Salient Features of the Interim Constitution of Nepal 2063 for Integration

Subject: Social Studies and Population Education

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Our country, Nepal is a diverse country. The diversity ranges from ethnic, four caste and thirty-six sub-caste, to landform, Himalayan-Hilly-Terai, to biological, 0.01% of world species. This note has information about the salient features of the interim constitution of Nepal 2063 for integration.
Salient Features of the Interim Constitution of Nepal 2063 for Integration

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Our country, Nepal, is a diverse country. The diversity ranges from ethnic, four caste and thirty-six sub-caste, to landform, Himalayan-Hilly-Terai, to biological, 0.01% of world species. Each ethnic community has its own culture, belief, traditional dress, and religion. As said by King Prithivi Narayan Shah, "Nepal is the common garden of four caste and thirty-six subcaste." Though there is diversity in the community, but there is a common thread to all that is we all are Nepali. Nepal binds us all together. Only single caste or caste system does not signify Nepal, but Nepal signifies all the diversities present in it. We should not feel outsiders or left-behind because we belong to this caste or we should not feel we are superior because of religion we belong to. Nepal is as much as mine belonging to one religion, caste, creed or ideology than to others. We have to feel proud that we are the citizen of "Nepal" the country of diverse and peaceful nation.

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Having all said this we also should make the proper adjustment for people who are left behind due to narrow thinking that was prevalent in old Nepal. Rules presented by the nation should incorporate those people that were left behind by the society and create an environment where everybody can live freely and happily. The process of integrating people left behind in the areas of education, jobs and many more by the nation is called incorporation. The opportunities should be provided to all of the people regardless of their cast, creed, ideology religion or gender. Unless we incorporate everybody in nation building Nepal cannot become a peaceful nation. It is the duty of a nation to motivate and increase the participation of each and every citizen into the nation building so that no one is left behind. We all have to work hands on hand.

Here are some of the features incorporated in the constitution of our country for integration: -

Preamble

Pledging to accomplish the progressive restructuring of the State in order to solve the problems existing in the country relating to class, ethnicity, region and gender;

Part 1, Article 3 Nation:Having multiethnic, multilingual, multireligious and multicultural characteristics with common aspirations and being united by a bond of allegiance to national independence, integrity, national interest and prosperity of Nepal, all the Nepalese people collectively constitute the nation.

Part 1, Article 5 Language of the Nation:(1) All the languages spoken as mother tongues Nepal are the languages of the nation.

Part 3, Article 13 Right to equality:(3) The State shall not discriminate against citizens among citizens on grounds of religion, race, caste, tribe, sex, origin, language or ideological conviction or any of these.
Provided that nothing shall be deemed to prevent the making of special provisions by law for the protection, empowerment or advancement of women, Dalits, indigenous peoples (Adibasi, Janajati), Madhesi or farmers, workers, economically, socially or culturally backward classes or children, the aged and the disabled or those who are physically or mentally incapacitated.

Part 3, Article 13 Right to equality: (4) No discrimination in regard to remuneration social security shall be made between men and women for the same work.

Part 3, Article 14 Right against untouchability and racial discrimination:(1) No person shall be discriminated against as untouchable and subjected to racial discrimination in any form, on grounds of caste, race, community or occupation. Such discriminatory treatment shall be punishable, and the victim shall be entitled to such compensation as determined by law.

Part 3, Article 21 Right to social justice:The economically, socially or educationally backward women, Dalits, indigenous peoples, Madhesi communities,oppressed classes, poor farmers and labors shall have the right to take part in the structures of the State on the basis of the principle of 'proportional inclusion.

Part4, Article 33 Obligations of the State:(d) To make an inclusive, democratic and progressive restructuring of the State, by ending the existing centralized and unitary structure of the State so as to address the problems including those of women,Dalit, indigenous people, Madhesi, oppressed, excluded and minority communities and backward regions, while at the same time doing way with discrimination based on class, caste, language,gender, culture, religion and region;

Part 7, Article 63 Constitution of Constituent Assembly:(4) In selecting candidates pursuant to Sub-clause (a) of Clause (3), political parties shall take into account the principle of inclusiveness; and in enlisting candidates pursuant to Sub-clause (b), political parties shall ensure proportional representation of the women, Dalit, oppressed communities/indigenous peoples, backward regions, Madhesi and other Classes, as provided in law.

Things to remember
  • Our country, Nepal is a diverse country.
  • The diversity ranges from ethnic, 4 caste and 36 sub-caste, to landform, Himalayan-Hilly-Terai, to biological, 0.01% of world species. 
  • All the languages spoken as mother tongues in Nepal are the languages of a nation.
  • No discrimination in regard to remuneration social security shall be made between men and women for the same work.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
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Questions and Answers

The preamble of the constitution is fundamental rights, human rights, adult franchise, periodic elections, full press freedom, independent judicature and concept of the rule of law.

The process of integrating people left behind in the areas of education, jobs and many more by the nation is called incorporation.

Pledging to accomplish the progressive restructuring of the State in order to solve the problems existing in the country relating to class, ethnicity, region and gender;

Part 1, Article 3 Nation:Having multiethnic, multilingual, multireligious and multicultural characteristics with common aspirations and being united by a bond of allegiance to national independence, integrity, national interest and prosperity of Nepal, all the Nepalese people collectively constitute the nation.

Part 1, Article 5 Language of the Nation:(1) All the languages are spoken as mother tongues in Nepal are the languages of the nation.

Part 3, Article 13 Right to equality:(3) The State shall not discriminate against citizens among citizens on grounds of religion, race, caste, tribe, sex, origin, language or ideological conviction or any of these.
Provided that nothing shall be deemed to prevent the making of special provisions by law for the protection, empowerment or advancement of women, Dalits, indigenous peoples (Adibasi, Janajati), Madhesi or farmers, workers, economically, socially or culturally backward classes or children, the aged and the disabled or those who are physically or mentally incapacitated.

Part 3, Article 13 Right to equality: (4) No discrimination in regard to remuneration social security shall be made between men and women for the same work.

Part 3, Article 14 Right against untouchability and racial discrimination:(1) No person shall be discriminated against as untouchable and subjected to racial discrimination in any form, on grounds of caste, race, community or occupation. Such discriminatory treatment shall be punishable, and the victim shall be entitled to such compensation as determined by law.

Part 3, Article 21 Right to social justice:The economically, socially or educationally backward women, Dalits, indigenous peoples, Madhesi communities,oppressed classes, poor farmers and labors shall have the right to take part in the structures of the State on the basis of the principle of 'proportional inclusion.

Part4, Article 33 Obligations of the State:(d) To make an inclusive, democratic and progressive restructuring of the State, by ending the existing centralized and unitary structure of the State so as to address the problems including those of women,Dalit, indigenous people, Madhesi, oppressed, excluded and minority communities and backward regions, while at the same time doing way with discrimination based on class, caste, language,gender, culture, religion and region;

Part 7, Article 63 Constitution of Constituent Assembly:(4) In selecting candidates pursuant to Sub-clause (a) of Clause (3), political parties shall take into account the principle of inclusiveness; and in enlisting candidates pursuant to Sub-clause (b), political parties shall ensure proportional representation of the women, Dalit, oppressed communities/indigenous peoples, backward regions, Madhesi and other Classes, as provided in law.

Right to social justice is included in Part 3, Article 21 of the Interim Constitution of Nepal 2063which states: The economically, socially or educationally backward women, Dalits, indigenous peoples, Madhesi communities,oppressed classes, poor farmers and labors shall have the right to take part in the structures of the State on the basis of the principle of 'proportional inclusion.

Right against untouchability and racial discrimination is included in Part 3, Article 14 of the Interim Constitution of Nepal 2063 which states: (1) No person shall be discriminated against as untouchable and subjected to racial discrimination in any form, on grounds of caste, race, community or occupation. Such discriminatory treatment shall be punishable, and the victim shall be entitled to such compensation as determined by law.

The language of the Nation is included in Part 1, Article 5 of the Interim Constitution of Nepal 2063 which states:(1) All the languages spoken as mother tongues in Nepal are the languages of the nation.

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