Subject: Mass Communication
The process of preparing or making pictures by means of the action of light is called photography. The process is done by the mechanical, chemical or digital device known as a camera. A photograph really plays the important role in journalism. Those pictures and images carrying news values have very important place in journalism of photography. Joseph Nicephore Niepce was the inventor of such photography who was from France. Photojournalism is a kind of journalism who is responsible for collecting or capturing those images or pictures which have news value. Those images might be either still or broadcast images in case of some videos.
Photojournalism often carries the principle of timeliness, objectivity, and narrative. As the journalism is concerned with image making photojournalist must have the knowledge of photography and journalism. S/he is responsible for capturing the essence of the event in visual terms. Photojournalists are considered to be the very important person for the newspaper, magazines, television and other online media. They tend to capture the photographs that are interesting informative, educational and entertaining too. They have to work under the pressure as their decision must be taken instantly as per the issues or events. As a result, photojournalism is a really tough job having risk factors. S/he must have the knowledge and skills of using the camera in order to create the visual image that is the great importance of news value. A good photojournalism can only be carried out by those photojournalists who have the sense of curiosity, artistic aptitude, ethical standard and quick thinking and adaptability.
In order to obtained images or pictures of a better quality, one must know the art or skills of handling the camera. The handling camera is concerned with focus, aperture of the lens, duration of exposure, focal length and types of lens, the sensitivity of light and so on.
Generally, the camera should be handling with ease and comfort so that it can results in consistently better pictures. When the camera is not focused properly, exposure does not control and focal lengths are not maintained we cannot capture the better images. We should not use force to adjust anything on the camera it is against the rule of handling the camera. Otherwise, we may destroy our images or videos. So, there should be control in the process of handling the camera.
A major objective of easy and smooth handling of the camera is to get sharp, clear and valuable pictures through the clean camera lens. If the lens is not clean then the pictures might appear blurred, hazy and unclear. So, one must wipe the camera lens in order blow away the dirt and dust from lens to click a good pictures or images.
Tips for better pictures
Use of Picture
Photography can be carried out by any person who has an interest in it. It literally does not need photojournalists. And those who have interests in photography do not necessarily need journalism training, photography skills are enough. They even need to follow the code of ethics and rules rather they can capture the images or pictures as per the interests of clients or consumer. Those pictures and images might be for individual or business purpose. They might or might not write any caption on the photos. Pictures taken by such photographer might be filled with the beauty and attraction.
Such photographer captures the pictures either by staying in the studios or by going to the place of client’s interests. This kind of profession of photography is a job of less risky as it creates the picture of no news value. Photography only prepares photographs and images for the purpose of using or selling them. Such kind of photography began from 1826.
A photographer who has the skills and art of photojournalism capture pictures with news value which is also called news photography. They capture the picture for information, knowledge, entertainment and news importance. News photography is specially carried out by the photojournalist who has knowledge of both photography and journalism. It has its own code of ethics. Pictures taken by such journalist are mainly for news purpose and public interests and they are presented with a suitable caption.
Photojournalist always tries to capture those issues and event which are of news value. Such photojournalist him/herself visits the place of events in order to capture the realistic picture therefore it is the job of risk too. Thus profession of news photography is a business of risks and hurry, photojournalists may also face attacks in a tense situation. Therefore news photography must deal to draw the realistic picture of a news event in order to publish in the new.
Prasaran Patrakarita: Hate Kitab, Second edition, Nepal Press Institute, 1997.
Mass Media Laws and Regulations in Nepal.
Visho Suchana tatha Sanchar Pranali Ka Naya Ayama haru , Nepal press institute.
The Constitution of Nepal(selected topics). (2047)
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