Subject: Social Studies and Population Education
The executive is the organ that exercises authorityin and holds responsibilityfor the governance of a state.The executive executes and enforces law.Generally it consists of the councils of ministers, head of the state, head of the government. Executive makes programmes and policies and executes the law of passed by legislature. The executive work of Nepal are carried out in the government of Nepal.
In a broader sense, executive includes the law of the country that are empowered to implement by all the government employees. Executive directs, controls and conducts administration of the government. It works through the bureaucracy consisting of all from the secretary of the ministries to the peon of a VDC office.
In modern times, the importance of the executive has increased day by day. Before, the function of the executive was to maintain peace and order and mobilize revenue only. But now, the executive has to work for the all-round development of the nation apart from maintaining peace and order in the country.
The chief functions of the executive are as follows:
What are the functions of an executive?
An executive is one of the important organs of the government which executes the law that have been passed by the parliament. Its main functions are:
What is meant by an executive? Write the structure of present government.
An executive is an organ of government which implements the law into practice. Nepal has a collation government. It is made under the leadership of Maoist. However, it is not the national government. The ministers are selected only from the collation parties. The largest numbers of ministers are of Maoist, the second highest number of ministers is that of Nepal Communist Party (UML) followed by the Madhesi People's right forum. The rest of the ministers is occupied by other parties. NCP (UML) secures the second rank in the council of ministers i.e. the deputy Prime Ministership is occupied by the party.
An executive is the second important organ of government. Why? Write in brief.
Yes, an executive is the second important organ of government. During the recent years, for various reasons, the importance of the executive has increased tremendously. In other word of Prof. Barker, "if the growth of the legislative organ was the notable feature of the 18th century, it may be said that the growth of the executive was only to maintain the legal system and collect the tax from the people in country. It controlled, directed and governed the state according to the constitution and other subordinate law.
Modern democratic state refers to the state of people's welfare. In addition to maintaining peace and good governance, the government of a state must be responsible for each sector of development. Executive, in the name of government, must provide people with food, shelter, clothes, education, health, employment and security.
Prepare a list of six main function of an executive.
The six main functions of an executive are as follows.
How is the council of ministers formed in our country?
The constitution of our country has given the legislature a very important responsibility. The council of the minister is led by prime Minister, who exercises excessive power and is called the 'head of government'. But the cabinet is made responsible to the legislature. The election is held by parliament for the duration of 5 years. The political party which wins the majority or the highest numbers of seats normally forms the government. It elects a leader of its party who is appointed as the prime minister. He has to take the oath of the president. The prime minister further forms the minister in different ministries.
Which organ is the base of the formation of the executive body?
The legislative body is the base of the formation.
How does the Executive body put the public opinion into action?
Executive implements the rules made by the parliament where public opinion are discussed and brought into action.
Which political party led the government after the election of the Constituent Assembly?
Nepal communist party (Maoist) led the government after the election of the Constituent Assembly as being the highest seat winner.
Who is the head of the executive body of government?
The Prime Minister is the head of the executive.
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