Subject: Social Studies and Population Education
Nepal is a country with plenty of natural resources like different types of soil, forests, rivers, etc. It is enriched with the gifts of nature. However, these natural resources have not been properly utilised. There is an imbalance in development in our country. Only the Central Development Region and Eastern Development Region have developed, but the others are lagging behind in the pace of development. The topography of our country is also one of the reasons behind it. The land of the mountain is not fertile. So, there is no good production. So, this region is not developed in comparison to others.
Development regions are very important for the development of a country. Keeping this in mind, four development regions were created in 2029 BS and the number reached 5 in 2037 BS. The main importance of development regions is the proper use of natural resources and proportionate development in all the regions.
Federalism is a political system in which a country is divided into autonomous provinces or states.
Advantages of Federal System:
Disadvantages of Federal System:
Why is Nepal divided into districts and development regions?
Nepal is divided into districts and development regions due to the following reasons:
What is development region?
A development region is an administration division of a place created for the development of a particular region. In order to develop the economic condition of all parts of Nepal equally and to bring balanced development throughout the country, the government of Nepal has divided Nepal into five regions known as development regions.
Federalism is more democratic and inclusive than the unitary system of government. Justify the statement with four reasons.
It is true that federalism is more democratic and inclusive than the unitary system of government. It is so because of the following reasons:
What is the federal system? Write any four points of importance of it in the context of Nepal.
The term 'federalism' is a system of government in which sovereignty is constitutionally divided between a central governing authority and constituent political units. In the federal system of government, there are two governments: central government and state government. The state government is formed at the state level which is autonomous in strengthening security in the state, running administration, carrying out development projects, making laws and policies and forming a budget. The Central government is formed at the central level which deals with border security, national, fiscal plan and policies, foreign and military affairs etc.
The difference between natural regions and development regions? Explain.
|Natural Regions||Administration Region|
|They are the physical or economic division of the country created according to the variation in landforms and climates.||They are the political division of the country created according to the principle of decentralisation for efficient administration and balance development.|
|They run parallel east-west||They run parallel north-south.|
|They include parts of all development regions.||They include parts of all natural regions.|
What function does the Regional Administration office do?
The main function of the Regional Administration office is to facilitate the people concerned with respective development region by providing all the administrative formalities without making then burden do depend on the central authorities. It helps to make the work easier, faster and less troublesome.
What do you mean by decentralisation in governance system?
In governance system, decentralisation refers to the act of scattering the central authorities to the local unit regionally so that it helps to avoid regional disparity.
Write a short essay on 'The importance of Development regions.'
A transformation and change to a positive condition is development. It is very essential. Different countries have a difference in ways of administrative division. India, China has provincial regions. Whatever ways of division is there, they become a process of decentralization.
In our country we, have development regions divided into five development regions with zones and districts. They were first divided into four development regions in the year 2029 B.S. and later, the Far-Western Development Region were realized of being very large, so it was scattered into two and ultimately Mid- Western Development Region was created in 2037B.S.
The division of development region in Nepal has great importance. The foremost importance is smoothness and effectiveness in the running of administration, utilization of local resources in a short period, employment opportunities, etc. If all the development regions are efficient, the people will directly be affected which means the whole country can have positive transformation as a developed country. So the government of a country is very responsible to make far-sighted and positive plans and policies with fair implementation which can activate the development regions and work efficiently.
How do development regions decrease in regional disparity?
Development regions are formed with the spirit of regional development to avoid regional disparity. But, it has been soughing that it hasn't been honest practice to make the objective goal-oriented. As a result, there comes the condition of regional disparity.
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