Personal Health

Subject: Health and Physical Education

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Overview

According to public understanding, health is view as the absence of diseases or infirmity in the body of an individual.The definition of Personal health is the science to achieve a positive health by individual purpose and activities in terms of physical,mental and social aspects.In this note, we have discussed Personal health, Our body healthy,Methods of keeping our body healthy,Care of eyes,ears and nose, and also Nutrition status and body mass index (BMI)etc.
Personal Health

World Health Organization ( WHO ) defines health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being of an individual and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. It is the complete and most accepted definition of health.

But according to public understanding, health is view as the absence of diseases or infirmity in the body of an individual.

Personal Health

Source:catalog.flatworldknowledge.com Fig:dite
Source:catalog.flatwleworldknodge.com Fig:diet

The definition of Personal health is the science to achieve a positive health by individual purpose and activities in terms of physical,mental and social aspects.We need to be well aware towards our physical,mental and social health.Hygiene consists of all good and healthy habits. For a healthy, life we should do a regular exercise,taking proper rest and sleep,having a fresh air,sunlight, staying away from drugs, alcohol and tobacco,having a balanced diet and away from mental tension. Some important habits which we should pay attention towards cleanliness like;taking a bath regularly, cleaning teeth, ears, nose eyes and skin.For our good health, we should have a knowledge of health and preventive measures of diseases.

Our Body Healthy

We need to keep proper care of our body for the smooth functioning of our both external and internal organs. Where cells, organs, and tissue are a total combination of the different system. Our cleanliness, food habits, and personal health determine the health of our body. The reason why we need to keep ourselves healthy are given below :

Source:body.ultimatehealthtrends.com Fig:
Source:body.ultimatehealthtrends.com Fig:Human body
  • To live an active, comfortable and healthy life.
  • To control and stop various diseases.
  • To live a long life free from diseases and unfitness.
  • To destroy several diseases which have been taking the lives of people in the world.

Methods to Keep Our Body Healthy

Various diseases have frightened human survival. Many diseases like AIDS/HIV, HepatitisB and Cancer etc still do not have any treatment but they can only prevent.Because of this, it has taken a life of many people everywhere in the world.We can be free from dangerous diseases if we choose a healthy life.To create a healthy environment we need to spread the awareness.We can stay healthy if we follow the given method:

  1. According to our age and physical, mental capacities we need to have a balanced diet.We need to make the habit of taking milk, fruits, fish, meat, egg, cereals,pulses, green leafy vegetables etc.regularly.
  2. To have their body active and to tone up their muscles growing children should involve in sports regularly.And not only growing children but also pregnant women, old people, an adult should join in fitting exercise.
  3. To save infants from dangerous infection within one year they should be provided with BCG, DPT, HepatitisB, Polio etc. TT vaccination should be taken by pregnant women. According to the prevalence of diseases, infants should be immunized.
  4. Personal health and hygiene are important for us and on a regular basis personal cleanliness are necessary.
  5. We need to be far from a drug. We should avoidance of bad habits.It does not only spoil our health but also our life.

Care of Eyes, Ears and Nose

The sense organs are the windows through which we observe the external world. An important aspect of our Personal health is care of eyes, ears, and nose.We should clean our sense organs regularly.

Care of Eyes

Eyes are the sense of vision and it plays a vital role in our body.It helps to perform different activities in our life.The eye is a sensitive part of human body. So, we should take care of our eyes.We should pay attention toward following points for the safety of our eyes:

Source:www.lasikkansascity.com Fig:
Source:www.lasikkansascity.com Fig:Eyes
  • We should not rub our eyes with dirty hands, dirty water or towel it is because its may cause an eye infection.We can use a soft cloth or tub of water if dust or tiny insects enter in our eyes.
  • We should wash our eyes with clean and cold water at thrice a day.
  • We should never look directly strong radiation and the sun. We can even use the sunglasses to protect yourselves from dust and dirt as well as from strong light of the sun.
  • We should not watch TV for a long time sitting very close to it.
  • The right distance of reading and writing is a distance of 25 to 30 cm between the book.
  • We should be far from pointed and sharp objects.
  • We should have a food which contains vitamin A .Liver, meat, fish, yellow fruits, carrot and dark-green leafy vegetables are important sources of vitamin A.
  • If there is any eye infection then we should consult an ophthalmologist.

Method of Cleaning Eyes

Our eyes are very sensitive so never rub eyes hardly.In case dust or tiny insects enter our eyes we can use a soft cloth or tub of water to remove them. By keeping clean water in a clean flat dish and dip your eyes for few times and constantly close and open your eyelids to rid of dirt in this way also we can clean our eyes.

Care of Ears

Ear plays a significant role in hearing.Without it, we can not hear any sound and get information. We should much more care full about its safety. Loud sound is harmful to ears it may also damage.We should pay attention toward given points for the safety of ears:

Source:www.wisegeek.org Fig: Ears
Source:www.wisegeek.org Fig: Ears
  • Don't enter any sharp and pointed objects to remove the earwax it should be avoided because it may injure the eardrums makes deaf forever.
  • Using oil into the ears is not a good practice.As far as possible water should not be let enter the ears.Loud noise is not good for ears it may make us deaf.So, as possible stay far from noise.
  • Long time use of earphones or headphones regularly may harmful in your hearing capacity.
  • In the case of an earache or any ear infection, you should consult an ENT specialist.

Method of Cleaning Ears

As we know ear is the sensitive organs of our body. We need to be careful while cleaning it. So, after taking a bath to remove the earwax is easy it is because the wax becomes softer and easily come out by using sanitary buds which are available in the market.Don't enter any sharp and pointed objects in ears it may damage your ears dumb.

Care of Nose

Nose is an important sense organ of our body. It sends the sensation of different kinds of smell to the brain. They are the sense of smelling and breathing.We should pay attention toward given points for the safety of nose:

Source:plew.dvrlists.com Fig: Nose
Source:plew.dvrlists.com Fig: Nose
  • We should not insert fingers or any other pointed objects into the nostrils for cleaning them.
  • We should use marks or clean cloth to cover nose While breathing in a polluted environment.
  • We should not blow our nose with force.
  • We should consult a physician if there is any infection in the nose.

Method of Cleaning nose

The nose should be clean regularly.By blowing carefully and washing them with clean and cold water we can clean a nose.Never use the fingers or any other sharp objects to clean a nose.

Nutrition Status and Body Mass Index ( BMI )

As we know, our health depends on the status of nutrition.According to our physical and mental workload, we need to take a balanced diet.Here, nutrition also depends on upon age and gender.And also we have to maintain a body weight and height.We can balance our weight and height by having a supply of milk and supplementary of foods.In terms of our health if the body weight is heavier or less with respect to the height it's not considered favorable.How we should maintain our body weight is given in the following table:

SN Classification of BMI BMI=\(\frac{weight\;({in\;kg})}{[Height\;({in\;m})]^2}\)
1. Under weight Lesser than 18.5
2. Right weight 18.5 - 24.9
3. Over weight 25 or more than 25

At right weight, a healthy adult is expected to have BMI between 18.5 - 24.9 . We should give more focus to our nutrition , sleep, rest and exercise, etc.

Maintaining good posture

A healthy body should be physically fit. The natural shape and size of our bones should not be change. Good posture plays an important role in our body.Due to the wrong posture, we may suffer pain at the joints in our old age. Maintaining a good posture improve our personality as well as well keep our bones in a good shape.So, good posture plays an important role in our body.

Mental Status

Here,even a slight mental disorder leads a person into the unhealthy situation.As we grow we also develop the capacities of memory logical reasoning, intelligence etc. According to adolescents experience, different kinds of mental changes also depend on the physical changes.Even the health of a person related to the mental status of the person.To have a healthy mind we need a proper nutritious, rest, sleep foods recreation and healthy environment.

Things to remember
  • The definition of Personal health is the science to achieve a positive health by individual purpose and activities in terms of physical,mental and social aspects.
  • World Health Organization ( WHO ) defines health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being of an individual and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. It is the complete and most accepted definition of health.
  • The sense organs are the windows through which we observe the external world. An important aspect of our Personal health is care of eyes, ears, and nose.We should clean our sense organs regularly.
  • A healthy body should be physically fit. The natural shape and size of our bones should not be change.
  • Here,even a slight mental disorder leads a person into the unhealthy situation.As we grow we also develop the capacities of memory logical reasoning, intelligence etc. 
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
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Questions and Answers

Personal health is the science to achieve a positive health by individual purpose and activities in terms of physical,mental and social aspects .

We need to keep proper care of our body for the smooth functioning of our both external and internal organs.

The name of three diseases which  still do not have any treatment but they can only prevent are:

  1. AIDS/HIV,
  2. HepatitisB
  3. Cancer etc

World Health Organization ( WHO ) defines health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being of an individual and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. It is the complete and most accepted definition of health.

Personal health is the science to achieve a positive health by individual purpose and activities in terms of physical,mental and social aspects. The four methods to keep our body healthy are:

  1. Personal health and hygiene are important for us and on a regular basis personal cleanliness are necessary.
  2. To have their body active and to tone up their muscles growing children should involve in sports regularly.And not only growing children but also pregnant women, old people, an adult should join in fitting exercise.
  3. To save infants from dangerous infection within one year they should be provided with BCG, DPT, HepatitisB, Polio etc. TT vaccination should be taken by pregnant women. According to the prevalence of diseases, infants should be immunized.
  4. According to our age and physical, mental capacities we need to have a balanced diet.We need to make the habit of taking milk, fruits, fish, meat, egg, cereals,pulses, green leafy vegetables etc.regularly.

 

The reason why we need to keep ourselves healthy are given below :

  • To live an active, comfortable and healthy life.
  • To control and stop various diseases.
  • To live a long life free from diseases and unfitness.
  • To destroy several diseases which have been taking the lives of people in the world.

World Health Organization ( WHO ) defines health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being of an individual and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. It is the complete and most accepted definition of health.Some points for the safety of our eyes are:

  • The right distance of reading and writing is a distance of 25 to 30 cm between the book.
  • We should be far from pointed and sharp objects.
  • We should have a food which contains vitamin A .Liver, meat, fish, yellow fruits, carrot and dark-green leafy vegetables are important sources of vitamin A.
  • If there is any eye infection then we should consult an ophthalmologist.

 

  • We should not rub our eyes with dirty hands, dirty water or towel it is because its may cause an eye infection. We can use a soft cloth or tub of water if dust or tiny insects enter in our eyes.
  • We should wash our eyes with clean and cold water at thrice a day.
  • We should never look directly strong radiation and the sun. We can even use the sunglasses to protect yourselves from dust and dirt as well as from strong light of the sun.
  • We should not watch TV for a long time sitting very close to it.

 

 

 The two points for the safety of ears are;

  • Don't enter any sharp and pointed objects to remove the earwax it should be avoided because it may injure the eardrums makes deaf forever.
  • Using oil into the ears is not a good practice.As far as possible water should not be let enter the ears.Loud noise is not good for ears it may make us deaf.So, as possible stay far from noise.

A method of cleaning ear: after taking a bath to remove the earwax is easy it is because the wax becomes softer and easily come out by using sanitary buds which are available in the market.

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