Forest Products

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Overview

We get wood and medicinal herbs from the forest. Medicinal and aromatic plants are the valuable forest resources of Nepal. Neem leaves have antiseptic properties. This note provides us an information on forest products.
Forest Products

Forest products are the important natural resources. We get wood and medicinal herbs from the forest. Forest helps to maintain the underground water. Forest also protects from the natural calamities like soil erosion, landslide and flood

Timber Trees

All trees produce wood which is used as fuel. Usually, low-quality wood is used as fuel. The wastage of quality wood is also used for fuel. Wood from trees such as sal, sissoo, pine, deodar etc. is hard and is good quality wood which is used for making furniture and construction houses, bridges etc.It is known as timber.

Medicinal Plant

Medicinal and aromatic plants are the valuable forest resources of Nepal. In Nepal, The medicinal value of plants as neem, amia or tulsi have been known for thousands of years. In Nepal, there are about 800 types of medicinal herbs in Nepal but only 70 are used as medicine. Quinine, the medicine used for the treatment of malaria, is obtained from the bark of the cinchona plant which is found in the different ecological region due to diversity in climate and other ecological factors. Extracts of dhatura and poppy seeds as pain killer and sedatives. Neem leaves have antiseptic properties. They are used to make antiseptic soaps and medicines for the skin. The different parts of the plant like roots, stems, leaves, fruits and seeds are used for medicinal purposes to cure many diseases.

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The plants found in hot climates are different from those found in the cold climate. In the hot and humid climate of Terai region, plants like Harro, Barro, Amala, Asuro. etc. Some medicinal plants at different altitudes are given below:

Medicinal Plants of tropical climate
S.N Common name Scientific name
1. Harro Terminalia chebula
2. Barro Terminalia belerica
3. Rajbriksha Cassia fistula
4. Amia Emblica officinalis
5. Asuro Adhatoda vasica
6. Pipala Piper longum


Medicinal Plants of temperate climate

In Mahabharat range, the climate is temperate. The plants found in this region are given below:

S.N Common name Scientific name
1. Chutro Berberis aristata
2. Kaalo dhaturo Datura metal
3. Chiraatia Swertia chitara
4. Bojho Acorus calamus
5. Sugandhawal Valeriana wallichii
6. Timur Zanthoxylum armatum
7. Beladonna Artropa belladonna
8. Tejpaat Cinnamomum tamala
9. Sarpaghandha Rauwolfia serpentina
10. Vyaakur Dioscorea deltodia wall


Medicinal Plants of alpine climate

The Himalayan Region is cold throughout the year. The following main plants are found in this regions:

S.N Common name English name Scientific name
1. Bikha Acontium palmatum
2. Paanchaunie Orchis latifolia incartana
3. Atis Atis root Acontinum heterophhllum
4. Padamchaal Rhubarb Rheum embody wall
5. Jataamasi Spikenard Nardostachys jatamasi


Things to remember
  • We get wood and medicinal herbs from forest.
  • Wood from trees such as sal, sissoo, pine, deodar etc. is hard and is good quality wood which is used for making furniture and construction houses, bridges etc.
  • Medicinal and aromatic plants are the valuable forest resources of Nepal. 
  • Extracts of dhatura and poppy seeds as pain killer and sedatives.
  • The different parts of the plant like roots, stems, leaves, fruits and seeds are used for medicinal purposes to cure many diseases.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Forest Products
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Questions and Answers

Jatamasi is found at the altitude from 3000 to 5000 meters from sea level.

Serpentine is found in the altitude from 1200 meters from the sea level.

Yarsagumba is found in Mountain Region.

Yarsagumba can be seen in the form of the insect during the winter season and plant during the rainy.

Hilly region the rare plant jatamasi is found.
Angiosperm species of vegetation is found most in Nepal.
Marine ecosystem is not found in Nepal.
Paanch Aule and Yarsagumba are two plants rare in Nepal.
Himalayan Yew is used in curing cancer.
At 3000 m to 5000 m altitude spikenard is found in Nepal.
Serpentina is found Hilly region.
It's used for medicine of cancer.

It looks like an insect in winter and like the plant in summer.

Serpentine is used by patient of high blood pressure.

Harro, barro, bojo, sarpagandha, jatamasi (spikenard), panchaunle, yachagumba are protected medicinal herbs.

Nepal is a small country but rich in biological diversity. It has 5400 vascular plants, including over 254 species of endemic plants and 700 species of medicinal plants. About 53.3% of the total land area of Nepal is covered by forest. Only 11% of the forest lies in Terai and Mountain and more than 50% of forest lies in Terai region. Many valuable tree species are growing in conservation areas, but scientific studies on their identification, validation, conservation and management are yet to be initiated. Forests provide 75% of the total energy consumed in the country (fuel wood) and more than 40% of fodder for livestock is extracted from forests.

Forest products are used in our daily lives. Forest offers watershed protection, timber and non-timber products, and various recreational options. They prevent soil erosion, help in maintaining the water cycle, and check global warming by using carbon dioxide in photosynthesis. When we cut the trees Its not just the trees but whole ecosystem falls apart. The forest provides oxygen which circulates in each and every living being. We cannot imagine our life without forest.

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