Disaster and Disaster Management

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Overview

A disaster is a serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society involving widespread human, material, economic or environmental losses. This note provides an information on disasters.

Disaster and Disaster Management

 

Natural disaster
Natural disaster

A disaster is a serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society involving widespread human, material, economic or environmental losses and impacts, which exceeds the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources. There are two types of disaster. They are:

  1. Natural disaster: Natural disaster is the disaster which occurs naturally. Landslide, volcano, flood, hurricane, lightning, tsunami etc. are the examples of a natural disaster.
  2. Man-made disaster: Disaster caused by humans are the man-made disaster. Desertification, chemical disaster, machinery destruction, transport accidents etc are the man-made disaster.

Causes of disaster

A natural disaster is a disaster caused by nature, such as floods, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, avalanches, lahars (volcanic mudslides), landslides, industrialization sinkholes, blizzards, drought, hailstorms, heat waves, hurricanes, tropical storms, typhoons, Ice Ages, tornadoes, and wildfires. Urbanization, industrialization, unscientific development, unscientific cultivation are the main causes of the disaster.

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Disaster Management

There are various causes of the disaster. According to the cause of the disaster, we can control or prevent such disaster. Following are the methods to manage disaster:

  1. Pre-plan for the natural disaster.
  2. Rescuing the victims of natural disaster.
  3. Helping and rehabilitating the victim of the disaster.

 

Things to remember
  • A disaster is a serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society involving widespread human, material, economic or environmental losses.
  • Natural disaster is the disaster which occurs naturally.
  • Disaster caused by humans is called man made disaster. Desertification, chemical disaster, machinery destruction, transport accidents etc are man made disaster.
  • According to the cause of disaster, we can control or prevent disaster.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
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Questions and Answers

A disaster is a serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society involving widespread human, material, economic or environmental losses and impacts, which exceeds the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources.

There are two types of natural disaster. They are:

  1. Natural disaster
  2. Man-made disaster

Natural disaster are the disaster which occurs naturally. Landslide, volcano, flood, hurricane, lightening, tsunami etc. are the examples of natural disaster.

Disaster caused by humans are man-made disaster. Desertification, chemical disaster, machinery destruction, transport accidents etc are man-made disaster.

Following are the methods to manage disaster:

  1. Pre-plan for the natural disaster.
  2. Rescuing the victims of natural disaster.
  3. Helping and rehabilitating the victim of disaster.

A natural disaster is a disaster caused by nature, such as floods, volcanic eruptions,earthquakes, tsunamis, avalanches, lahars (volcanic mudslides), landslides,sinkholes, blizzards, drought, hailstorms, heat waves, hurricanes, tropical storms,typhoons, Ice Ages, tornadoes, and wildfires. Urbanization, over population, industrialization, unscientific development, unscientific cultivation are the main causes of disaster.

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