Subject: Mass Communication
Specialized reporting is a way of searching for in-depth news, while repetitively involves one or other kind of investigation. It is also called in-depth reporting in other words. This type of reporting tries to explore a news story that has significant interests in public affairs and related to the different source. It checks the public data that are important and determines suspense information about some secrets or wrongdoing and as well as those matters that is a threat to the government or working against to government.
Specialized reporting should be following by depth and well-planned investigation using all the resources under the supervision of news organization. It even adopts the method and form of crime reporting and while doing reporting reporter might face risk at the field of investigation. It is a long run reporting and often time-consuming than another kind of reporting. In this reporting reporters might have to face obstacles, threats, and resistance from concerned parties as well.
While preparing specialized reporting reporters must be calm and restrained. One cannot prepare it if s/he gets too emotional because it is a matter of collecting facts. It does not have a particular deadline for an accomplishment like in other news reporting. It takes the dramatic situation in order to achieve the truth through different inquiry. The reporter should have insight, curiosity, and awareness to gain the in-depth investigation. The reporter must be quick, novel with a good personality, conversationalist and well structured to accomplish the reporting.
In specialized reporting, every report has to be full of truth, accuracy, and objectivity that is (TAO) and should be presented as it is. There should not be any modification and condensation in the news stories. The concept of TAO is similar to the principle of ABC in journalism. It is very necessary to apply the concept of TAO in this specialized reporting because it has border and strong impact on the target audiences. TAO concept is characterized as a report must be full of facts, balanced and followed by 5W1H. Similarly, reporters must be accurate, immediate, defendants in verifying source and the person. The reporter must as well have the quality to distinct between news and opinion and to avoid all sorts of manipulations.
In journalism interview simply refers to the conversation between two or more people where journalists ask questions in order to obtained information. It is a way of formal and nonformal both, to get an answer of pre-determined questions in specific purposes, it is a systemize conversation between interviewer and interviewee. The interview is the medium to acquire the information for different media like newspaper, magazine, radio, television, and internet. All kinds of conversation cannot be considered as an interview. To be an interview involved person must be related to the certain theme or issues. The interview is often taken from the eyewitness, expert or victim in order to expose the truth of the events.
The interview is considered as a basic source of information in news reporting as it involves the process of asking questions and recording the answers through writing or tape recording. It is an important part of reporting. Reporters often practice face to face or telephone interviews. Similarly, email has added another way of the technique of interview. It is a continuous process of news making and even called as ‘pseudo-events’. It can be done through either writing or speaking for written interview reporter should prepare a set of questions so that s/he could ask the interviewee in the process of mailing. However, in an oral interview, the interviewer prefers the face to face answer of the asked question. These days telephone is getting much popularity because it is less time consuming and quick way to get result in radio medium. But face to face interview is very important in the television.
Moreover, in interview interviewer and interviewee plays the important role. The one who prepares and asks the question is known as an interviewer and one who gives the answer is an interviewee. Here interviewer is a reporter who has to collect the information for news reporting. But interviewee is not a fixed person s/he can be either celebrating, public, victim or anybody related the events or issues of reporting.
Prasaran Patrakarita: Hate Kitab (selected topics) Nepal Press Institute, 1997.
Mass Media Laws and Regulations in Nepal.
Visho Suchana tatha Sanchar Pranali Ka Naya Ayama haru , Nepal press institute.
The Constitution of Nepal(selected topics). (2047)
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