Internal and External Migration in Nepal

Subject: Social Studies and Population Education

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Overview

Internal migration refers to the movement of people within a country.This note has information about the internal and external migration in Nepal.
Internal and External Migration in Nepal

Internal Migration

Simply, internal migration refers to the movement of people withina country. So, internal migration can be defined as the human migration within one geopolitical entity, usually a nation. The reasons for internal migration are often educational or economic. A general trend of migration from rural to urban areas has also produced a form of internal migration, leading to rapid urbanization in many countries like Nepal. People of Nepal are migrating from mountains and hills to Terai and urban areas. According to the statistics of 2068, the Terai region of Nepal, covers more than 50% of the total population of Nepal. The main reason for this is the migration of people from mountains and hills to Terai. The main reasons for the increment in the population of Terai region are the attractions and facilities of trade, agriculture, employment etc.

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International Migration

Simply, the movement of people from one country to another is called international migration. So, external migration refers to change of residence over national boundaries. External migration takes place for educational or economic reasons as well, but often, it is politically motivated. An international migrant is someone who moves to a different country.

Number of people migrated out in a year

Reasons Number of Persons Percent (%)
Agriculture 7763 1.02
Trade 12060 1.58
Self-service 506221 66.42
Organizational-service 94329 12.38
Education/training 31727 4.17
Marriage 14101 1.85
Others 95970 12.69
Total 762181 100.00

Source: Central Bureau of Statistics, 2003

Things to remember
  • Simply, internal migration refers to the movement of people within a country. So, internal migration can be defined as the human migration within one geopolitical entity, usually a nation.
  • Simply, the movement of people from one country to another is called international migration. So, external migration refers to change of residence over national boundaries.
  • According to the statistics of 2068, the Terai region of Nepal covers more than 50% of the total population of Nepal.
  • The main reasons for the increment in a population of Terai region are the attractions and facilities of trade, agriculture, employment etc.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Internal and External Migration in Nepal
Perspective on migration and returning home-Part 2
This is Nepal - perspective on migration and returning home -Part 1
This is Nepal - perspective on migration and returning home-part 3
This is Nepal - Perspective on Migration and returning home-Part 4
This is Nepal - perspective on migration and returning home-part 5
Questions and Answers

Internal migration can be defined as the human migration within one geopolitical entity, usually a nation.

The movement of people from one country to another is called international migration.

The main reasons for the increment in the population of Terai region are the attractions and facilities of trade, agriculture, employment etc.

External migration takes place for educational or economic reasons as well, but often, it is politically motivated.

Internal migration refers to the movement of people within the country. So, internal migration can be defined as the human migration within one geopolitical entity, usually a nation. The reasons for internal migration are often educational or economic. A general trend of migration from rural to urban areas has also produced a form of internal migration, leading to rapid urbanization in many countries like Nepal. People of Nepal are migrating from mountains and hills to Terai and urban areas. According to the statistics of 2068, the Terai region of Nepal, covers more than 50% of the total population of Nepal. The main reason for this is the migration of people from mountains and hills to Terai. The main reasons for the increment in the population of Terai region are the attractions and facilities of trade, agriculture, employment etc.

The movement of people from one country to another is called international migration. So, external migration refers to change of residence over national boundaries. External migration takes place for educational or economic reasons as well, but often, it is politically motivated. An international migrant is someone who moves to a different country.

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