Subject: Social Studies and Population Education
South America is the fourth largest continent in the world with an area of 17,819,000 sq.km which is just 12% of the world's total area. It extends from 120N to 560S latitude and longitudes from 350W to 810W. Pacific Ocean lies to the west and Atlantic lies to the east. The Panama Isthmus lies to the north -west while the Caribbean Sea in the north.
The population of South America is about 300 million that counts 6% of the world's total.
The Andes Mountain ranges: It stretches north to south along the western coast. Mt. Aconcagua (6960m) lies in this range.
Lowlands: They lie between the mountain ranges of the Andes and Eastern Highlands. They are three in number, namely the Orinoco Valley, Amazon Basin and the lowlands in Uruguay, Paraguay, Parana and Salvador.
The Eastern Highlands: They are made up of Guyana Highlands and Brazilian Highlands.
River: Amazon is the biggest river in South America. The Orinoco and the Magdalena are also some of the important highlands.
The climate of this continent is affected by latitude, Andes Mountain range, wind and the seas and ocean currents.
The Amazon Basin has equatorial climate. There are high temperature and heavy rainfall throughout the year. Atacama desert is hot and dry. Andes are always covered with snow.
South America has different types of vegetation. There are dense and thick rain forests in the Amazon Valley. Desert consists of a cactus and thorny bushes. Llanos and Campos They are the grasslands found in South America.
The Red Indians are the original inhabitants of this region. People migrated to this place from East Asia. There are European people residing as well and they are more advanced than the original Red Indians. Christianity is the major religion. HDI is not satisfactory in most of the countries.
North American people are highly educated and skilled whereas the people of South America are not as educated and innovative as those of North America. Human development index is high in North American countries rather than South American countries.
What are selves?
Selves are the area of vastly covered equatorial rainforest in the Amazon basin of South America.
The three major physical divisions of South America are:
The name two big countries situated in South America are Brazil and Argentina.
Calama in Atacama Desert is the driest place in the world.
What are the amazing facts of South America?
The amazing facts of South America continent are given below:
The people of South America adopt agriculture and trade as their economic activities.
Argentina is the largest meat exporter to Europe because it has got a vast grassland area called the Pampas, where excessive animal rearing is done for the supply of meat to other parts of the world.
Most of people in South America who involves in agriculture business have a high standard. Mention a measure to make agriculture sector of Nepal business oriented like that of South America.
The measure to make agriculture sector of Nepal business oriented like that of South America is to adopt a modern method of farming.
What is lama and where is it found?
Lama is a yak like small animal. It has the capacity of working or carrying more though it eats less in comparison to other animals. It can easily cross hills. It is mostly found in Peru, Bolivia, Chili and Argentina.
South America is the richest continent. Give three reasons.
South America is the richest continent because:
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