Pronouns

Subject: English

Find Your Query

Overview

A pronoun is a word used in a place of a noun. This note gives the information about the pronoun and its types.
Pronouns

A pronoun is a word used in a place of a noun.As nouns, pronouns also have same functions.And it provides us variety in how we communicate by replacing nouns.

For an example: Manisha is a brilliant girl. She is the favourite of all the teachers. All of them admire her.

In the given example above, the words she and her stand for the noun Manisha. The word them stands for teachers. So her, she and them are pronouns.

Pronoun can be of 8 kinds and they are:

  1. Perssonal pronouns
  2. Demonstrative pronouns
  3. Interrogative pronouns
  4. Reflexive pronouns
  5. Emhasising pronouns
  6. Indefinite pronouns
  7. Relative pronouns
  8. Reciprocal pronouns

Personal pronouns

Pronouns that stands for persons or things is known as personal pronouns. (In the above sentence above, she, her and them are personal pronouns.)

For example:

These gloves are mine.

Scholarships after +2 Abroad Studies Opportunities

Demonstrative pronouns

Pronouns used to point out the object or objects to which they refer is known as demonstrative pronouns.

For example:

This is a large house.

Interrogative pronouns

Pronouns used to ask a question is known as interrogative pronouns.

For example:

Who brought these flowers?

Reflexive pronouns

Pronouns like myself, yourself, when used as a receiver of an action is known as reflexive pronouns.

For example:

I hurt myself.

Emphasising pronouns

A pronoun used to convey emphasis is known as emphasizing pronouns.

For example:

You yourself chose these shoes.

Indefinite pronouns

Pronouns that stands for some noun understood or implied is known as an indefinite pronoun.

For example:

Many were invited but few came.

Relative pronouns

A pronoun that relates a noun to a group of words that follow is known as relative pronouns.

For example:

We admire the man who does his duty sincerely.

Reciprocal pronouns

A pronoun which express mutual action or relationship is known as reciprocal pronouns.

For example:

Ram and Sita help each other.

Personal pronouns

There are 3 persons. they are first person, second person, and third person.

The first person refers to the speaker(s) or writer(s) (''I'' for singular,''We'' for plural ).

eg: I fell down in a way and some body help me to get up.

The second person is a person spoken to (''You'' for both singular and plural ).

eg: Will you give me your phone number?

And the third person is the person (or thing) spoken about.(''he'', ''she'', and''it'' for singilar,''they'' for plural).

The various form of personal pronouns are:

Person

used as

a subject

used as

an object

Possesive

form

reflexing or

emphasisingform

Remarks

singular

plural

I

we

me

us

mine

ours

myself

ourselves

used for both masculine

and feminine

singular

plural

you

you

you

you

yours

yours

yourself

yourselves

used for both masculine

and feminine

singular

singular

singular

plural

he

she

it

they

him

her

it

them

his

hers

theirs

himself

herself

itself

themselves

masculine

feminine

neuter

all genders

Reflexive and emphatic pronouns

The are differ in their meaning but both reflexive and emphatic pronouns have the same forms.

Reflexive Pronouns

Emphatic Pronouns

If you remove the reflexive pronoun

the sentence would not make complete sens.

We tried to free ourselves.

She talks to herself.

The light turns itself off.

If you remove the emphatic pronoun

the sentence would make sens.

He brought a fruit for himself.

We will read a book ourselves.

Did you write this poem yourself?

On the basis of the subject we choose both reflexive and emphatic pronouns.Imperative sentences which have no subjects take 'yourself/yourselves'.For example:

  • I repaired my bike myselves.
  • we really enjoyed ourselves very much.
  • Why don't you clean the windows yourselves ?
  • He keeps himself apart from other people.

Here, 'each other' and 'one another are the reciprocal pronouns.We use one another if there is more than two people.And we use each other if there is only two people.

If:

Ram gave Sham a pen and sham also gave Ram a pen.

We can say that:

Ram and Sham gave each other pens.(or, Ram and Sham gave pens to each other.)

If:

Ram gave Sham a pen, Sham also gave a Ram a pen,Sujan gave Ram a pen, Sham gave

Sujan a pen,Sujan gave Sham a pen, and Ram gave Sujan a pen.

We can say that:

Ram,Sham and Sujan gave one another pens.( or Ram, Sham and Sujan gave pens to one another.)

Relative pronouns

Who (whose, whom), whichand that are the words most frequently used relative pronouns. As is also sometimes used as a relative pronoun.

  • As a rule, who (whose, whom) is used for persons only. It has the same form whether it refers to a singular or plural noun or a noun of masculine, feminine or common gender. For example, The farmer who was eager to work immediately started ploughing the field.
  • Which is used for things without life and for animals. For example, The tiger which had turned a man-eater could not be located.
  • That is used for both persons and things. For example, This is the man that I have been speaking of.
  • What refers to things only. For example, What cannot be cured must be endured.
  • The word as is also sometimes used as a relative pronoun. It is used after the word such sometimes after the word same.For example, His problem is the same as yours.

Omission of the relative pronoun

We can often leave out the relative pronoun when it is in the objective case:

This is the pen with which I wrote the letter.

This is the pen I wrote the letter with.

(Which is omitted and the position of the preposition with is changed.)

The man about whom you are inquiring is a friend of mine

The man you are enquiring about is a friend of mine.

Position of the relative pronouns

The relative pronoun should be placed as near as possible to the noun or the pronoun it refers to; otherwise sometimes the sentences we write might look absurd.

Joining sentences with relative pronouns

We can use relative pronouns to join sentences. For example:

I have found the purse. I had lost it.

I have found the purse which I had lost.

Things to remember
  • Pronouns that stands for persons or things is known as personal pronouns.
  • Pronouns used to point out the object or objects to which they refer is known as demonstrative pronouns. 
  • Pronouns used to ask a question is known as interrogative pronouns.
  • Pronouns like myself, yourself, when used as a receiver of an action is known as reflexive pronouns.
  • Pronoun used to convey emphasis is known as emphasizing pronouns.
  • A pronoun that relates a noun to a group of words that follow is known as relative pronouns.
  • Pronouns that stands for some noun understood or implied is known as an indefinite pronoun.
  • Pronouns that show possession is known as possessive pronouns.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Quiz

© 2019-20 Kullabs. All Rights Reserved.