Weather and Climate

Subject: Social Studies and Population Education

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Overview

Climate is the average weather pattern of the certain area experienced over a long time. This note has information about climate and weather.
Weather and Climate

Weather

The state of the atmosphere at a particular place and as time regards heat, dryness, cloudiness, rain, wind, etc. is called weather. It can affect only a small area as well. If the temperature of any place is increases, then the hot air rises up and there is less pressure of air. The air starts to blow fast from the areas where there is more air pressure to these areas which is called wind. The rainfall occurs if the air carrying cloud comes in that area. In this way, the temperature of the air, air pressure, change in cloud causes a change in weather.

Climate

The climate is the average weather pattern in the certain area experienced over a long time. The climate is also not static and changes due to natural factors. But natural factors account for very little and slow changes only. Due to unchecked human activities the climate of the globe is changing much more quickly than it would do naturally. Such a change is called climate change, which is one of the greatest challenges the world community is facing in the modern time.

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Things to remember
  • Climate is the average weather pattern of the certain area experienced over a long time. 
  • Climate is also not static and changes due to natural factors. 
  • The state of the atmosphere at a particular place and as time regards heat, dryness, cloudiness, rain, wind, etc. is called weather. 
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
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Questions and Answers

The state of the atmosphere at a particular place and as time regards heat, dryness, cloudiness, rain, wind, etc. is called weather.

The climate is the average weather pattern of the certain area experienced over a long time.

The factors that cause the change in weather are the temperature of air, air pressure, change in cloud etc.

The factors affecting climate are latitude, altitude, land and water distribution, distance from the sea, distance from the sun, prevailing winds and ocean currents, surface covering the land, volcanism, solar constant sunspots, wind direction and nature of mountain chains, mountain barriers.

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