Forest

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Overview

Nepal is a small country but rich in biological diversity. About 53.3% of the total land area of Nepal is covered by forest. This note provides us an information on forests and its importance.
Forest

Condition of Forest in Nepal

Nepal is a small country but rich in biological diversity. It has 5400 vascular plants, including over 254 species of endemic plants and 700 species of medicinal plants. About 53.3% of the total land area of Nepal is covered by forest. Only 11% of the forest lies in Terai and Mountain and more than 50% of forest lies in Terai region. Many valuable tree species are growing in conservation areas, but scientific studies on their identification, validation, conservation and management are yet to be initiated. Forests provide 75% of the total energy consumed in the country (fuel wood) and more than 40% of fodder for livestock is extracted from forests.Needs and Importance of Forest

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Needs and Importance of Forest

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Forest products are used in our daily lives. Forest offers watershed protection, timber and non-timber products, and various recreational options. They prevent soil erosion, help in maintaining the water cycle, and check global warming by using carbon dioxide in photosynthesis. When we cut the trees Its not just the trees but whole ecosystem falls apart. The forest provides oxygen which circulates in each and every living being. We cannot imagine our life without forest.

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Protected Plants

Harro, barro, bojo, sarpagandha, jatamasi (spikenard), panchaunle, yachagumba are protected medicinal herbs. These plants are protected by the government as they are in the verge of extinction. Many people are still doing illegal trading of those plants.

Things to remember
  • Nepal is a small country but rich in biological diversity.
  • About 53.3% of the total land area of Nepal is covered by forest.
  • Forests provide 75% of the total energy consumed in the country (fuel wood) and more than 40% of fodder for livestock is extracted from forests.
  • Forest offers watershed protection, timber and non-timber products, and various recreational options.
  • Harro, barro, bojo, sarpagandha, jatamasi (spikenard), panchaunle, yachagumba are protected medicinal herbs.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Forest
Forest Management in Nepal
Nepal: a future for people and forests
Scaling the Mountain: Protecting Forests for Families in Nepal
Questions and Answers
Community forest is a national forest which is entrusted to the management of local community group which has an identification of forest consumer group. The group carries out the management of the community forest such as preserving, promoting and utilizing the forest products. Its objective is to develop the habit of conserving, promoting, and utilizing the forest resources wisely.
Nepal occupied about 8.5 percent bird's species of the world.

Harro, barro, bojo, sarpagandha, jatamasi (spikenard), panchaunle and yachagumba are some protected medicinal herbs.

Nepal is a small country but rich in biological diversity. It has 5400 vascular plants, including over 254 species of endemic plants and 700 species of medicinal plants. About 53.3% of total land area of Nepal is covered by forest. Only 11% of forest lies in Terai and Mountain and more than 50% of forest lies in Terai region. Many valuable tree species are growing inside conservation areas, but scientific studies on their identification, validation, conservation and management are yet to be initiated. Forests provide 75% of the total energy consumed in the country (fuel wood) and more than 40% of fodder for livestock is extracted from forests.

Forest products are used in our daily lives. Forest offers watershed protection, timber and non-timber products, and various recreational options. They prevent soil erosion, help in maintaining the water cycle, and check global warming by using carbon dioxide in photosynthesis. When we cut the trees Its not just the trees but whole ecosystem falls apart. Forest provides oxygen which circulates in each and every living beings. We cannot imagine our life without forest.

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