Verbs: Active and Passive Voice

Subject: English

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Overview

This note explains about the Verbs active and passive voice.

Verbs: Active and Passive Voice

A transitive verb ( a verb which has an object ) has two voices:

  1. Active voice
  2. Passive voice

When the subject of a verb also performs the action named in the verb, the verb is said to be in the active voice. For an example :

The teacher is respected by Samir.

When the subject of a verb receives the action named in the verb, the verb is said to be in the passive voice.For an example:

Samir respects the teacher.

The object or the subject may be a long phrase instead of a single word. But when the sentence in the active voice is rewritten in the passive voice, the whole phrase will change its position.

The wind uprooted a large number of trees and electric poles. (Active)

A large number of trees and electric poles were uprooted by the wind. (Passive)

When the verb in the active voice takes two objects, there are two forms in the passive voice:

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Your uncle teaches us English. (Active)

We are taught English by your uncle. (Passive) Or

English is taught to us by your uncle. (passive)

Active verbs followed by prepositions retain them when they are changed into passive voice:

She did not care for me. (Active)

I was not cared for by her. (passive)

Simple Present

We use this room on special occasions. (Active)

This room is used on special occasions. ( Passive)

Does he still love me? (Active)

Am I still loved by him? (Passive)

Active voice.root form of the verb, sometimes with -s or -es (use, does love, keeps)

Passive voice. is/ are/ am + past participle form of the verb (is used, am loved, are kept)

Simple past

The driver immediately applied the brakes. ( Active)

The brakes were immediately applied by the driver. (Passive)

Did you receive my letter in time? ( Active )

Was my letter received by you in time? ( Passive )

Active voice. the past tense of the verb ( applied, did receive, organised )

Passive voice. was/were + past participle form of the verb ( were applied, was received, was organised )

Simple future

I shall post these letters tomorrow. ( Active )

These letters will be posted tomorrow. ( Passive )

Active voice. shall/ will + root form of the verb ( shall post, will hold )

Passive voice. shall be/ will be + past participle form of the verb ( will be posted, will be held )

Present continuous

Our drama society is staging a ballet.( Active )

A ballet is being staged by our drama society. ( Passive )

Active voice. is/ are/ am + -ing form of the verb ( is staging, are pulling )

Passive voice. is/ are/ am + being + past participle form of the verb ( is being staged; are being pulled )

Past continuous

All of us were cheering our team. (Active)

Our team was being cheered by all of us. (Passive)

Active voice. was/ were + -ing form of the verb ( were cheering, were rehearsing )

Passive voice. was/ were + being + past participle form of the verb ( was being cheered, was being rehearsed )

Future continuous

Verbs in the future continuous tense cannot be expressed in the passive voice.

Perfect perfect

We have produced a number of books for children. (Active)

A number of books have been produced for children. (Passive)

Active voice. has/have + past participle form of the verb ( have produced, has used )

Passive voice. has/have + been + past participle form of the verb ( have been produced, has been used )

Past perfect

My father had already purchased the tickets. ( Active )

The tickets had already been purchased by my father. ( Passive )

Active voice. had + past participle form of the verb ( had purchased, had taken )

Passive voice.had been + past participle form of the verb ( had been purchased, had been taken )

Future perfect

They will have counted the votes before night. ( Active )

The votes will have been counted before night. ( Passive )

Active voice. will/shall + have + past participle form of the verb (will have counted, will have selected)

Passive voice. will/shall + have been + past participle form of the verb (will have been counted, will have been selected)

Perfect continuous

Verbs in the perfect continuous tenses cannot be expressed in the passive voice.

Modal auxiliaries ( can, could, may, might, should, would, must, ought to)

They should punish the guilty. ( Active )

The guilty should be punished. ( Passive )

We ought to preserve our heritage. ( Active )

Our heritage ought to be preserved. ( Passive )

Active voice. the auxiliary + root form of the verb ( should punish, ought to preserve, may bless )

Passive voice. the auxiliary + be +past participle form of the verb ( should be punished, ought to be preserved, may be blessed )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Things to remember

Verbs: Active and Passive Voice

  • Simple Present
  • Simple past
  • Simple future
  • Present continuous
  • Future continuous
  • Perfect perfect
  • Past perfect
  • Future perfect
  • Perfect continuous
  • Modal auxiliaries ( can, could, may, might, should, would, must, ought to)
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Questions and Answers

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The entrance exam was failed by over one-third of the students.

The soundtrack will've been completely remixed by them.

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