Subject: Civics and Moral Education
The judgment of a distinct individual's stable good characters is called moral qualities. The concept of character can refer a variety of features including the occurrence or lack of virtues such as courage, understanding, determination, honesty, and loyalty or good behaviors or habits. Some of the moral qualities are well explained here:
One of the renowned presidents of United States of America had the assembly in parliament. On the way to Parliament House, he saw a pig in the small pit covered fully with dirty mud. It was trying very hard to come out of that pit. As much it tried to come out, it went deeper and deeper in the mud. The President was kind and could not bear it. He got out from his fancy car and helped the pig to go out from that pit. It was almost the time for the important assembly in the house. His dress was muddy and hands were dirty. He could have gone home for the change but he went to parliament exactly before the time. Everybody was surprised to see him in that condition. After knowing the story of his kindness, everyone started to praise his act. At the moment, President spoke up, "You are praising me for noting. Actually, I didn't show any kindness to the pig which was struggling. When I saw its condition, I was in great distress. To help myself and to make myself free of stress, I went to pig and brought it back in the land."
In fact, feeling that comes inside us seeing others' trouble and putting effort to relieve them from such problems is the act of kindness. Showing kindness implies not only helping the person, animals or plants to come out of problems but also to help the agent to get personal satisfaction and happiness.
There is a great history behind Albert Einstein who is all time hero of science and nuclear power. His findings of nuclear power have changed the world. Most often his formula for nuclear power has been used to make an atom bomb. An atom bomb is frequently used in the destruction of the earth. The main propose of his discovery is for the growth and development of national as well as the world not for destruction. When Einstein was busy experimenting on the nuclear bomb, he often joked saying; "If my principle comes to be correct, the German people will congratulate me as a great German, and the people of France will tell that I am a great citizen of the world".
Once Albert Einstein was offered the post of President of Israel after the death of Chem, Benue (President of Israel-1952). People of Israel were so happy to accept such a noble man for the greatest post of their country. But he said, "I am grateful to all of you for this honorary proposal, but I think I may not be the most suited person for this post. I don't have the knowledge of statesmanship and couldn't guarantee the civic rights of all citizen" and he refused the offer. No doubt, the post of President is the highest post of one nation. Millions of people will be in his under and he could have the supreme power but at the same time, Scientist is also honorary post. A scientist can be more valuable than one state person. A famous scientist can be the father of the world. The polite behavior of a great man like Einstein is exemplary.
Sometimes, a high post can make a person arrogant and he/she may say, "I can do any sort of work". This might bring them in real trouble. So, we should abide by the rule of morality. We can learn it from the character of Albert Einstein.
There is a beautiful story of Vishwanath Shastri; an educated man of Bengal. Once, he was having the scriptural contest with another member of the town. When the opponent man was at the point of defeat, one of the members of the opposing party insulted Vishwanath by throwing tobacco upon him. It was an embarrassing moment for all. Shastri wiped out the tobacco immediately with his handkerchief and smilingly said, "It somehow seems to be related to the present context only, let us all focus on overall accepts of reality once again."
It has never been the issue whether or not, his opinions will get a place at last. But the way he tolerates his insult and controlled his emotions, made other felt that he was a very generous and wise man. Many times, we lost our temper and act immediately. This might cause harm to others as well as to ourselves. So, patience and tolerance should be in everyone's attitude.
We all have five senses in us and in every moment we are using these senses for different propose. We have a well-known quotation that, "It's our senses who can be our friends and foes at the same time." Self- control is the moral quality of controlling these senses and having will power to follow our dream path. For example, Napoleon, the great Emperor of France was a man with good self-control.
When he was a student, he was proposed by a beautiful girl who is his neighbour. He was the tall and handsome guy. He never wasted his time in being with love and attraction. He has strong control in himself and he was focused on his studies. He was doing his research in socio-economic aspects of his country. He had a vision and he thought that girl could distract him. So, he rejected her proposal. Later, when he became the Prime Minister of his country, he got a chance to meet the same lady. He asked, "Do you remember the boy Napoleon in your neighborhood?" The girl said,"Oh, that arrogant super idiot. He was so stubborn and dirty. He did not know about singing and dancing. He was the very silent boy." Napoleon said with a smile, "If he could have loved her and entangled with your fun , he could never be the super asset of the country." Really, as Napoleon, any man can succeed with self-control.
To have the self-control with respect to time helps us to determine how patience we are. It is an essential moral quality. We have to do hard work in a disciplined manner to achieve anything in our life. Sometimes we lack patience and we end up with dissatisfaction. It always takes a time to give us the proper output. A farmer who plants rice in monsoon has to wait for 3-4 months to harvest the crops. If he harvests the crops before the crops ripen then there will be no rice. He could not get anything to eat and sell in the market. His life will be miserable for rest of the year. So, patience is most important in everyone's life.
This is one of the essential moral quality that each one of us must have in our life. If anybody needs help, we must always come forward to help them. It is not always necessary that we must help others only when we are requested for help. There might be natural calamities and social violence where someone needs our help and support. We can help physically, financially and socially to our friends, relatives, and neighbours. In our Nepalese society, there will not be any possibilities of surviving without getting any help from next family. In order to plant crops and harvest them in time, we need a lot of manpower to work in the field. Hence, there is greater need of help of one another. This is a perfect example how a society can be benefitted with the virtue of helpfulness.
Social service is one of the most important moral quality of human life. People are so busy in their own personal work. Nobody has time for social work. There is one popular saying that if we have more need than our responsibilities then we will always end up in dissatisfaction. Having social responsibilities, add the meaning in our life. The short biography of one of the greatest social worker of the 20th century,Mother Teresa,is explained below.
"Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhin (Later Mother Teresa) was born to Albanian parents in Yugoslavia on 27thAugust 1910. At the age of 18, she became a Sister of Loreto. She came to India in 1928 and started her novitiate (a beginner becoming a nun) in Darjeeling, a hill station in West Bengal.
Mother Teresa became a teacher at St. Mary’s High School in Kolkata in 1929. Soon she became the principal of the school. In 1931 she adopted the name, Teresa. In 1946 Teresa felt an inner urge to start a new experiment to serve humanity. So in 1948 she obtained the Pope’s permission to leave the convent. With only five rupees in hand, she went into the streets of Kolkata to work for the poor and the needy. She lovingly collected some slum children, washed them and began to teach them under a tree.
Teresa took Indian citizen in 1948. She then opened a first home and first school in Kolkata for slum children. She also adopted Indian dress and clothed herself in a sari. Mother Teresa started the Order of the Missionaries of Charity in 1950. Its members are dedicated to free service to the poor. They look after the unwanted, the abandoned and the unloved. They also run many children homes to care for the sick, retarded and orphaned children. These Sisters work also among the drug addicts, alcoholics and destitute in many countries. In 1957 Mother Teresa opened a home for lepers in Kolkata.
Mother Teresa set up nearly 570 homes for the poor, spread in over 125 countries both in the West and the East. Mother Teresa was honored with numerous titles and awards. These includes the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1979, Magsaysay Award (The Philippines), Templeton Award (Britain), and India’s highest Civilian Award, Bharat Ratna. They meant little to her. She was a woman of God who practiced love in action."
Those habits that we acquire and are useful for us, our family and society are the good behavior. One of the essential examples of good behavior is maintaining the cleanliness of our surrounding. Besides, respecting religion, wealth, and work is the essential part of good habits.
Religious behaviors are acquired through our family and society. To speak the truth and to be honest are the virtue of our religion. Wealth is earned according to rules, not by injustice and force. Some other good behaviors are listed below;
A student can get good marks in the exam if he/she follows such good conduct regularly. People who lack good conduct are categorized as bad people in our society. We should always have the good behavior to gain love and respect from other.
There is a beautiful tale of a young girl who has lost her pen in a well. She prayed and prayed to the god of water until he came out from well and asked what happened to her. She explained about her lost of pen and how much essential for her to do homework. She had only one pen with her. The god of water dipped down to well and brought the golden pen and asked, "Is this your pen?". The girl refused though it was gold. She could have taken that pen to her home and sell it and get a new pen but she did not take it. He again dipped in water and brought a pen of diamond and asked the same question, "Is this your pen?" The girl wept and said, "No." Finally, he dipped his hand in well again and showed her real pen and asked the same question, "Is this your pen?" She said, "Yes, this is mine." The lord of water was so happy to see her honesty and she had gifted all pens to her. She returned home happily.
Moral : Honesty is the best policy.
How did the President of United States help the Pig?
According to the Story, when the President saw the struggling pig in the mud. He got out from his fancy car and helped the pig go out from that pit. It was almost the time for the important session in the house. His dress was muddy and hands were dirty. He could have gone home for the change but he went to parliament exactly before the time.
Why should there must be a tolerance between us?
Tolerance is the behavior that one does not necessarily agree with. Everyone must have tolerance because many times we may lost our temper and act immediately. This might cause harm to others as well as to own self. So, Tolerance should be in everyone's attitude.
What do you understand by Helpfulness?
Helpfulness is one of the essential moral quality that each one of us must have in our life. If anybody needs help, we must always come forward to help them. It is not always necessary that he must help only we are requested for help. There might be natural calamities and social violence where someone needs our help and support. We can help physically, financially and socially to our friends, relatives and neighbors. In our Nepalese society, there will not any possibilities of surviving with framing without any help from next family. To plant crops and harvest them in time, we need a lot of manpower to work in field. This could be possible only with large number of people. Hence, there is greater need of help of one another. This is a perfect example how a society can be benefitted with the virtue of helpfulness.
What is a good behaviour? Write some of the good behaviours that you follow?
Good behaviours are those that are useful for us, our family and society. One of the essential example of good behavior is maintaining the cleanliness of our surrounding. Besides, respecting religion, wealth and work is the essential part of good habits.
Some other good behaviors are listed below;
A student can get good marks in exam if he/she follows such good conduct regularly. People who lack good conduct are categorized as bad people in our society. We should always have the good behavior to gain love and respect from other.
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