Population Composition of Nepal

Subject: Social Studies and Population Education

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Overview

The population can be studied on the basis of caste, gender, literacy rate, occupation, mother tongue, age, qualification, etc. helps to determine the population of any place. This note provides an information about the composition of population in Nepal.
Population Composition of Nepal

There are various factors that affect the population. On the basis of those factors, the population of any area or country can be divided into various groups. They are studied as population structure. The population can be studied on the basis of caste, gender, literacy rate, occupation, mother tongue, age, qualification, etc. helps to determine the population of any place. People of six years of age and above are included in the literacy rate of Nepal. The literacy rate of Nepal is presented in the following table: -

Literacy rate (in percent)

Nepal

Urban Areas

Rural areas

Years 2038 2048 2058 2068 2038 2048 2058 2038 2048 2058
Both gender 23.3 39.6 54.1 65.9 56.0 66.4 71.9 21.3 36.8 51.0
Male 34.0 54.4 65.5 75.1 66.0 77.4 81.2 32.0 51.9 62.6
Female 12.0 25.0 42.8 57.4 44.0 54.3 61.9 10.3 22.0 39.6

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Source: Census, 2068

Population and occupation

The population of any place or country can be divided into various groups on the basis of occupation. The population in accordance to the occupation is presented below: -

Population distribution on the basis of occupation

Occupation

Population (in percent)

Years 2038 2048 2058
Agriculture 91.37 81.10 59.61
Non-agriculture 6.35 18.62 40.47
Others 2.28 0.28 0.08

Urban areas

Agriculture 63.7 23.8 38.16
Non-agriculture 26.4 75.6 61.74
Others 9.9 0.6 0.10

Source: CBS, 2050 and 2060

Things to remember
  • The population can be studied on the basis of caste, gender, literacy rate, occupation, mother tongue, age, qualification, etc. helps to determine the population of any place. 
  • People of six years of age and above are included in literacy rate of Nepal.
  • Population of any place or country can be divided into various groups on the basis of occupation.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Population Composition of Nepal
Nepal Population by Age, Sex,and Educational Attainment
Questions and Answers

Population composition can be defined as the sub-grouping of population, based on some characters like sex of people, age of people, religion of people etc.

Distribution of males and females of a certain population over their different age group is known as population composition by age and sex.

All people of 15-59 years of their age, who are physically capable to earn their livelihood are collectively known as active population.

All people below 15 years and above 60, who are physically incapable to earn their livelihood are collectively known as dependent population.
Composition of population means distribution of the number of population according to characteristics such as age,sex,marital status,socio-economic status. The merits of knowing the composition of population are enlisted below:
  • It helps to find out the structure of population.
  • It helps to study on various demographic indicators.
  • It helps for the future plan such as age composition,sex composition and so on.
  • It is the main pillar of population studies.
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