Electric Shock and Drowning

Subject: Health and Physical Education

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Overview

If any bare part of the body such as hands, legs, etc. touches the exposed part of the electric circuit then a person gets an electric shock. This note provides the information about safety measures and first aid of electric shock and drowning.
Electric Shock and Drowning

Electric shock

http://i.imgur.com/bJWmPFF.jpg

If any bare part of the body such as hands, legs, etc. touches the exposed part of the electric circuit then a person gets an electric shock. Touching a bare electric wire with a bare hand is very dangerous and fatal. People trying to help and disconnect the electric source from victim's body need to be very careful.

Safety measure

  • Always keep the electric plugs, switches, wires and etc. in all the rooms and working areas in a safe way.
  • Never touch the electric plugs and switches with a wet hand.
  • Always switch off appliances such as rice cooker, heaters, TV and radio after use.
  • Immediately cover all the naked wires with insulating tape.

First aid

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  • As soon as someone gets an electric shock, switch off the main support before touching the victims.
  • Find out the state of the victim after disconnecting him off the wire.
  • If the victim is unconscious then provide artificial respiration to bring him back to consciousness.
  • See the nature of burned area from an electric shock and cover it with a clean cloth and soft cloths.

Drowning

http://i.imgur.com/tjqy3cV.jpg

People who have died from drowning in water include children to elderly people, who are not expert swimmers. People may drown in water due to many reasons like inability to swim, being swept away while crossing a river, cramps in legs while swimming, capsizing of the boat etc. When a person drowns, his respiration stops due to water and water enter the lungs and the stomach through the mouth and nose. The drowning person could die if first aid is not available in time.

Safety measure

  • Protect ponds and pool from children.
  • Avoid fooling around, punishing and pulling in the water.
  • Do not swim alone; always swim along with friends.
  • Do not swim in ponds, lakes, rivers and sea unless you are aware of the depths.

First aid

  • Do not enter the water to swim if u are not the perfect swimmers.
  • Clear, if any, mud, dirt or sand in the nose and the throat of the victim.
  • Check whether the victim is breathing or not. If he is not breathing than initiate artificial respiration.
  • Keep the victims in the comfortable place, provide him with a hot tea, milk or coffee.
Things to remember
  • Touching a bare electric wire with a bare hand is very dangerous and fatal.
  • People may drown in water due to many reasons like inability to swim, being swept away while crossing a river, cramps in legs while swimming, capsizing of the boat, etc.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Electric Shock and Drowning
First Aid - Electric Shock
How to Give CPR?
How to rescue unconscious drowning victims?
Questions and Answers

We can prevent electric shocks by following measures:

  • Always keep the electric plugs, switches, wires and etc. in all the rooms and working areas in a safe way.
  • Never touch the electric plugs and switches with the wet hand.
  • Always switch off appliances such as rice cooker, heaters, TV and radio after use.
  • Immediately cover all the naked wires with insulating tape.

I will shut off the power and give him/her first aid.

First aid that I would prescribe for an electrocuted person are as follow:

  1. As soon as someone gets an electric shock, switch off the main support before touching the victims.
  2. Find out the state of the victim after disconnecting him off the wire.
  3. If the victim is unconscious then provide artificial respiration to bring him back to consciousness.
  4. See the nature of burned area from an electric shock and cover it with a clean cloth and soft cloths.

Drowning is the accidental submerging in a pool, well, river, sea, etc of a person who is not able to swim or too tired after swimming.

First aid which should be given to the drowned person are as follows: -

  • Do not enter the water to swim if you are not the perfect swimmers.
  • Clear any mud, dirt or sand in the nose and the throat of the victim.
  • Check whether the victim is breathing or not. If he is not breathing than initiate artificial respiration.
  • Keep the victims in the comfortable place, provide him with a hot tea, milk or coffee.

Any two first aid measure for drowning are: -

  • Do not enter the water to swim if you are not the perfect swimmers.
  • Clear any mud, dirt or sand in the nose and the throat of the victim.

Any two safety measures for drowning are as follows: -

  • Protect ponds and pool from children.
  • Avoid fooling around, punishing and pulling in the water.

Any two safety measures for electric shock are as follows: -

  • Always keep the electric plugs, switches, wires and etc. in all the rooms and working areas in a safe way.
  • Never touch the electric plugs and switches with a wet hand.

Any two first aid measures for electric shock are as follows: -

  • As soon as someone gets an electric shock, switch off the main support before touching the victims.
  • Find out the state of the victim after disconnecting him off the wire.
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