Our National Heritages

Subject: Social Studies and Population Education

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All the cultural features and resources which are created, protected and promoted by our ancestor and handed to future generations are called heritages. This note provides us the information about heritages of Nepal.
Our National Heritages

Wealth is of two types. One is private wealth that is owned by an individual like TV, house, gold etc. Only the owner has the rights to use them. Others cannot use them without the owner's permission. The other type of wealth is national wealth. The country's temples, monasteries, public taps, buildings, etc. are the examples of national wealth. The airports and roads of the country can be used by all. Police provide security to all the people. Schools, colleges provide education to all the people without any discrimination. Hospitals are built to take care of the health of the public. The National Museums, National Parks, Durbar Squares are the places which come under national wealth. Similarly, the temples such as Changunarayan, Pashupatinath, Budhanilkantha are also national wealth. They are the pride and glory of our country.

Nepal is a country gifted by god. There are plenty of natural resources in our country. Mountains, rivers, lands, flora and fauna are the beauty of our country. The Himalayas, with high peaks, puts our head high. The rivers like Koshi and Gandaki are also the gifts of nature.

Nepal is also a historically and religiously famous country. There are said to be the places where sages lived and meditated. They describe the culture and civilization of our country as well as attract explorers to find out new things. Nepal has a large number of forests as well. It was said 'Hariyo Ban Nepal ko Dhan".

All the cultural features and resources which are created, protected and promoted by our ancestor and handed to future generations are called heritages.

The UNESCO has listed several sites of Nepal in the World Heritage Site. The sites are:

  • Pashupatinath Temple
  • Hanumandhoka Durbar Square
  • Patan Durbar Square
  • Bhaktapur Durbar Square
  • Changunarayan temple
  • Lumbini
  • Bouddhanath Temple
  • Swayambhunath Temple
  • Chitwan National Park
  • Sagarmatha National Park
Things to remember
  • Nepal is a country gifted by god. 
  • The National Museums, National Parks, Durbar Squares are the places which come under national wealth. 
  • All the cultural features and resources which are created, protected and promoted by our ancestor and handed to future generations are called heritages.
  • The UNESCO has listed several sites of Nepal in the World Heritage Site. They are Pashupatinath Temple, Hanumandhoka Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Changunarayan temple, Lumbini, Boudhanath Temple, Swayambhunath Temple, Chitwan National Park and Sagarmatha National Park.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Our National Heritages
Cultural Heritage of Nepal | where is nepal | what is nepal
Protecting Natural Heritage Resources
Video Documentary on Natural & Cultural Heritage of Nepal
Questions and Answers

The ecosystem is different according to the geographical belt. There is diversity in religious and cultural aspect in the life of the people of Nepal. The people pass their life by utilizing the natural resources of the environment. The nature aspects are interrelated with the lifestyle. The culture and religious heritages are related to the activities of human life. There is some difference in religious and cultural heritage in every geographical belt. There are many temples of religious importance in our country. They have their own values characteristics and cultural importance.

The need and importance of cultural can be described with the following topics: -

  • Field of research: They provide a most valuable lesson that are fruitful to the present and future generations too. The people of the country and outside are interested in the research in religious and cultural aspects.
  • Creation of people: They are related to their lifestyle and social aspects. They reveal tradition, developments, arts and lifestyles of the ancient time.
  • The internal part of the environment: The religious places, sites, rivers and ponds are the element of the natural environment. The temples, gumbas and masjids are the physical aspects
  • Job opportunities: The religious cultural activities are an attractive visit to religious and cultural sites. They will create job opportunities for the local people.
  • Publicity and existence: The people of the other countries will be interested to know about Nepal. It gives importance to our religious and cultural Heritage.
  • The government should mobilize the local, nation and international organization in the conservation of the heritage by providing technical and financial supports to them.
  • The need and importance of religious and culture heritage should be incorporated in the educational programmes.
  • There is diversity in culture and religion, the people of one culture should respect the culture and religion.
  • The historical and most valuable cultural and artistic items should be preserved in the museum.
  • Different media like radio, television, newspaper etc. should be properly used to publicize the importance and ways of conservation of the heritages.

The total of the inherited ideas, beliefs, values, and knowledge which constitute the shared bases of social action is termed as culture. As Nepal is a multi-cultural country, it has a great importance of various cultural aspects existing in our society.

  • They provide guidelines for daily life activities to lead a culture and advanced life.
  • They are the sources of recreating tourism probability in the country focusing on enough income generation.
  • They provide means and resources to support socio-cultural and economic activities that support the needs of life.
  • They may be the sources of knowledge and research for the followers of different culture within the same country or beyond.

The heritage located in my community should be enlisted in the world heritage list because they are with unique feature and may be developed as a tourist site.

Items of national wealth are Roads, parks, playing fields, temples, stone- taps, government and non-government office, street lights, colleges, schools, ancient monuments etc.

Such common properties in any place of the country over which every citizen has right to utilize of enjoy.
The world heritage community works for preservation and promotion of world heritage sites. They publicize issues for awareness creation and public participation. They enlist heritage sites as a prominent moment which promotes tourism in our country. This is also encouraged for development of infrastructure necessary for tourism development. Income generation and economic growth are promoted due to the development of tourism. Our identity has flourished in an international community.
The evidence of the past, such as historical sites, buildings and natural environment that has a great importance for future also is known as natural heritage.
The heritages that are on the list of World Heritage site from Nepal are:
  1. Hanumandhoka Durbar square
  2. Patan Durbar square
  3. Bhaktapur Durbar square
  4. Pashupatinath Area
  5. Swayambhunath
  6. Bouddhanath Stupa
  7. Changu Narayan Temple
  8. Lumbini Area
  9. Sagarmatha national Park
  10. Chitwan National park

Kathmandu valley has a long religious history associated to that of Manjushree, who came from China and drained the water through Chobar. Since that it has been remained as an important place for dwelling. When it became suitable for human settlement, then many kings ruled here. They made attractive palaces, temples. Later on, the kings developed as a modern city. The rulers later built here statues, pillars, Dharahara, clock tower, parks Museums etc. All these things are important national wealth.

The advantages of having National Heritage in one's country are as follows:
  • The people of one's own country get known to their own natural, cultural, religious properties.
  • The widespread information throughout the rest of the countries makes attracted to international tourists.

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