Subject: Enviroment Population and Health
Reducing the rate of population growth and making plans for attraction and distractions in migration come under population control. The control of population growth is necessary to promote development activities for the welfare of the people.
The following are some of the measures to control population growth.
The measures which help to bear children after some year's gap are called temporary methods. It can increase the gap between first and second children. The female and male can adopt different temporary methods, they are:
It is one of the contraceptives devices for female which is taken orally. It is known by Nilocon or Gulab in our market. It makes hormonal changes in the ovary and stops the ovulation so that secretion of ova is not possible. But it has to be taken regularly.
It is called kamal tablet in Nepali. It is pushed into cervix about ten to fifteens before sexual intercourse. It can melt and from the coat of form which prevents sperm from entering the womb.
Femidom ( female condom)
It is a condom for women. It is made up of thin polyurethane or transparent rubber. It is used in the vagina so that sperm does not enter. It is a strong, transparent health which lines the vagina to create a barrier against sperm. It prevents sexually transmitted diseases also.
The chemical substance can be used in another way of instead of foam tablet. These are cream paste, jelly, and aerosol. It is used in the vagina before sexual intercourse. It kills the sperm entering into the cervix. It is very costly. It is not available in Nepal.
The permanent method of family planning provides permanent solutions to the pregnancy and birth. A permanent method for male is vasectomy and for a female is minilap and laparoscopy.
It is also called male sterilization. It is permanent surgical operation for a male in which the doctor makes a small opening in man's scrotum and closes the both tubes that carry sperms from the testes. This gives permanent solution to conception.
It is a permanent method of female contraception. It should be after forty-five days of delivery or within the eight days of menstruation.
It is a minor operation done on women who no longer has any wish for more children. It is done by a small surgery in the lower part of abdomen. The fallopian tubes are cut and tied up. This operation can be done if she is practicing other contraceptives devices.
Laparoscopy is also one of the permanent measures of contraception. It involves a surgical operation as a sterilization in which the doctor makes a small incision in the abdomen just below the naval and finds two fallopian tubes with the help of laparoscope. After that every fallopian tube is closed with a clip or a ring. This should be done after thirty or forty days of the delivery or within five to eight days of the menstruation.
Mention any two temporary contraceptive devices for female?
Norplant and femidom are two temporary contraceptive devices for female.
Calender method is also called 'Rhythm method'. In this method, sexual intercourse is undertaken within the safe period only. The method works only to those women with a regular menstruation cycle.
Menstruation cycle is the key factor in this method. If a woman's menstruation cycle is of 28 days, the release of ovum will be on 14th day, so if sexual intercourse is undertaken within that period of time, there is a strong chance of getting pregnant. In this method, unsafe period should be avoided to prevent pregnancy.
Cervical mucus methodis also known as mucus testing method. Women secret two types of cervical mucus in the period of menstruation cycle first one is thick, slippery and wet which is discharged during the unsafe period i.e. 10 to 19 days of menstruation. If the sexual intercourse takes place during this time, women can be pregnant. Couple avoids the sexual intercourse to prevent conception if sticky and pasty type of mucus is discharged in vagina. During this period ovum neither is not released. In other to find the types of mucus, women should wash her properly and push in to the vagina to bring the mucus out. She can test the thickness of mucus by keeping it in between forefinger and the thumb.
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