Yeast

Subject: Biology

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Overview

Yeast is a saprophytic fungus. This note contains information about an occurrence, classification, and structure of yeast.
Yeast

Classification

Kingdom: Fungi

Division: Mycophyta

Class: Ascomycetes

Order: Endomycetales

Family: Saccharomycetaceae

Genus: Saccharomyces

Species: cerevisiae

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Occurrence

Yeast is a saprophytic fungus. Saccharomyces cerevisiae is found in sugary rich substances like rotten fruits, rotten juice and other organic substances containing sugar. It is commonly known as baker's yeast and brewer's yeast because in the baking industry it is used to make the bread soft and porous and it is used in the brewing industry for the preparation of ethyl alcohol.

Alcoholic fermentation

It is the incomplete breakdown of glucose into ethyl alcohol and carbon dioxide in an anaerobic condition in the presence of enzymes invertase and zymase.

C6H12O6 → 2 C2H5OH + 2 CO + heat energy

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Structure

Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a unicellular eukaryotic fungus. The cell structure is round or oval in shape. The cell wall is made up of chitin. It contains all double membrane-bound cell organelles like ER, Golgi body, mitochondria, ribosomes etc. There is the presence of centrally located large vacuole covered by tonoplast. Reserved food material is glycogen, volutin granule, and oil droplets.

Things to remember
  •  Saccharomyces cerevisiae is found in sugary rich substances like rotten fruits, rotten juice and other organic substances.
  • Alcoholic fermentation is the incomplete breakdown of glucose into ethyl alcohol and carbon dioxide in an anaerobic condition in the presence of enzymes invertase and zymase.
  • There is the presence of centrally located large vacuole covered by tonoplast.
  • Reserved food material is glycogen, volutin granule and oil droplets.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.

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