The Renaissance

Subject: Social Studies and Population Education

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Overview

Renaissance means revival and coming back to consciousness. In fact, it was the period in Europe, especially in Italy, in the 14th to 16th century when there was a great revival of interest in art, science and technology. This note provides us the information about the renaissance .
The Renaissance

Renaissance and its importance

The renaissance was an event of considerable importance in the history of Europe. Renaissance means revival and coming back to consciousness. In fact, it was the period in Europe, especially in Italy, in the 14th to 16th century when there was a great revival of interest in art, science and technology.

Renaissance was an important period in the history. Development was made in the field of art, sculpture, science, literature, etc. This period had brought drastic changes in the human civilization. The superstitions were being replaced by true scientific facts and people started the search for knowledge.

Science

  • Nicolas Copernicus found that the earth moves around the sun.
  • Italian scientist Galileo invented the telescope.
  • English Scientist Newton discovered the power of gravitation.
  • Europeans learned algebra and number from the Arabs and Arithmetic and Geometry from the Greeks.
  • Gregory issued the scientific calendar.
  • Besides, drastic changes were made in the field of Physics, Chemistry and medicine.

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Art

  • A masterpiece like Mona Lisa was made by Leonardo Da Vinci. Leonardo was an artist, poet, engineer, scientist and a singer.
  • Leonardo Da Vinci laid the foundation of modern art.
  • Michelangelo made arts that looked alive.

Literature

  • Alighieri Dante (1265-1321) wrote books like Divine Comedy, Lavita Nova, Convivo, etc. His books contained moral degradation of the pope, bishop, administrator and feudal.
  • Great literary persons like Edmund Spencer, William Shakespeare, Sir Walter Scott, John Milton, Geoffrey Chaucer, etc. were born during this period and they wrote several books in their own languages.

Architecture

  • Greek and Roman styled buildings were made.
  • St. Peter's Church in Rome, St. Mark's Church in Venice and St. Paul's Church in London are some of the examples of artistic design.
  • Lorenzo Ghiberti, Donatello, etc. were great sculptors.

Geographical Discoveries

  • The Portuguese navigators found the Canary Islands, Madeira and Azure Islands.
  • Vasco da Gama reached India, Bartholomew discovered Cape of Good Hope.
  • Christopher Columbus of Italy discovered North America
  • John Cabot found Newfoundland.

Hence, the Renaissance was an important period when the Europeans became free of the bondage of religion and it paved the way for a modern world.

Things to remember
  • The renaissance was an event of considerable importance in the history of Europe.
  • The superstitions were being replaced by true scientific facts and people started the search for knowledge.
  • Telescope was invented, power of gravitation was discovered and various scientific facts were developed.
  • Masterpiece like Mona Lisa, Madonna of rocks, and The last supper were made by Leonardo DA Vince.
  • Great literary persons like Edmund Spenser, William Shakespeare, Sir Walter Scott, John Milton, Geoffrey Chaucer, etc. were born during this period .
  • St. Peter's Church in Rome, St. Mark's Church in Venice and St. Paul's Church in London are some of the examples of artistic design.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for The Renaissance
A Very British Renaissance 3 - Whose Renaissance (2014)
A Very British Renaissance Episode 1. The Renaissance Arrives BBC Documentary 2014
A Very British Renaissance Episode 2 The Elizabethan Code BBC documentary 2014
History of the Renaissance
The Renaissance Art and Ideas
The Renaissance: Was it a Thing? - Crash Course World History #22
Questions and Answers

The rebirth of art, culture, science, literature, architecture, geography etc. the first look place in Italy and later in France, Britain of Europe and other countries throughout the world during 14th/ 16th century is called renaissance.

The civilization that grew in Greece, Rome or Asian countries was the main source of a renaissance. The people at that time couldn't be left inactive. The rebirth in all these sectors was something like a movement of those active, energetic and enthusiastic people. It worked as a transition between the people of medieval age and modern age. However, the people were acutely waiting for the change and peeping through a traditional world, ultimately stepped onto his bright world. A few countries of the world had made tremendous success in the aforementioned various sectors. It empowered the capacity of human being and paved new challenges in future for the human being.

Any natural thing which studied analysis, investigated and prove with accuracy is called the scientific discovery or the invention. Among many impacts of the renaissance, science couldn't remain aloof of all. The astronomer called Copernicus from Poland prove that the earth, moon, and other planets moved around the sun which was later confirmed by Galileo with his invention of 'Telescope'. A very important scientific theory of 'Law of motion' and Universal Gravitation was explained by the great British scientist called sir Isaac Newton. Likewise, other British Physician William Harvey discovered that there circulates blood in human body. A  Dutch biologist Anton Van created a single lens Microscope which helped in the discovery of 'Protozoa' and bacteria in the human body. Inventions and discoveries took places in the sector of Radio, Camera, Printing press, Bicycle, Motors, Railway etc.
The Twelve Table refers to the right that the Plebeians got after many years of struggle with the Patricians during Roman civilization.

The great chance that took place in the 14th/16th century in art, science, literature, geography, etc. from Italy is called renaissance.

Alighieri Dante wrote the world renowned book called 'The Divine Comedy".
Leonardo- Da-Vinci created the world-renowned painting called Mona Lisa.
India was discovered by Vasco de Gama, china was Marco Polo and America was discovered by Christopher Columbus.
The great English writers who wrote during the Renaissance period were- William Shakespeare, Ben Johnson, Geoffrey Chaucer, Francis Bacon, Edmund spencer, John Milton etc.
Some prominent artists during the Renaissance period were Leonardo da Vinci, Michael Angelo, and Raphael etc.
The similar literary feature of Italian poet Dante and Nepalese ancient poet Bhanubhakta was that they were both considered as the great poet of their country.
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