Personal Hygiene

Subject: Health and Physical Education

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Overview

Personal hygiene includes taking care of the body, skin, hair, eyes, teeth, legs, as well as our clothes. Physical exercises and supporting activities, sleep and rest and nutritious food come under personal hygiene. This note provides us information about the various changes that occurs during the adolescence period.
Personal Hygiene

If we pay attention to our personal health, we will be able to stay free from several diseases. Personal hygiene includes taking care of the body, skin, hair, eyes, teeth, legs, as well as our clothes. Physical exercises and supporting activities, sleep and rest and nutritious food come under personal hygiene.

Exercise and sporting activities help in the development of various organs and system of the body. This further helps us to live a healthy life. Sleep gives us complete rest. Sleep and rest refresh our mind, muscles, nerves and other organs. We must sleep for 8-10 hours each day according to our age, profession, and work habits.

Nutritious food helps in the mental and physical growth. In the lack of nutritious food, we will suffer from malnutrition. Malnutrition causes body weakness and energy less leading to many diseases. This will make people life more difficult and painful. Therefore, in order to maintain personal health we need to take balanced diet.

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Physical Aspect

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A physical aspect includes growth and development of various organs of the body. According to WHO, age 10-19 is considered adolescent. In this stage, two kinds of changes can be seen: Internal and external changes in height, voice, weight, and size of genitals increases. Internal changes also take place in a digestive system, respiratory system, urinary system, circulatory system, etc. which takes place in this period.

Physical changes observed in adolescents are:

  • After 11 years of age, the physical development is very rapid.
  • The growth in girls height continues until the age of 17 and 18 while that in boys continues for further 1- 2 years.
  • Reproductive organs in both boys and girls start to develop, but they are not mature enough for the reproductive process.
  • In girls, the growth in the size of the breast, menstruation occurs, pubic hair, and armpit hair grows, an increase in the size of vagina and uterus, growth in the size of ovaries, etc. are observed.
  • In boys, the growth of pubic hair, production of sperm, facial hair grows, development of horse voice, etc. are observed.

Ways to keep our body healthy

  • In girls, mensuration starts in this period so they are in required to take a bath to maintain proper hygiene.
  • The genitals should be cleaned while taking a bath.
  • Exercise and rest are also important to keep our body healthy.
  • We should bath regularly.
  • The right amount of nutritious food should be consumed.

Ways to keep our body clean

  • Wash your hands and feet before and after making food and after using the toilet.
  • Cut your fingernails, wash your clothes, bath, and comb your hair daily.
  • Use clean towel and water to make your eyes clean.
  • Bath daily.
  • Wear clean clothes according to the weather.
  • Avoid drugs, alcohol, and tobacco.
  • Don't walk barefoot and use the sandal differently only to go to the toilet.
  • Use of personal towel, comb, brush.

Regular Health Checkup

  • Go for a regular checkup to find out whether the internal organs like liver, heart, kidney etc. are functioning well or not.
  • Checkup for a pregnant woman and babies is a must.
  • Height and weight of kids should be checked time to time.
  • Children should be nourished properly and must be provided with vaccinations and medicines.
  • Eye check-up should be done time to time.
Things to remember
  • Nutritious food helps in the mental and physical growth.
  • In the lack of nutritious food we will suffer from malnutrition.
  • To maintain personal health we need to take balanced diet.
  • A physical aspect includes growth and development of various organs of the body.
  • In adolescence stage, two kinds of changes can be seen: Internal and external changes.
  • After 11 years of age, the physical development is very rapid.
  • Personal hygiene includes taking care of the body, skin, hair, eyes, teeth, legs, as well as our clothes.
  • Physical exercises and supporting activities, sleep and rest and nutritious food come under personal hygiene.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Personal Hygiene
Personal Hygiene 2013
Personal Hygiene: Appearance, Behaviors, Health & Handwashing
Questions and Answers

Sleep and rest refresh our mind, muscles, nerves and other organs and helps to function well so we need proper sleep and rest.

A physical aspect includes growth and development of various organs of the body.

Physical changes observed in adolescents are:

  • After 11 years of age, the physical development is very rapid.
  • The growth in girls height continues till the age of 17 and 18, while that in boys continues for further 1- 2 years.
  • Reproductive organs in both boys and girls start to develop, but they are not mature enough for the reproductive process.
  • In girls growth in the size of the breast, menstruation occurs, pubic hair, and armpit hair grows, an increase in the size of vagina and uterus, growth in the size of ovaries, etc. are observed.
  • In boys growth of pubic hair, production of sperm, facial hair grows, development of horse voice, etc. are observed.

Some of the ways to keep our body healthy are as follow:

  • In girls, mensuration starts in this period so they are in required to take the bath to maintain proper hygiene.
  • The genitals should be cleaned while taking the bath.
  • Exercise and rest are also important to keep our body healthy.
  • We should bath regularly.
  • The right amount of nutritious food should be consumed.

We should use safe water because to maintain proper hygiene and to be free from waterborne diseases.

The above statement is true. I fully agree the given statement. If there is good health then we can gain everything. If we can maintain our health, If we are physically and mentally strong then only we can earn money, feel happiness perform properly. Thus, we can say that health is the greatest wealth.

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