Verbs: Expressing the Present

Subject: English

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Overview

This note explains about the verbs expressing present .

Verbs: Expressing the Present

The present tense of be

Be is used in two ways. It is used as an ordinary verb. It is also used to form other tenses:

He is happy. ( Is is a form of be. In this sentence, be has been used as an ordinary verb. )

He is playing. ( In this sentence, the verb is playing. So be has been used to form another tense. )

When be is used to form other tense, it is called an auxiliary verb. It has the same form whether it is used as an ordinary verb or as an auxiliary verb.

Form

Positive Negative Interrogative
I am / I'm I am not / I'm not am I?
we are / we're we are not / we're not are we?
she is / she's she is not / she's not is she?

 

The present tense of have

Like be, have can also be used in two ways: (i) as an ordinary verb, and (ii) as an auxiliary verb to make other tenses. When it is used as an ordinary verb, it expresses possession.

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Form

Positive Negative Interrogative
I have / I've I have no / I've no have I?
we have / we've we have no / we've no have we?

Simple present tense

She plays excellent badminton.

The verb in a bold letter is in simple present tense.

Form

Positive Negative Interrogative
I play I do not play do I play?
we play we do not play do we play?

Where to use the simple present tense

  1. The main use of simple present tense is to express the action done as a matter of habit or actions done repeatedly: Monkey eat bananas.(habit)
  2. This tense expresses scientific facts and permanent truths: A magnet attract iron.
  3. This tense is also used to express natural qualities and professional activities: Honey tastes sweet. ( natural quality)

Present continuous tense

I am waiting for a bus.

The verb in a bold letter is in Present continuous tense.

Form

  • In affirmative sentences, we use is/am/are + -ing form of the verb: I am playing; We are playing; He is playing.
  • In negative sentences, not is inserted after the first part of the verb: I am not playing; He is not playing.
  • In interrogative sentences, the first part of the verb is put before the subject: Is he playing? Are you playing?

Where to use the present continuous tense

  1. The present continuous tense denotes an action taking place at the time of speaking.
  2. It is used to denote a temporary action which may not be necessarily happening at the time of speaking.
  3. It is also used to denote an action about to take place in the near future.

Simple present or present continuous?

  • The simple present tense expresses a habitual action. The present continuous tense expresses an action taking place at the time of speaking:

The teacher corrects our work everyday. (habitual or repeated action)

The teacher is correcting our work now. (work going on at the time of speaking)

  • With the simple present tense, e use words like always, never, often, usually, sometimes, everyday, etc. With the present continuous tense, we use words like now, today, etc.:

Does it usually rain here in June? (Simple present)

It is raining heavily today. (Present continuous)

Things to remember

Verbs: Expressing the Present

  • The present tense of be
  • The present tense of have
  • Simple present tense
  • Present continuous tense
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.

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