Subject: Social Studies and Population Education
Nepal has been declared as a secular state. All religions have been treated equally. No religion is smaller or bigger. The main religions are Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity.
It is the most followed religion in Nepal and also the oldest religion in the world. This religion is based on the philosophy of the Veda, which is the oldest religious epic of the world. There are four Vedas namely Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Atharva Veda and Yajur Veda. Bhagawat Gita, Mahabharat, and Ramayana are the major holy books of Hindus. Hindus worship different gods and goddesses. The main gods of the Hindus are Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, and Durga, Laxmi, Saraswati, Hanuman, Ram, Ganesh are the other gods and goddesses worshiped by the Hindus etc.
Buddhism is the second mostly followed religion in Nepal. Buddhism was founded by Gautam Buddha, who was born in Nepal in 563 BC. Even though he was a son of a king, he sacrificed all the comforts and left palace one day in search of a solution to pain and suffering. After he got enlightenment in Gaya, he found out four noble truths.
The four noble truths are:
He found a way to remove the misery by following 'Eight Fold Paths '. They are:
'Tripitak' is considered as the holy book of the Buddhists. 'Jataka Katha', which is also a holy book contains a collection of stories of teachings that Lord Buddha had given to his disciples. 'Tripitak' is the collection of stories about the teachings which Lord Buddha had given to monks, philosopher, and common people.
Islam was founded by Prophet Mohammed. He was born in Mecca in Arabia in 570 AD. The holy book of the Islam is Quran. They go to the mosque and read Namaz rather than worship idol or statue. The Id is the main festival of Islam. They give donations to the poor people which is called 'Fitra'.
Jesus Christ is the founder of Christianity. It is a major religion all over the world. Jesus Christ was kind, simple and religious minded since his childhood. He wanted to free people from injustice and pain. He called God as father and himself as the son of the god. He was very famous among the people. The Jewish and Romans became jealous of him and crucified him.
The holy book of the Christians is the Bible. It contains god's love for living beings and the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.
The Sikh Religion was founded by Guru Nanak during the 15th century. Guru Nanak preached a message of love and understanding and criticized the blind rituals of the Hindus and Muslims. Guru Nanak passed on his enlightened leadership of this new religion to nine successive Gurus.
The Sikh religion today has a following of over 20 million people worldwide. Sikhism preaches a message of devotion and remembrance of God at all times, truthful living, equality of mankind, social justice and denounces superstitions and blind rituals. The Guru Granth Sahib is a collection of the Sikh Gurus' writings that was compiled by the 5th Sikh Guru). It is the fifth-largest organized religion in the world, with approximately 30 million adherents. Punjab of India is the only state in the world with a majority Sikh population.
What do you understand by secularism? When was legal recognition to secular state given in Nepal?
Secularism refers to a doctrine that the organization of society, army, police, political party, education, etc. and other matters of the civil policy should be run and conducted without the intervention of religion. This idea was manifested in Janandolan II. The House of Representatives reinstated through Janandolan II 2062/2063 BS, proclaimed a historical declaration on Jyeshta 4, 2063 BS. The declaration has provided recognition to secularism in Nepal. Part 1, article 4 of the interim constitution of Nepal 2063 has invented Nepal as a secular state.
Why was our country Nepal declared a secular state? Write with proper logics.
Nepal is an independent, indivisible, sovereign, and secular and fully a democratic country. All the people here have their particular culture, religion, tradition, etc. previously our country was a Hindu kingdom. To bring equality over all the religions, the state declared Nepal a secular state. Nepal was declared as a secular state to bring or make it full-fledged democratic country.
Prepare a speech with the title 'right to religion is the fundamental rights of a person'.
All the teachers and my dear friends,
The interim constitution of Nepal, 2063 has declared and managed that the right to religion is the fundamental right of a person. It has given the primary priority to the right to religion. Secularism is necessary for Nepal because Nepal is a multi-linguistic, caste, religion, culture and so on country. Every citizen has the right to preserve his own culture and follow the religion being followed traditionally. Every citizen has the right to change the religion on his own desires but not with fear, grid and pressure. As mentioned in the interim constitution of Nepal-2063, no one will be badly affecting the people of other religion in the name of religion-rivalry. At last, all the people are free to follow, charge, preserve and run any religion. Only this much for today, I would like to stop my speech. Thank you very much.
To make the Hindus extremists understand about the secularism and religious tolerance, write in four points.
Before the establishment of Loktantra, Nepal was a Hindus kingdom. The state religion was fixed i.e. Hindu. Hindu religion was considered as the supreme one and other religions were as minor ones. In this way, religious exploitation was prevalent the house declaration of 2063, Jestha 4 declared that Nepal is a secular state. After the declaration of speculation, some Hindu extremist are dissatisfied. They have declared the activities against the government and they have been acting. I would like to suggest them to realize the following things:
Which ethnic group fire gun during the funeral ceremony?
Rais fire gun during the funeral ceremony.
How has the religious identity changed from our country recently?
Our country was earlier called a Hindu country, but now it is called 'a secular state' with the provision in the Interim Constitution, 2063.
What is the highest percentage of the religion that occupies our country?
Hindu religion occupies the highest percentage (80%) in our country.
What are the three jewels of Buddhism?
The three jewels of Buddhism are Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha.
List out eight-fold paths of Buddha.
The eight-fold paths of buddha are as follows: -
The acquired knowledge from the character of better-disciplined male Ram affects our life positively. Describe it.
In the context of Hinduism, our religion dates back to the oldest period. We are easily affected by its norms and values holy books and their stories, etc.
Our holy books have different unique features with ideal religious characters. They are always dear and model for the whole people of the respective religion. In one of our holy book, called the Ramayana, there is Lord Ram as a central character who is the protagonist of all. We know that since our childhood whoever he dealt with whether his father, mother, teachers, superior or inferior ones, his impression was always high. His politeness, truth, patience, respectfulness, love and sympathy and consolations were true identities. A male within the periphery of the jungle didn't lost his passion for making rid of Sita from there. His discipline and mode character is a representation of a human being. He was always dear and loving to the younger ones and always, loyal and respectful towards the parents, elders and the teachers. It’s the matter of pride and glory to the entire brother in getting such an ideal brother.
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