Subject: Enviroment Population and Health
In this system, the various events like birth ,death, marriage, divorce and migration are been recorded. The vital registration system was started in England in the 16th century for the first time. It is the important sources of demographic data. It is also known as the civil registration system. The statistical recording of vital events which includes: birth, death, divorce, migration, marriage, adoption, etc. Which is useful for population data. It is also the reliable source of population data. All the data which we get from it are said as vital statistics. It helps to follow the government to formulate, plan and implement the activities on the economic, educational health and transportation services and facilities.
The VRS(Vital Registration System) record of Churchmen, in 1608 AD Sweden adopted VRS; which is known as the first scientific VRS in the world. In 1610 AD VRS was started in Canada where as in 1628 AD in Finland, 1646 AD in Denmark and Norway in 1684 AD was started. Whereas the England arrange VRS in 1837 AD as a legal basis.
|Country||Year ( in AD )|
The Vital Registration Act in Nepal in Nepal was passed in 2033 BS (1976 AD). Its regulation passed on 2034 BS. Whereas the actual Vital Registration Operation started since 2035 Baisakh 1st (14th April 1978 AD).
Characteristics of Vital Registration System
Coverage of information in the Vital Registration System
Sample survey is also another important source of population data. It is the process of collecting, compiling, evaluating and publishing demographic, social and economic data about the sampled population. The overall population of a place or the country is given in the sample survey. In simple word, it is the method of collecting data of the population. It helps us to keep the record of the population.
The Sample Survey was started in the world from the 19th century for the first time in England. It became so popular after 1950 AD around 400 knowledge. Attitude and Practice survey have been organized in the world .Sample survey was conducted in Nepal on 1974/75 , 1976/77 and 1977/78. It has special important in different types of research and studies. Sample survey is more qualitative which always provides current data.
It is also the important source of population data. It also helps to collect the population data. The complete national population is not included in this types of record. Only the different types of offices and organization are recorded which they need for their official purpose. These data are also important for planning, research and studies. All the school administrative they also keep the record of students by the particular in which we can know mother tongue, castes, religious of the students which help to keep record of the student on the databases. It help to keep the regular record of the important events of each citation in a particular country.
According to the UN, population register is a mechanism which will provide for the continuous recording of information about the population in such a manner that data on particular events related to each as well as selected characteristics describing him are maintain on a current basis ."It is an important date keeping because it keeps the record from birth to the death of the people." This method is very popular in the developed country .Like . Italy , Belgium ,Denmark etc.
What do you mean by Sample Survey ?
Sample survey is one of the vital sources of the population used in different countries . In short time and with less use of financial resources , detailed figures of population will be obtained through sample survey .
What are the sources of population data ? List them and describe briefly any one of them .
The population statics include the information about birth , migration age , sex, marital status , nationality , religion , literacy , mother tongue , the profession of people , living in a particular place and at the particular time . The following are the four major sources of population data .
Administrative records : It is one of the sources of population statistics. It includes a number of school , voter lists , birth , ration cardholder's list , teacher record , nationality etc . Besides these major sources , the protective method is also used to find further need of population statistics . These sources are useful for planners , researchers, and other development workers .
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