Sentences, Simple, Compound and Complex

Subject: English

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Overview

Simple sentence

A sentence which has only one finite verb in it is called a simple sentence. 

Compound sentence; coordinate clauses

A sentence made up of two or more principal or main clauses is called a compound sentence. The clauses of a compound sentence are called coordinate clauses.

 

Complex sentence: subordinate clauses

A sentence made up of a principal ( or main ) clause and one or more subordinate clauses is called a complex sentence.

Sentences, Simple, Compound and Complex

A group of words that makes complete sense is called a sentence. For an example:

An old man watches the boy and girl playing.

He is heading towards the

Simple sentence

A sentence which has only one finite verb in it is called a simple sentence. Let's take an example:

An old man sat under the tree.

( Here sat is a verb, which is a finite verb. )

Compound sentence; coordinate clauses

A sentence made up of two or more principal or main clauses is called a compound sentence. The clauses of a compound sentence are called coordinate clauses.For an example:

The boy ran away and the old man was left alone.

There are two finite verbs in this sentence: ran ( with boy as its subject ) and was left ( with man as a subject ). This sentence is made up of two clauses, each containing a finite verb, and linked by the conjunction and.

The clause are:

  1. The boy ran away.
  2. The old man was left alone.

Neither of these clauses depends on the other. Both of them are of equal importance. In fact, they could have been expressed as two separate short sentences:

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The boy ran away. The old man was left alone.

A sentence of this kind is called a compound sentence.

Complex sentence: subordinate clauses

A sentence made up of a principal ( or main ) clause and one or more subordinate clauses is called a complex sentence. For an example:

Priya ordered the lunch because I was feeling hungry.

There are two finite verbs in this sentences: ordered (with Priya as its subject ) and was feeling ( with I as its subject ). There are thus two clauses:

  1. Priyanka ordered lunch.
  2. Because I was feeling hungry.

The first of these clauses make sense, but not complete sense and is capable of standing on its own as an independent sentence. This clause is called the main or principalclause.

The other clause makes sense, but not complete sense. Besides, it cannot stand on its own as an independent sentence. To convey its full meaning, it has to be joined to the first clause. This clause is called a subordinate clause. This sentence itself is called a complex sentence.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Things to remember

Sentences, Simple, Compound and Complex

  • Simple sentence
  • Compound sentence; coordinate clauses
  • Complex sentence: subordinate clauses
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.

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