Zones and Districts of Nepal

Subject: Social Studies and Population Education

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Nepal is a landlocked Himalayan country bordered by China to the north and India to the south, east, and west. This note has information about zones and districts of Nepal.
Zones and Districts of Nepal

Nepal is a landlocked Himalayan country bordered by China to the north and India to the south, east and west. It has an area of 1,47,181 sq.km which is only 0.3% of the total landmass of Asia and 0.03% of the world. Despite its vast resources, Nepal has remained a backward country for years. Among several causes, one is the country’s difficult physical structure. Nepal, though small, is one of the few countries of the world with most varied land topography.

Based on its landform and climate, Nepal is divided into three regions: the Himalayan Region, the Hilly Region and the Terai Region. These are distinct ecological regions running west-east horizontally. The high mountains in the north, the moderate Mahabharat hills in the centre and undulating chure hills with their sheltered lowland in the south are the predominant landscapes of the country.

As we know government alone cannot take care of the whole country, so to carry out uniform development to increase people's participation, to use resources, to decentralize the power our country is divided into 5 development regions, 14 zones and 75 districts. Such regions are known as Administrative Regions. Each district is headed by a chief district officer (CDO) and is responsible for maintaining law and order and coordinating the work of field agencies of the various government ministries.

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The division of districts of Nepal according to the zones is shown in the following table:

Development Region Zones Districts
Eastern Development Region Mechi

Koshi

Sagarmatha

Taplejung, Panchthar, Ilam, Jhapa

Morang, Sunsari, Dhankuta, Terhathum, Bhojpur, Sankhuwasabha

Saptari, Siraha, Udaypur, Khotang, Okhaldhunga, Solukhumbu

Central Development Region Janakpur

Bagmati


Narayani

Mahottari, Dhanusha, Sarlahi, Sindhuli, Ramechhap, Dolakha

Kavre Palanchok, Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Bhaktapur, Sindhupalchok, Rasuwa, Dhading, Nuwakot

Rautahat, Bara, Parsa, Chitwan, Makwanpur

Western Development Region Gandaki

Dhaulagiri

Lumbini

Kaski, Tanahun, Lamjung, Gorkha, Syanjhya, Manang

Parbat, Myagdi, Baglung, Mustang

Rupandehi, Nawalparasi, Kapilbastu, Arghakhanchi, Gulmi, Palpa

Mid-Western Development Region Karnali

Rapti

Bheri

Dolpa, Jumla, Mugu, Humla, Kalikot

Dang, Salyan, Pyuthan, Rolpa, Rukum

Banke, Bardiya, Surkhet, Dailekh, Jajarkot

Far-Western Development Region Seti

Mahakali

Kailali, Doti, Accham, Bajura, Bajhang

Kanchanpur, Dadeldhura, Baitadi, Darchula

Things to remember
  • Nepal is a landlocked Himalayan country bordered by China to the north and India to the south, east and west. 
  • Nepal has an area of 1,47,181 sq.km which is only 0.3% of the total landmass of Asia and 0.03% of the world. 
  • Nepal is divided into 5 development regions, 14 zones and 75 districts.
  • Nepal, though small, is one of the country of the world with most varied land topography.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Zones and Districts of Nepal
Nepal Map -14 Zones in Alphabetical Order
Questions and Answers

Nepal is divided into districts due to the following reasons:

  • For the balanced development in every region
  • For the utilization of local resources of the place
  • For the effective administration of the place
  • For the proportional representation of different people of different regions in the government.

Taplejung is the district that touch the border of both China and India.

Nepal is a landlocked Himalayan country bordered by China in the north and India to the south, east and west. It has an area of 1,47,181 sq.km which is only 0.3% of the total landmass of Asia and 0.03% of the world. Despite its vast resources, Nepal has remained a backward country for years. Among several causes, one is the country’s difficult physical structure. Nepal, though small, is one of the few countries of the world with most varied land topography. Based on its landform and climate, Nepal is divided into three regions: the Himalayan Region, the Hilly Region and the Terai Region. These are distinct ecological regions running west-east horizontally. The high mountains in the north, the moderate Mahabharat hills in the centre and undulating Cure hills with their sheltered lowland in the south are the predominant landscapes of the country.

The following are the districts that touch the border of China: -

  1. Humla
  2. Mugu
  3. Dolpa
  4. Mustang
  5. Manang
  6. Gorkha
  7. Rasuwa
  8. Sindhupalchok
  9. Dolakha
  10. Solukhumbu
  11. Sankhuwasabha

The following are the districts that touch the border of India: -

  1. Darchula
  2. Baitadi
  3. Dadeldhura
  4. Kanchanpur
  5. Kailali
  6. Bardiya
  7. Banke
  8. Dang
  9. Kapilbastu
  10. Rupandehi
  11. Nawalparasi
  12. Chitwan
  13. Parsa
  14. Bara
  15. Rautahat
  16. Sarlahi
  17. Mahottari
  18. Dhanusha
  19. Siraha
  20. Saptari
  21. Sunsari
  22. Morang

4 Zones (Bagmati, Gandaki, Karnali, Dhaulagiri) have touched the border of China only.

4 Zones (Narayani, Lumbini, Bheri, Rapti) have touched the border of India only.

6 Zones (Mechi, Koshi, Sagarmatha, Janakpur, Seti & Mahakali) have touches both China and India.

The Table is completed below.

zone District
Mahakali Darchula
Koshi Saptari
Dhaulagiri Baglung
The zones of our country having border linked with only India are Mechi, Koshi, Sagarmatha, Janakpur, Narayani, Lumbini, Bheri, Seti and Mahakali.
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