Heart Diseases

Subject: Health and Physical Education

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Overview

A heart attack is considered as most dangerous and fatal disease among all non-communicable diseases. This note provides an information about the heart diseases: heart attack, high blood pressure and low blood pressure.
Heart Diseases

Heart Attack

A heart attack is considered as most dangerous and fatal disease among other non-communicable diseases.This is the most commonly due to occlusion(blockage) of the coronary artery by fatty lipids, leading to sudden irregular beating of the heart. There is no specific treatment for this disease.

Causes

  • High Blood pressure and Diabetes
  • Deposition of fats in blood vessels
  • Obesity
  • High cholesterol level in blood
  • Malfunctioning of cardiac muscles
  • Alcoholism and sedentary lifestyle

Symptoms

  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of consciousness

Preventive measures

  • Balanced diet and physical exercises
  • Proper rest and sleep
  • Avoid fatty acids and spicy food
  • Avoid stress and anxiety
  • Avoid overload of work

High Blood Pressure

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High blood pressure occurs to a person who eats a lot of oily, spicy and nutritious food regularly but does not do physical activities. If the blood pressure is more than 130/90 mm then it is known as high blood pressure.

Causes

  • Consuming oily, hot chilly, spicy and salty food continuously for a long period of time.
  • The presence of noise, quarrel, fight, jealousy, etc. at home which creates mental worries and tension.
  • Smoking, chewing tobacco, consuming beer and alcohol excessively for a long period of time.
  • Dysfunctions by the adrenal gland, pituitary gland and parathyroid glands in our body.
  • Obesity and abnormal gain in body weight.

Symptoms

  • Gradual increase in blood pressure
  • Regular headaches
  • Loss of appetite
  • Laziness and weakness of body
  • Sleeplessness

Preventive measures

  • Avoid spicy, oily and unhealthy foodstuffs
  • Avoid tension and mental worries
  • Balance in intake of salt

Low Blood Pressure

If the blood pressure gradually decreases from 120/80 mm to 90/60 mm, then this condition is known as low blood pressure. Low blood pressure is also considered as hazardous for health.

Causes

  • Lack of nutritious food in daily life
  • Staying without food for several days
  • Abnormally lean, thin and weak body
  • Engaging in excessive physical and mental exercise
  • Excessive bleeding from cuts

Symptoms

  • Weak pulse and slow heartbeat
  • Physical weakness and dizziness
  • Physical imbalance
  • Fainting
  • Inefficient blood circulation

Preventive measures

  • Never use drugs.
  • Avoid eating very oily, fatty, chilly hot and spicy foods.
  • Maintain appropriate body weight.
  • Eat a balanced diet and do regular physical exercise.
  • Stay away from unnecessary tension, worries and mental tension.
  • Do regular health check-ups.

Rheumatic heart disease (RHD)

It is a chronic heart condition that is caused by rheumatic fever. It can be prevented and controlled. Treating strep throat with antibiotics can prevent rheumatic fever. Also, regular antibiotics can also prevent patients with rheumatic fever from contracting further strep infections and causing progression of valve damage. The early symptoms are throat pain, sore throat, fever etc. As the symptoms are seen, it is likely to visit doctor‘s advice and take medicine.

Things to remember
  • Heart attack is considered as most dangerous and fatal disease among other non-communicable disease.
  • If the blood pressure is more than 130/90 mm then it is known as high blood pressure.
  • If the blood pressure gradually decreases from 120/80 mm to 90/60 mm, then this condition is known a low blood pressure.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Heart Diseases
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High Blood Pressure
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Low Blood Pressure
Understanding High Blood Pressure
What happens during a Heart Attack?
What Is a Low Blood Pressure Reading?
Questions and Answers

The heart attack is considered as most dangerous and fatal disease among other non-communicable diseases.This is the most commonly due to occlusion(blockage) of the coronary artery by fatty lipids, leading to sudden irregular beating of the heart.There is no specific treatment for this disease.

Preventive measures of heart attack are as follow:

  • Balanced diet and physical exercises
  • Proper rest and sleep
  • Avoid fatty acids and spicy food
  • Avoid stress and anxiety
  • Avoid overload of work

It is a chronic heart condition that is caused by rheumatic fever. It can be prevented and controlled. Treating strep throat with antibiotics can prevent rheumatic fever. Also, regular antibiotics can also prevent patients with rheumatic fever from contracting further strep infections and causing progression of valve damage. The early symptoms are throat pain, sore throat, fever etc. As the symptoms are seen, it is likely to visit doctor‘s advice and take medicine.

The causes of low blood pressure are as follow:

  • Lack of nutritious food in daily life
  • Staying without food for several days
  • Abnormally lean, thin and weak body
  • Engaging in excessive physical and mental exercise
  • Excessive bleeding from cuts.

Symptoms of low blood pressure are as follow;

  • Weak pulse and slow heartbeat
  • Physical weakness and dizziness
  • Physical imbalance
  • Fainting
  • Inefficient blood circulation

Symptoms of high blood pressure are as follow:

  • Gradual increase in blood pressure
  • Regular headaches
  • Loss of appetite
  • Laziness and weakness of body
  • Sleeplessness

Preventive measures:

  • Avoid spicy, oily and unhealthy foodstuffs
  • Avoid tension and mental worries
  • Balance in intake of salt

Heart attack takes place due to the occlusion(blockage) of the coronary artery by fatty lipids, leading to sudden irregular beating of the heart.

Any two causes of heart attack are as follows: -

  • High Blood pressure and Diabetes
  • Deposition of fats in blood vessels

Any two causes of heart attack are as follows: -

  • High Blood pressure and Diabetes
  • Deposition of fats in blood vessels

Any two symptoms of heart attack are as follows: -

  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath

Any two causes of high blood pressure are as follows: -

  • Consuming oily, hot chilly, spicy and salty food continuously for a long period of time.
  • The presence of noise, quarrel, fight, jealousy, etc. at home which creates mental worries and tension.

Any two symptoms of high blood pressure are as follows: -

  • Gradual increase in blood pressure
  • Regular headaches

If the blood pressure gradually decreases from 120/80 mm to 90/60 mm, then this condition is known as low blood pressure.

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