Nouns

Subject: English

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Overview

A noun can be defined as the name of a person, animal, place or thing.There are four kinds of noun namely, proper noun, common noun, collective noun and abstract noun.
Nouns

Noun

A noun can be defined as the name of a person, animal, place or thing. Nouns are classified on the basis of following categories:

  • Naming
  • Counting
  • Gender
  • Number

On the basis of Naming

There are four kinds of nouns on the basis of naming/ concrete as follows:

  1. Proper Noun
    A noun that indicates a particular being or thing is known as proper noun.
    For example: Nepal, Raj, Bhaktapur, Sapta Kosi, etc.

  2. Common Noun
    A noun denoting a class of objects is known as the common noun.
    For example: country, city, river, person, etc.

  3. CollectiveNoun
    A noun that denotes a collection of individual as a unit is known as the collective noun.
    For example: class, army, crew, fleet, etc.

  4. Abstract nouns
    A noun that refers to a thing that does not exist as a material object is known as abstract nouns.
    For example:kindness, pride, happiness, beauty, etc.

    Formation of abstract nouns

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    We can form abstract nouns from:
    adjectives: brave-bravery; long-length; false-falsehood.
    verbs: know-knowledge; choose-choice; judge-judgement.
    common nouns: child-childhood; friend-friendhood; slave-slavery.

    Suffix Word Abstract noun
    hood

    child

    boy

    man

    childhood

    boyhood

    manhood

    acy private privacy
    age

    break

    short

    marry

    breakage

    shortage

    marriage

    dom

    free

    wise

    freedom

    wisdom

    ity

    equal

    moral

    real

    active

    clear

    able

    equality

    morality

    reality

    activity

    clarity

    ability

    ence

    absent

    innocent

    patient

    absence

    innocence

    patience

    ice

    coward

    just

    cowardice

    justice

    ship

    friend

    hard

    friendship

    hardship

    tion

    act

    invent

    destroy

    repeat

    attract

    perfect

    action

    invention

    destruction

    repetition

    attraction

    perfection

    sion

    decide

    omit

    provide

    decision

    omission

    provision

    th

    bear

    deep

    grow

    long

    true

    birth

    depth

    growth

    length

    truth

    ty

    certain

    loyal

    cruel

    certainty

    loyalty

    cruelty


On the basis of Counting

Noun can be classified into following two types on the basis of counting:

  1. Countable Noun
    Countable nouns refer to anything that can be counted. Nouns like country, river, person, class, army can be counted. So they are called countable or count nouns. Generally speaking, most of the common and collective nouns are countable.Countable may be used with words as a, one, two, few ( a few ), many, etc. asa pen, one student, a few apples, many children.

  2. Uncountable Noun
    Uncountable nouns refer to anything that cannot be counted. Proper nouns like Nepal, Raj, Bhaktapur name particular person or thing. There is only one kind of their kind. So they are called uncountables or uncount noun. Some common nouns that name materials like wood, milk, tea, ink, glass are also uncountable.Uncountable cannot be used with these words. We cannot say: a milk, one wheat, a few kindness. With uncountables, we can use words like little (a little), much asa little milk, much help.

Some words can be used as both countable and an uncountable. like:

  • Some houses are made of stone. (Stone is an uncountable)
    The child threw a stone at me. (Stone is countable)

  • This jug is made of glass. (glass is an uncountable)
    I have taken a glass of milk. (glass is countable)

On the basis of Number

Noun can be classified into following two types on the basis of number:

  1. Singular Noun
    Singular noun refers to the noun that indicates only one.
    For example: book, pen, leaf, tooth, etc.

  2. Plural Noun
    Plural noun refers to the noun that indicates more than one.
    For example: books, pens, leaves, teeth, etc.

On the basis of Gender

Noun can be classified into following four types on the basis of gender:

  1. Masculine Noun
    Masculine noun refers to the noun that indicates male.
    For example: boy, man, Hari, Steve, Disbash etc.

  2. Feminine Noun
    Feminine noun refers to the noun that indicates female.
    For example: girl, woman, Anjali, Amisha etc.

  3. Common Noun
    Common noun refers to the noun that indicates both the male and the female.
    For example: teacher, servant, doctir, engineer etc.

  4. Neuter Noun
    Neuter noun refers to the noun that indicates non-living things.
    For example: pen, bench, desk, wood, ink etc.
Things to remember
  • A noun can be defined as the name of a person, animal, place or thing.
  • There are four kinds of noun namely, proper noun, common noun, collective noun and abstract noun.
  • Nouns like country, river, person, class, army can be counted. So they are called countable or count nouns.
  • Nouns that cannot be counted or generally represent a group are called uncountable nouns.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Questions and Answers

Although Abiral lost his way twice, he arrived safely.

I came home as soon as I completed my homework.

In spite of bang well over 95, he still rides a bike every day.

Ram went to the nearly park yesterday.

Driving a bicycle is as hard as driving a motorcycle.

Despite Sita's efforts, she failed the exam

He failed the exam because of his carelessness.

I'll never move from here unless Astik comes.

Quiz

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