Human Rights

Subject: Social Studies and Population Education

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Overview

Human rights are the basic rights and freedoms that all people are entitled to regardless of their age, sex, nationality etc. This note has information about human rights.
Human Rights

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Human are different from other animals. Humans are also called social animals. The behaviour done by the society and state towards the people must not be unprestigious. It should be based on peace, security and justice. Human rights are the basic rights and freedoms that all people are entitled to regardless of their age, sex, nationality, etc. The United Nations (UN) has declared Human rights in 1948 A.D. with an aim of providing necessary requirements for people's growth and development. It was the tireless efforts of Eleanor Roosevelt, the wife of the former US president, Franklin D Roosevelt which resulted in the issue of first Universal Declarations of the Human Rights by the UN on 10th December 1948.

Articles

  1. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.
  2. Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without any kind of distinction.
  3. Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.
  4. No one shall be held in slavery or servitude.
  5. No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
  6. Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.
  7. All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law.
  8. Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.
  9. No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.
  10. Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.
  11. No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence on account of any act or omission which did not constitute a penal offence, under national or international law, at the time when it was committed.
  12. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.
  13. Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state.
  14. Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.
  15. Everyone has the right to seek a refuge in another country.
  16. Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family.
  17. Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others.
  18. Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion.
  19. Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression.
  20. Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.
  21. Everyone has the right of equal access to public service in his country.
  22. Everyone has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation.
  23. Everyone has the right to equal pay for equal work.
  24. Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.
  25. Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family.
  26. Everyone has the right to education.
  27. Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits.
  28. Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this declaration can be fully realized.
  29. Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible.
  30. Everyone has the right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set forth herein.

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Things to remember
  • Human rights are the basic rights and freedoms that all people are entitled to regardless of their age, sex, nationality, etc. 
  • All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.
  • No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.
  • Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.
  • The United Nations (UN) has declared Human rights in 1948 A.D.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Human Rights
Human Rights Channel - 2014 Year in Review
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Questions and Answers

The major function of the National Human Rights Commission is to respect, preserve and promote human rights in the country.

Yes, all fundamental rights are not human rights because some fundamental rights are exclusive of the entire criteria of human development.

Human right refers to the rights that we are entitled to get as a human being and in other words rights to develop owns personality is called human rights.

Universal Declaration of Human Rights was issued on 10th December, 1948.

The idea of human rights was first introduced by Eleanor Roosevelt, the wife of former president of USA.

There are 30 articles in the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

One of the human rights is that people can't be discriminated on the basis of caste, colour, gender, property or social background.

Nepalese have got the following fundamental rights as human rights:

  1. Right to freedom
  2. Right to equality
  3. Right against social discrimination
  4. Press, publication, and broadcasting right
  5. Right to environment and health
  6. Right to education and culture
  7. Right to employment and social security
  8. Right to property
  9. Right to women
  10. Right to social justice
  11. Right to child
  12. Right to religion
  13. Right regarding justice
  14. Right against preventive detention
  15. Right against torture
  16. Right to information
  17. Right to privacy
  18. Right against exploitation
  19. Right to labour
  20. Right against exile
  21. Right to constitutional remedy
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