Subject: Social Studies and Population Education
The state of having paid to work is called employment. People get payment as their salary or wages for their work and performance. That moneycan be earned in a certain interval or duration that may be an hour, a day, a week or a month. Employment opportunity is given to a people of definite age group. People between the ages of 15 to 59 can be included in this group. The people of this age group are known as economically active people. Such age group differs according to the country.
Employment is the basis for the survival of people’s lives. The employment status of any country depends upon the employment capacity of which the numbers of people are employed. Employment can be divided into various economic activities such as agriculture, industry, trade, construction, service etc. Similarly, employment can be explained by dividing it into internal and foreign employment. Many people are engaged in income generating activities by setting up their own business which is known as self-employment. The state in which people are not getting a job though they have education, knowledge, skills and age is called unemployment.
The family involved in agriculture sector
The population involved in non-agricultural sector
"The primary means to alleviate poverty is employment". Justify
The primary means to alleviate poverty is employment. People, get income from employment which will promote their standard of living and the poverty is slowly reduced. But without employment, there will be no earnings. In order to reduce poverty, long-term employment opportunities should be created by enhancing thecompetitive capability of poor and marginalized people. In this way, poverty can be reduced.
What are the strategies adopted to promote employment opportunities in the Three Years Interim Plan?
Following can be the strategies adopted to promote employment:
Why people are attracted to foreign employment?
Due to lack of sufficient job opportunity in an internal labour market, about 800,000 youths have gone overseas till Asar 2064. People earning money in a foreign land can get a job easily and improve their skill.Besides, the family of the people having foreign employment can afford the good quality of life. So, people are attracted to foreign employment.
Where are Nepali people employed in Foreign countries?
Nepali people are employed in following places in foreign countries:
The importance of foreign employment in Nepal can be stated as below:
"All works are equal and respectable." Justify.
We do different types of work. We people are from different background. Some are educated whereas some are uneducated. This has made the great difference in judging the people. Whether we do job or business, that is an essential need for our survival. But treating people in terms of their works is certainly felt meaningless because more or less we need the service of each other. For example, a doctor may be considered superior but to him, a simple farmer is equally necessary. The doctor has to depend upon the food crops produced by be fed with the foods/crops produced by the farmer, a king is highly honorable than a farmer, but he has to be fed with the food/crops produced by the farmer. So, what we should know that there should be the 'dignity of labor' then only all works become valuable and people become respectable. We are dependent on a different nature of workers, but we hate and treat inhumanity which is beyond the spirit of humanity.
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