Development

Subject: Social Studies and Population Education

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Development is a change which brings improvement in the lives of everyone living in the country. This note contains the description of development.
Development

The positive changes brought by humans in their life is called development. Thus, it can be said that development is a change which brings improvement in the lives of everyone living in the country. Development never stops rather the pace of development can be slow or fast. If the citizens of the nations are honest, hardworking and energetic, then the nation will develop fast. The citizens are educated, trained, healthy and wealthy in the developed nation. It is also called human resource.

Development Source: http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-xBAz6yD7JoQ/VZLmlV_guEI/AAAAAAABG_Y/fRLSHf0pc6M/s1600/Ahmedabad-Population.jpg
Figure: Developed City
Source: http://2.bp.blogspot.com/

The level of development is not equal everywhere. Some countries such as those in Western Europe have been developing rapidly for 200 years. These countries are now considered as developed countries. Although there are poor people, most people enjoy the high standard of living. Other countries, mainly Africa, Asia and South America have only been developing for about 50 years and for historical or geographical reasons these developing nations are much poorer. In these countries, an average living standard of people is low.

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Development Source: http://www.uaeinteract.com/news/article_pics/uae-65897.jpg
Figure: Development
Source: http://www.uaeinteract.com

Development takes place with the proper utilisation of available means and resources. Factors such as health, education, transport and communication are essentials for providing services for people and to run developmental activities. So these are called infrastructures of development. A country with good systems of these factors can run development easily. Development is a change which brings improvement in the lives of everyone living in the country. Above all good leadership and its execution cannot be expected from corrupt leaders.

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Figure: Ways of Development
Source: https://a2ua.com


The economy of a country is stronger if it has more export and less import. Money earned from exports, goods sold abroad and is lost by buying imports from other countries. Though Nepal loses a lot in its imports, it has been earning well from foreign employment. In many parts of the world, the fruit of development is not equally enjoyed by all the people. There is a huge gulf between rich and poor in capitalist societies. So, countries should make an effort to achieve development that can benefit the poor societies more.
Development
Figure: Development
Things to remember
  • The positive changes brought by humans in their life is called development. 
  • Development is a change which brings improvement in the lives of everyone living in the country. 
  • Development never stops rather the pace of development can be slow or fast. If the citizens of the nations are honest, hardworking and energetic, then the nation will develop fast.
  • The economy of a country is stronger if it has more export and less import. 
 
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Development
Development Progress - Basics and beyond: what drives national progress in education?
Development Progress - Exploring what works and why
Development Progress - Pathways to progress in health
Questions and Answers

Development is a positive change which brings improvement in the lives of everyone in the country and which not only benefits men or city-dwellers but all the people.

The list of things needed for sustainable development is listed below:
  • Proper utilization of resources
  • Human resources
  • Preservation and conservation of resources
  • Tackling inequality
  • Fulfillment of not only physical needs but also socio- amelioration
  • Encouraging more export and less import

The professions adopted by the people of least developed countries are services, industries, trade, modern farming, fishing, science and technology.

Some exports of our country are:

  • Garment
  • Carpets
  • Handicrafts
  • Herbs
  • Tea
  • Jute

Some imports of our country are:

  • Machinery goods
  • Petroleum products
  • Vehicles and vehicle parts
  • Clothes
  • Medicines
  • Food items

USA and France are the two developed countries, Singapore and Cyprus are the developing countries and Nepal and Uganda are the least developed countries.

A country having highly organized economic and political system which is able to produce almost all the necessary goods needed and brings positive changes to the life of its people is called a developed country.

Harmony is an abstract act which ultimately gives the message of unity among diversity. This is certainly the need. Our country is small, but it is a garden of mix culture, tradition and system of multilingual society, multi-religious people and multiple tribes of people throughout the country. If the country is governed by the true spirit of constitution and system, there will be a positive output of development regions. This further leads to the feeling of unity, oneness, and ownness. It doesn't create a situation of segregation. This unity is called harmony. Fusion of harmony into unity makes things turn into the strength. Then the development becomes possible.

The advantage of people's participation in development work is, it makes development work more sustainable and for all.

By participating in all the activities in the locality that are organized for developing it, we can contribute to the development of our locality.
For any work, wherever it is to be held, people of the concerned surrounding locally who actively involves in the activities is called local participation, no matter whether it is social service, developmental works or so on.

People's participation is compulsory for the development of the local area. It makes people feel that they can contribute to the development of any aspect of their locality. They can also have a long-term benefit from such works. They also learn to properly mobilize local resources for their own betterment. Sustainability of development works is increasing due to people's participation in the development of the local area.

It is an obvious fact that people are most important resource themselves for any activities. The government allocates, the more or less budget with a plan but the dependencies wholly made by the government is nothing more than foolishness. The planning and budget received by the government is the greatest boon for which the people getting actively involved in their toil, time as a volunteer makes the work reliable, quick, transparent and precious. It is an opportunity of sharing ideas, learning to do things in work and inspiring to work in similar way.

We are, people of the present world have been, in the moment of high civilization and advancement which has made the world very closely connected. Of course, the level of status and development is not same everywhere but we can hear, discuss, think and suggest about our developmental status. We shouldn’t forget our fact and reality. Greater things, better things, should be taken as the worth of knowledge but whatever we do and perform it should be based on our reality, our style so that works become effective and result oriented.

The advantages of local people's participation are as follows:-

  1. The local people learn the ideas, some get training and it will be supportive for their further employment opportunities.
  2. The people get the chance of utilizing their available local resources so all are benefitted from it.
  3. Women also get the chance to empower them through different work and make them capable.
  4. Feeling of social responsibility is developed among the people and can get united.
  5. In the coming days, people learn to be self-reliant, prepared to do suck kind of works.

Development is the process of making a country more advanced day by day in different things and it is also the change that brings progressive and positive effect in a country.

The things that donot belong to a person community or group but which belong to the nation are called national heritage.
Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
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