Types of Office Resources (Manpower)

Subject: Accountancy

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Overview

This note of class 9 provides you with the brief introduction about manpower, its types and manpower development.
Types of Office Resources (Manpower)

Manpower

Manpower refers to all the staff who is appointed in different positions for performing administrative, clerical, as well as technical jobs. It is also known as office personnel. Manpower is the only living resources which utilize other resources in order to perform official activities. The organization should estimate a suitable number of staff for a given period. The act of estimating the required number of staff in different positions of the organization is called Darbandi. It avoids the situation of over and understaffing and helps in controlling labor cost.

Types of manpower

The manpower can be divided into administrative and technical according to the nature of jobs to be performed.

  1. Administrative manpower: The manpower who involves in preparing plans and policies, implementing them into practice and controlling whole activities of the organization is called administrative manpower. They perform administrative as well as clerical works. They perform a specific job and do not require specialized knowledge and skill to perform such job. They prepare plans and policies and implement them into practice. They direct, communicate, coordinate and control the activities of the organization. The office chief and office assistant are the examples of administrative manpower.
  1. Technical manpower: The manpower who have specialized knowledge and skill required to perform a specific job is called a technical manpower. The technical manpower requires specialized knowledge and skill to perform it. The office appoints skilled, semi-skilled technical manpower as per its requirement. The staff who are highly experienced, trained and have specialized knowledge are skilled manpower. The semi-skilled manpower does not have the same degree of experience, training, and knowledge as the skilled manpower have. They assist to the skilled manpower to perform a specific technical job. Similarly, unskilled manpower is that staff who do not have any specialized knowledge and training but assist the skilled and semi-skilled manpower to perform a specific job.
Manpower Development

Manpower development is an act of updating present manpower for performing future work in the changing environment by increasing knowledge, skills and capacities of the employees. It refers to the task of updating the present manpower. It is the process of preparing manpower to cope with the changes in the organizational environment. It is concerned with increasing the knowledge, skills, attitudes and capabilities of the present staff of the organization. It helps in preparing the staff to work effectively and efficiently in the organization. It enhances personal competencies required to perform present and future jobs. The manpower development is done through training program, seminar, workshop and field visits. It can also be done by providing an opportunity for future studies, making the evaluation of performance and proper counseling of the employees.

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Things to remember
  • Manpower refers to all the staff who is appointed in different positions for performing administrative, clerical as well as technical jobs.
  • Administrative manpower and technical manpower are two types of manpower.
  • Manpower development is an act of updating present manpower for performing future work in the changing environment by increasing knowledge, skills and capacities of the employees.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Types of Office Resources (Manpower)
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Questions and Answers

Types of office resources are:

Manpower:

Manpower refers to all the staff who is appointed in different positions for performing administrative, clerical, as well as technical jobs. It is also known as office personnel. Manpower is the only living resources which utilize other resources in order to perform official activities. The organization should estimate a suitable number of staff for a given period. The act of estimating the required number of staff in different positions of the organization is called Darbandi. It avoids the situation of over and understaffing and helps in controlling labor cost.

Materials:

Materials refer to all durable and non-materials items required by the office to perform all its activities, accurate and systematic manner. These materials help the manpower to perform official activities efficiently. These provide comfort, reduce tension, monitor, and fatigue. These also help to increase the working efficiency to the staff.

Sources of income:

The revenue which is earned by selling and distributing goods and services on a regular basis is called sources of income. It also includes revenue earned from non business activities. An income refers to financial benefit or revenue. It is earned against the goods sold or services rendered. Every organization requires regular sources of income. Such incomes are essential to meet regular expenses and to make a surplus. The amount of incomes is essential to determine the stability, growth, competitiveness and goodwill of the organization. The main sources of income for the government are income tax, value added tax, interest tax, customs duty, excise duty, donation, etc.

Means of transportation:

Transportation means the process of physical movement of products and people from one place to another place. The means which are used to transport products and people from one place to another place inside or outside the country is called the means of transportation. It facilitates to distribute goods from the production place to another place inside or outside the country. It helps in widening the market and making a large volume of sales. It saves the valuable time of the office personnel. The car, bus, motorcycle, airplane, ship, etc. are the different examples of means of transportation.

Communication:

Communication is a systematic and continuous process of telling, listening and understanding the official information. The process of exchanging the information, ideas and opinions either by speaking or writing or using the symbols between individuals and departments inside or outside the organization is called communication. Communication is the chain of understanding which binds all the persons and departments and departments of an organization together and directs them to achieve the organizational goal.

The manpower can be divided into administrative and technical according the nature of jobs to be performed.

  1. Administrative manpower: The manpower who involves in preparing plans and policies, implementing them into practice and controlling whole activities of the organization is called administrative manpower. They perform administrative as well as clerical works. They perform a specific job and do not require specialized knowledge and skill to perform such job. They prepare plans and policies and implement them into practice. They direct, communicate, coordinate and control the activities of the organization. The office chief and office assistant are the examples of administrative manpower.
  1. Technical manpower: The manpower who have specialized knowledge and skill required to perform a specific job is called a technical manpower. The technical manpower requires specialized knowledge and skill to perform it. The office appoints skilled, semi-skilled technical manpower as per its requirement. The staff who are highly experienced, trained and have specialized knowledge are skilled manpower. The semi-skilled manpower does not have the same degree of experience, training, and knowledge as the skilled manpower have. They assist to the skilled manpower to perform a specific technical job. Similarly, unskilled manpower is that staff who do not have any specialized knowledge and training but assist the skilled and semi-skilled manpower to perform a specific job.

Manpower development is an act of updating present manpower for performing future work in the changing environment by increasing knowledge, skills and capacities of the employees. It refers to the task of updating the present manpower. It is the process of preparing manpower to cope with the changes in the organizational environment. It is concerned with increasing the knowledge, skills, attitudes and capabilities of the present staff of the organization. It helps in preparing the staff to work effectively and efficiently in the organization. It enhances personal competencies required to perform present and future jobs. The manpower development is done through training program, seminar, workshop and field visits. It can also be done by providing an opportunity for future studies, making the evaluation of performance and proper counseling of the employees.

Manpower refers to all the staff who is appointed in different positions for performing administrative, clerical, as well as technical jobs.

The manpower who involves in preparing plans and policies, implementing them into practice and controlling whole activities of the organization is called administrative manpower.

The manpower who have specialized knowledge and skill required to perform a specific job is called a technical manpower.

Manpower development is an act of updating present manpower for performing future work in the changing environment by increasing knowledge, skills and capacities of the employees. It refers to the task of updating the present manpower.

The act of estimating the required number of staff in different positions of the organization is called Darbandi.

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