Broken Bone and Shock

Subject: Health and Physical Education

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Overview

The dislocation of bone due to fall from the height or when an outside force is applied is regarded as broken bone. A fracture is also called as broken bone. This note provides the information about safety measures and first aid of broken bone and shock.
Broken Bone and Shock

Broken Bone

A fracture is also called broken bone. The dislocation of bone due to fall from the height or when an outside force is applied is also regarded as broken bone. The bone may be completely fractured or partially fractured in number of ways such as crosswise, lengthwise or in multiple pieces. We can usually see such accidents while playing at the playground of school or home. Other examples can be any fall, a motor vehicle accident, or a tackle during a football game. These all incidents results in a fracture or a broken bone.

A broken bone can be classified into two categories. If a bone is broken into two pieces and there isn't wound outside the body, then it is said to be a normal fracture. It can be easily cured and it takes no longer time to heal. If a bone is broken into more than two pieces, it is said to be a complex fracture. Injuries can be seen on the body in this sort of fracture. It takes a longer period of time to heal.

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Safety Measures

  • Be careful while climbing the wall, roof or tree.
  • Cover the steps or balcony with the fence.
  • Follow the traffic rules while travelling in the road.
  • Listen to the coach or instructor while playing games.
  • Exercise well before you play games.

First aid

  • At first, console and rest the injured person.
  • Do not let move to the broken place.
  • If the blood is seen in the broken parts, it should be stopped.
  • Do not shake the broken part.
  • Take the injured person immediately to the hospital.

Shock

Shock is a life-threatening condition that occurs only when the body is not getting enough blood flow. As lack of blood flow means the cells and organs do not get enough oxygen and nutrients to function properly, multiple organs can suffer damage as a result. Excessive pain, maximum blood loss, scary objects, overheats, physical and mental tiredness, the accident also results to be in shock. Likewise poisonous food, drowning, low amount of water in the body, electric shock is also other reasons.

If conscious, the person may feel faint or be very weak. Shock sometimes causes a person to become anxious. The skin may appear pale or grey. Moreover, hands, legs, nose and mouth freezes. These all are the symptoms of shock.

Safety Measures

  • Stop the flow of blood while bleeding.
  • Do not overdo physical exercise.
  • Drink a lot of water.
  • Carefully use the electrical appliances.
  • Get enough air.

First aid

  • Check the person's airway, breathing, and circulation.
  • Keep the person warm and comfortable. Loosen tight clothing.
  • Give mouth to mouth breathing if the person does not breathe.
  • Provide with soup and juice as the person gets conscious.
  • Take the person to the hospital immediately.
Things to remember
  • The dislocation of bone due to fall from the height or when an outside force is applied is also regarded as broken bone.  We can usually see such accidents while playing at school.
  • Shock is a life-threatening condition that occurs only when the body is not getting enough blood flow. As lack of blood flow means the cells and organs do not get enough oxygen and nutrients to function properly, multiple organs can suffer damage as a result.
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  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
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Questions and Answers

The dislocation of bone due to fall from the height or when an outside force is applied is called broken bone.

The safety measures for broken bone are as follow:

  • Be careful while climbing the wall, roof or tree.
  • Cover the steps or balcony with the fence.
  • Follow the traffic rules while travelling in the road.
  • Listen to the coach or instructor while playing games.
  • Exercise well before you play games.

The first aid treatment for broken bone are:

  • At first, console and rest the injured person.
  • Do not let move at the broken place.
  • If the blood is seen in the broken parts, it should be stopped.
  • Do not shake the broken part.
  • Take the injured person immediately to the hospital.

Shock is a life-threatening condition that occurs only when the body is not getting enough blood flow.

The first aid treatment for shock are:

  • Check the person's airway, breathing, and circulation.
  • Keep the person warm and comfortable. Loosen tight clothing.
  • Give mouth to mouth breathing if the person does not breathe.
  • Provide with soup and juice as the person gets conscious.
  • Take the person to the hospital immediately.

We can prevent from shock by:

  • Stop the flow of blood while bleeding.
  • Do not overdo physical exercise.
  • Drink a lot of water.
  • Carefully use the electrical appliances.
  • Get enough air.
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