Verbs: Expressing the Future

Subject: English

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This note explains about the verbs expressing future.

Verbs: Expressing the Future

Will/shall (simple future)

I shall/will bethirteen next week.

The principal will not accept this proposal.

Yes, I will.


will/shall + the root form of the verb

Normally we use will with all persons. With first person, we may use shall instead of will, but even that is not common.

Short forms

will/shall = 'll

will not = won't

shall not = shan't

Where to use will/shall

  1. Offering to do something
  2. Agreeing to do something
  3. Promising to do something
  4. Asking somebody to do something
  5. To express an action over which the speaker does not have any control

Going to

The teacher is going to give us a test today.

It is going to rain.

Where to use the going to form

  1. We use the going to form to suggest people's intention to do something in the near future. e.g. We are going to shit to a new house tomorrow.
  2. We use this form to make predictions about the future when there are clear signs that this prediction will come true. e.g. Look at the careless manner in which he is playing. He is going to get out of any moment.

Future continuous

We will be waiting for you.

He will be sleeping.


will be/shall be + -ing form of verb


We use this tense to express an action that will be in progress at a given moment in the future, or to express an action that is fairly certain to happen in the future: At 9 p.m., I shall be taking my dinner.

Future perfect

I shall have finished the painting by 8 p.m.

Will you have gone through my answers by tomorrow?


will have/shall have + past participle form of the verb


This tense is used to express an action completed before a given moment in the future: They will have declared the results by next Monday.

Future perfect continuous tense

By,5 o'clock I will have been reading that novel for three hours.


will/shall + have been + -ing form of the verb


This tense is used to express an action which will begin before a definite moment in the future, will continue up to that moment and will be in progress even at that moment: By 5 p.m., I shall have been riding a bicycle for two hours.

















Things to remember

Verbs: Expressing the Future

  • Will/shall (simple future)
  • Going to
  • Future continuous
  • Future perfect
  • Future perfect continuous tense
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.

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