Safe Sexual Behaviour and Reproductive Health

Subject: Health and Physical Education

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Overview

Reproductive health is a condition when women and men enjoy a satisfying and safe sex and the capacity to reproduce offspring and the freedom to decide if, when and how often to do sex. This note has information about safe sexual behavior and reproductive health.
Safe Sexual Behaviour and Reproductive Health
Reproductive Health
Sexual Behaviour

In the adolescence, many hormones are produced in a body. Reproductive organs develop rapidly in this period. Due to hormonal effect adolescents are attracted towards sexuality. Activities or attitude towards the sex is considered as sexual behaviours. Many adolescents are prone to sexually transmitted disease like AIDS, gonorrhoea etc. Many girls die due to unsafe abortion every year. So, it is essential for the adolescent to know about the methods of safe sexual behaviours.

Methods of safe sexual behaviours

  • To have sexual relationship with only a partner
  • To use condom before sex
  • To avoid the sexual relationship with a person with the sexually transmitted disease (STDs)
  • To accept the physical changes in adolescent period
  • To avoid the sexual abuse

Reproductive health

Reproductive health is a state when women and men enjoy a safe sex and have the capacity to reproduce offspring and have the freedom to decide if, when and how often to have sex. All people have the right to access safe, effective, affordable family planning of their choice, as well as appropriate maternal care to ensure safe pregnancy and childbirth and bring up a healthy child. Such services will also help to protect women and men from HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections. Empowering women with knowledge and awareness about health is fundamental to achieving global health.

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Concept of safe abortion

Abortion is a social crime. It is an induced termination of pregnancy before the fetus has developed. The unsafe abortion may create various problems which may sometimes lead to maternal death. Thus, the prevention and control of abortion and treatment of problems aroused due to abortion is one of the part of reproductive health. According to 'safe sexual abortion service process 2060 B.S', if doctor recommends abortion due to risk in the physical and mental health of female and an unhealthy baby, is about to born, then abortion can be done. Abortion can be done without recommendation if pregnancy is below 12 weeks and if girl conceives without her will. Abortion cannot be done without the will of the pregnant women but if the woman is unconscious or she is below 16 years then parents approval is necessary.

Abortion cannot be done in following situation
  • Abortion can not be performed by threatening, cheating or luring.
  • Abortion cannot be done after recognizing the gender of the fetus.
  • Abortion cannot be done in an inappropriate situation or situation not approved by the government for abortion.
Problems due to unsafe abortion
  • If abortion is not done properly then women may die due to excess bleeding.
  • Uterus may get infected.
  • Uterus may get damaged.
  • Women may become sterile.
  • Pain in lower abdomen.
Methods of safe abortion
  • Medical abortion can be done if pregnancy is below 9 weeks.
  • If pregnancy is about 12 weeks then abortion can be done by the meditional device.
Things to remember
  • Many adolescents are prone to sexually transmitted disease like AIDS, gonorrhoea etc. 
  • Abortion is a social crime. It is an induced termination of pregnancy before the fetus has developed.
  • Abortion can be done without recommendation if pregnancy is below 12 weeks and if girl conceives without her will. 
  • Abortion cannot be done in inappropriate situation or situation not approved by the government for abortion.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Safe Sexual Behaviour and Reproductive Health
It Begins with One: Sexual & Reproductive Health & Rights
Sexual and reproductive health and rights -- deconstructing the myths
Questions and Answers

The methods of safe sexual behaviours are:

  • To have sexual relationship with only a partner
  • To use condom before sex
  • To avoid the sexual relationship with a person with the sexually transmitted disease (STDs).
  • To accept the physical changes in adolescent period
  • To avoid the sexual abuse

The condition when the abortion cannot be done are:

  • Abortion can not be performed by threatening, cheating or luring.
  • Abortion cannot be done after recognizing the gender of the fetus.
  • Abortion cannot be done in inappropriate situation or situation not approved by the government for abortion.

The problems that may arise due to unsafe abortion are:

  • If abortion is not done properly then women may die due to excess bleeding
  • Uterus may get infected
  • Uterus may get damaged
  • Women may become sterile
  • Pain in lower abdomen
  • Women may die

The methods of safe sexual abortion are:

  • Medical abortion can be done if pregnancy is below 9 weeks.
  • If pregnancy is about 12 weeks then abortion can be done by the meditational device.

Reproductive health is a condition when women and men enjoy a satisfying and safe sex and the capacity to reproduce offspring and the freedom to decide if, when and how often to do sex. All people have the right to access safe, effective, affordable family planning of their choice, as well as appropriate maternal care to ensure safe pregnancy and childbirth and bring up a healthy child. Such services will also help to protect women and men from HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections. Empowering women with knowledge and awareness about health is fundamental to achieving global health.

WHO has defined reproductive health as, "a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity in all matters relating to the reproductive system and to its function and process.

Reproduction is the characteristics of living beings by which every kind of living beings multiplies to form new individuals of its own kind.

There are two types of reproductive system:

  • Male reproductive system
  • Female reproductive system
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