according to 2014 survey is 72.8%.
The percentage of population distribution of urban area of Nepal according to 2011 AD census is 17.0.

In Nepal , there are two types of population distribution . One is regional distribution . There are five regions . Among them, central development region has occupied one-third population and eastern has the second position with one-fifth population  whereas western , mid-western and far western development regions have third , fourth and least population distribution .

Another distribution is an ecological distribution of the population . Under this distribution, the population has been split  into three parts . One is Terai which has near about half of total population and Mountain has less than one tenth of total population .Although Hilly region is the biggest , the distribution of population is far less than 50% . Hilly region and Mountain region are losing their percentage from pervious census .

The high growth of population in Terai region is because of migration from mountain and hill , growth of the population in the Terai region itself and immigration from outside i.e. from other neighbouring countries . 

The determinants of population distribution are as follows :

  • Topography 
  • Fertile soil
  • Safety and security
  • Climate 
  • Transport , trade and industry .
Quiz

© 2019-20 Kullabs. All Rights Reserved.