Vital Registration System (VRS)

Subject: Enviroment Population and Health

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Overview

The sense , recording of birth and death is vital registration. In this system, the various events like birth ,death , marriage , divorce and migration are been recorded .The vital registration system was started in E England in the 16th century for the first time . It is the important sources of demographic data .It is also known as the civil registration system . The statistical recording of vital events which includes : birth , death , divorce , migration , marriage , adoption , etc. Which is useful for population data .Sample survey is also another important source of population data. It is the process of collecting , compiling , evaluating and publishing demographic , social and economic data about the sampled population .The another one is ' a mechanism which will provide for the continuous recording of information about the population in such a manner that data on particular events related to each as well as selected characteristics describing him are maintain on a current basis ."It is an important date keeping because it keep the record from birth to the death of the people .
Vital Registration System (VRS)

Introduction :

In this system, the various events like birth ,death, marriage, divorce and migration are been recorded. The vital registration system was started in England in the 16th century for the first time. It is the important sources of demographic data. It is also known as the civil registration system. The statistical recording of vital events which includes: birth, death, divorce, migration, marriage, adoption, etc. Which is useful for population data. It is also the reliable source of population data. All the data which we get from it are said as vital statistics. It helps to follow the government to formulate, plan and implement the activities on the economic, educational health and transportation services and facilities.

source:www.a2i.pmo.gov.bd fig:vital registration
source: www.a2i.pmo.gov.bd
fig: vital registration

The VRS(Vital Registration System) record of Churchmen, in 1608 AD Sweden adopted VRS; which is known as the first scientific VRS in the world. In 1610 AD VRS was started in Canada where as in 1628 AD in Finland, 1646 AD in Denmark and Norway in 1684 AD was started. Whereas the England arrange VRS in 1837 AD as a legal basis.

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History of Vital Registration System in the World

Country Year ( in AD )
Sweden 1608
Canada 1610
Finland 1628
Denmark 1646
Norway 1684
England 1837

The Vital Registration Act in Nepal in Nepal was passed in 2033 BS (1976 AD). Its regulation passed on 2034 BS. Whereas the actual Vital Registration Operation started since 2035 Baisakh 1st (14th April 1978 AD).

Characteristics of Vital Registration System

  • It is a compulsory, continuous and legal regarding of vital events.
  • Under this system, every event is required to fill up certain firm.
  • It is an important tool for studying the dynamics of the population.
  • It is the primary source of population data and is known as the registration system.

Coverage of information in the Vital Registration System

Information related to birth

  • Name of father/mother
  • Occupation of father and mother
  • Age of mother
  • Date of birth
  • Sex
  • Place of residence
  • Name of new born baby

Information related to marriage

  • Occupation of bride / bridegroom
  • Name of the bride / bridegroom
  • Father's name of bride / bridegroom
  • Age of bride/bridegroom
  • Residence of bride/bridegroom

Information related to death

  • Name of the dead person
  • Occupation
  • Cause of death
  • Sex
  • Place of birth
  • Age
  • Marital status

Information related to Divorce

  • Age
  • Education
  • Language
  • Religion
  • Caste
  • Name of the divorced person
  • Number of live births

Information related to migration

  • Name of the migrant
  • Age
  • Sex
  • Place of birth
  • Citizenship
  • Education
  • Causes of migration
  • Place of residence
  • Religion
  • Place of destination

Sample Survey

Sample survey is also another important source of population data. It is the process of collecting, compiling, evaluating and publishing demographic, social and economic data about the sampled population. The overall population of a place or the country is given in the sample survey. In simple word, it is the method of collecting data of the population. It helps us to keep the record of the population.

The Sample Survey was started in the world from the 19th century for the first time in England. It became so popular after 1950 AD around 400 knowledge. Attitude and Practice survey have been organized in the world .Sample survey was conducted in Nepal on 1974/75 , 1976/77 and 1977/78. It has special important in different types of research and studies. Sample survey is more qualitative which always provides current data.

Administrative Records

It is also the important source of population data. It also helps to collect the population data. The complete national population is not included in this types of record. Only the different types of offices and organization are recorded which they need for their official purpose. These data are also important for planning, research and studies. All the school administrative they also keep the record of students by the particular in which we can know mother tongue, castes, religious of the students which help to keep record of the student on the databases. It help to keep the regular record of the important events of each citation in a particular country.

Population Register

According to the UN, population register is a mechanism which will provide for the continuous recording of information about the population in such a manner that data on particular events related to each as well as selected characteristics describing him are maintain on a current basis ."It is an important date keeping because it keeps the record from birth to the death of the people." This method is very popular in the developed country .Like . Italy , Belgium ,Denmark etc.

Things to remember

 

  • It is the primary source of population data and is known as the registration system .
  • the another one is sample survey  the process of collecting , compiling , evaluating and publishing demographic , social and economic data about the sampled population .
  • The vital registration system was started in E England in the 16th century for the first time .
  • The statistical recording of vital events which includes : birth , death , divorce , migration , marriage , adoption , etc. Which is useful for population data . 
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Vital Registration System (VRS)
Civil registry
Flaws in Online Vital Registration System
The Vital Count - Civil Registration and Vital Statistics
Questions and Answers

Sample survey is one of the vital sources of the population used in different countries . In short time and with less use of financial resources , detailed figures of population will be obtained through sample survey . 

The population statics include the information about birth , migration age , sex, marital status , nationality , religion , literacy , mother tongue , the profession of people , living in a particular place and at the particular time . The following are the four major sources of population data .

  • Census
  • Vital registration
  • Sample survey
  • Administrative record

Administrative records : It is one of the sources of population statistics. It includes a number of school , voter lists , birth , ration cardholder's list , teacher record , nationality etc . Besides these major sources , the protective method is also used to find further need of population statistics . These sources are useful for planners , researchers, and other     development workers .                     

The vital registration system can be defined as a continuous,permanent and compulsory legal registration and statistical recording of vital events which include: live birth, deaths, divorce, migration, marriage, adoption, etc primarily for their value as legal document and secondary for their usefulness as a source of population statistics
It makes easy to know the future trend of population and it helps policy makers to plan for future.
The data from vital registration system cannot be alternative to census data.
It fulfils inter census data gap and it is cheaper and easier to administer than census.
It may not represent the entire population perfectly.
It needs less manpower and it is useful to collect the population data.
It cannot provide complete data and required information for population analysis.
Vital registration was taken in sweden in 1608 AD.
Vital registration was taken in Norway in 1684 AD.
Vital registration was taken in 2047 BS in all 75 districts of Nepal.
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